USDA Crop Production 01/12



Crop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Orange Production Down 2 Percent from December Forecast

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is
4.53 million tons, down 2 percent from the previous forecast and
down 13 percent from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The Florida all orange
forecast, at 54.0 million boxes (2.43 million tons), is down 4 percent from
the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last season's final
utilization. In Florida, early, midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast
at 20.0 million boxes (900,000 tons), down 9 percent from the previous
forecast and down 33 percent from last season's final utilization. The
Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 34.0 million boxes (1.53 million tons),
is unchanged from the previous forecast but down 10 percent from last
season's final utilization.

The California all orange forecast is 51.0 million boxes (2.04 million tons),
up 1 percent from the previous forecast but down 4 percent from last season's
final utilization. The California Navel orange forecast is 42.0 million boxes
(1.68 million tons), is unchanged from the previous forecast but
down 5 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia
orange forecast is 9.0 million boxes (360,000 tons), is up 6 percent from the
previous forecast but unchanged from last season's final utilization. The
Texas all orange forecast, at 1.50 million boxes (64,000 tons), is unchanged
from the previous forecast but up 12 percent from last season's final
utilization.

This report was approved on January 12, 2021.

Secretary of
Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop  States and United States:
2019-2020 and
Forecasted January 1, 2021
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the
completion of harvest the following year]

                        Utilized prod. boxes 1/Utilized prod. ton equivalent
Crop and State
                         2019-20          20-21          19-20         20-21

                                  (1,000 boxes)                  (1,000 tons)
Oranges
CA                        53,300         51,000          2,132          2,040
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          44,300         42,000          1,772          1,680
 Valencia                  9,000          9,000            360            360

FL                        67,300         54,000          3,028          2,430
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          29,650         20,000          1,334            900
 Valencia                 37,650         34,000          1,694          1,530

TX                         1,340          1,500             57             64
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                           1,150          1,300             49             55
 Valencia                    190            200              8              9

US                       121,940        106,500          5,217          4,534
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          75,100         63,300          3,155          2,635
 Valencia                 46,840         43,200          2,062          1,899

Grapefruit
CA                         3,800          4,200            152            168
FL                         4,850          4,600            207            196
 Red 3/                    4,060           (NA)            173           (NA)
 White 3/                    790           (NA)             34           (NA)
TX                         4,400          5,000            176            200

US                        13,050         13,800            535            564

Tangerines and mandarins 4/
CA                        22,000         23,000            880            920
FL                         1,020          1,100             48             52

US                        23,020         24,100            928            972

Lemons
AZ                         1,800          1,900             72             76
CA                        25,700         24,000          1,028            960

US                        27,500         25,900          1,100          1,036

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85;
grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in
California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80.
2/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and
midseason varieties in Florida and Texas.
3/ Estimates discontinued in 2020-2021.
4/ Includes tangelos and tangors.
Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Hay Stocks on Farms  States and United States: May 1 and December 1, 2019 and
2020

                                    May 1                         December 1
State
                   2019              2020              2019             2020

                                                                 (1,000 tons)
AL                  200               120             1,100             1,800
AZ                   35                45               280               300
AR                  190               340             2,000             1,800
CA                  270               420             1,350             1,640
CO                  300               410             2,000             1,700
CT                    6                 8                43                30
DE                    2                 2                16                10
FL                   80                80               540               520
GA                  265               170             1,110             1,210
ID                  400               490             2,400             2,500

IL                  175               220               750             1,000
IN                  130               140               730               800
IA                  345               510             2,180             2,430
KS                  630             1,420             5,300             5,000
KY                  500               625             3,000             3,825
LA                   55               120               660               660
ME                   22                30               115               150
MD                   78                60               315               290
MA                   12                 8                55                60
MI                  180               220               930               900

MN                  280               360             1,690             2,240
MS                  100               130               960             1,050
MO                  480             1,410             6,900             6,000
MT                1,100             1,040             5,100             4,800
NE                1,070             1,380             4,200             4,200
NV                   65                80               935               400
NH                    6                 7                30                36
NJ                   16                29                70                90
NM                  105                50               330               210
NY                  260               350             1,600             1,000

NC                  235               180             1,300             1,120
ND                1,000             1,290             4,200             3,700
OH                  180               220             1,250             1,300
OK                  740             1,350             4,200             4,100
OR                  170               400             1,900             1,600
PA                  290               350             1,650             1,410
RI                    1                 1                 4                 4
SC                   95                75               360               400
SD                1,200             2,350             6,250             5,800
TN                  485               425             2,900             2,930

TX                1,550             1,950             5,600             6,400
UT                  280               300             1,300             1,250
VT                   48                36               165               145
VA                  270               310             1,800             2,050
WA                  290               160             1,050             1,100
WV                   75                95               660               770
WI                  330               310             1,770             1,790
WY                  310               350             1,440             1,500

US               14,906            20,426            84,488            84,020

Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2020           2021           2020          2021

                                                                (1,000 acres)
Grains and hay
Barley                     2,621                         2,133
Corn,grain 1/             90,819                        82,467
Corn,silage                 (NA)                         6,719
Hay, all                    (NA)                        52,238
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                        16,230
  All other                 (NA)                        36,008
Oats                       2,984                         1,004
Proso millet                 609                           484
Rice                       3,036                         2,987
Rye                        1,955                           330
Sorghum,grain 1/           5,880                         5,095
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                           239
Wheat, all                44,349                        36,746
  Winter                  30,415         31,991         23,024
  Durum                    1,684                         1,662
  Other spring            12,250                        12,060

Oilseeds
Canola                     1,825                         1,789
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                     305                           296
Mustard seed                  97                          91.4
Peanuts                  1,664.2                       1,615.8
Rapeseed                    11.2                          10.1
Safflower                    136                         126.7
Soybeans,beans            83,084                        82,318
Sunflower                1,718.7                       1,665.7

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all             12,092.5                       8,701.5
  Upland                  11,890                         8,507
  American Pima            202.5                         194.5
Sugarbeets               1,162.2                       1,142.3
Sugarcane                   (NA)                         940.5
Tobacco                     (NA)                         198.1

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                  269.8                         262.9
Dry edible beans           1,740                       1,676.5
Dry edi. peas              1,002                           976
Lentils                      528                           514

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                          58.6
Maple syrup                 (NA)                          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                          50.1
Potatoes                     921                         914.1
Spearmint oil               (NA)                          17.7

Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                       Yield per acre             Production
Crop
                                     2020        2021        2020       2021

                                                          (1,000)
Grains and hay
Barley                bushels        77.5                 165,324
Corn,grain            bushels         172              14,182,479
Corn,silage              tons        20.5                 137,729
Hay, all                 tons        2.43                 126,812
  Alfalfa                tons        3.27                  53,067
  All other              tons        2.05                  73,745
Oats                  bushels        65.1                  65,355
Proso millet          bushels          19                   9,210
Rice 2/                   cwt       7,619                 227,583
Rye                   bushels        34.9                  11,532
Sorghum,grain         bushels        73.2                 372,960
Sorghum,silage           tons        13.1                   3,125
Wheat, all            bushels        49.7               1,825,820
  Winter              bushels        50.9               1,171,022
  Durum               bushels        41.4                  68,808
  Other spring        bushels        48.6                 585,990

Oilseeds
Canola                 pounds       1,931               3,454,950
Cottonseed               tons         (X)                   4,587
Flaxseed              bushels        19.3                   5,706
Mustard seed           pounds         895                  81,770
Peanuts                pounds       3,796               6,133,900
Rapeseed               pounds       1,971                  19,910
Safflower              pounds       1,167                 147,800
Soybeans,beans        bushels        50.2               4,135,477
Sunflower              pounds       1,790               2,982,410

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/          bales         825                  14,953
  Upland 2/             bales         813                  14,401
  American Pima 2/
                        bales       1,362                     552
Sugarbeets               tons        29.4                  33,618
Sugarcane                tons        37.7                  35,457
Tobacco                pounds       1,966                 389,413

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas 2/              cwt       1,625                   4,273
Dry edible beans 2/
                          cwt       1,966                  32,963
Dry edi. peas 2/          cwt       2,235                  21,813
Lentils 2/                cwt       1,442                   7,411

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                   pounds       1,770               103,810.3
Maple syrup           gallons        (NA)                   4,372
Mushrooms              pounds        (NA)                 816,367
Peppermint oil         pounds          99                   4,984
Potatoes                  cwt         453                 414,248
Spearmint oil          pounds         121                   2,134

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Yield in pounds.
Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2020           2021           2020          2021

                                                                   (hectares)
Grains and hay
Barley                 1,060,690                       863,200
Corn,grain 1/         36,753,540                    33,373,570
Corn,silage                 (NA)                     2,719,110
Hay, all 2/                 (NA)                    21,140,200
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                     6,568,120
  All other                 (NA)                    14,572,080
Oats                   1,207,590                       406,310
Proso millet             246,460                       195,870
Rice                   1,228,640                     1,208,810
Rye                      791,170                       133,550
Sorghum,grain 1/       2,379,580                     2,061,900
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                        96,720
Wheat, all 2/         17,947,600                    14,870,740
  Winter              12,308,650     12,946,440      9,317,580
  Durum                  681,500                       672,590
  Other spring         4,957,450                     4,880,560

Oilseeds
Canola                   738,560                       723,990
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                 123,430                       119,790
Mustard seed              39,250                        36,990
Peanuts                  673,490                       653,900
Rapeseed                   4,530                         4,090
Safflower                 55,040                        51,270
Soybeans,beans        33,623,260                    33,313,270
Sunflower                695,540                       674,090

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/         4,893,710                     3,521,410
  Upland               4,811,760                     3,442,700
  American Pima           81,950                        78,710
Sugarbeets               470,330                       462,280
Sugarcane                   (NA)                       380,610
Tobacco                     (NA)                        80,150

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                109,190                       106,390
Dry edible beans         704,160                       678,460
Dry edi. peas            404,290                       393,760
Lentils                  213,680                       208,010

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                        23,730
Maple syrup                 (NA)                          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                        20,270
Potatoes                 372,720                       369,930
Spearmint oil               (NA)                         7,160

Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2020 and 2021 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                              Yield per hectare                   Production
Crop
                            2020           2021           2020          2021

                                                                (metric tons)
Grains and hay
Barley                      4.17                     3,599,510
Corn,grain                 10.79                   360,251,560
Corn,silage                45.95                   124,945,650
Hay, all 2/                 5.44                   115,041,910
  Alfalfa                   7.33                    48,141,570
  All other                 4.59                    66,900,340
Oats                        2.33                       948,630
Proso millet                1.07                       208,880
Rice                        8.54                    10,322,990
Rye                         2.19                       292,930
Sorghum,grain               4.59                     9,473,620
Sorghum,silage             29.31                     2,834,950
Wheat, all 2/               3.34                    49,690,680
  Winter                    3.42                    31,870,000
  Durum                     2.78                     1,872,650
  Other spring              3.27                    15,948,030

Oilseeds
Canola                      2.16                     1,567,140
Cottonseed                   (X)                     4,161,260
Flaxseed                    1.21                       144,940
Mustard seed                   1                        37,090
Peanuts                     4.25                     2,782,290
Rapeseed                    2.21                         9,030
Safflower                   1.31                        67,040
Soybeans,beans              3.38                   112,549,240
Sunflower                   2.01                     1,352,800

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/              0.92                     3,255,630
  Upland                    0.91                     3,135,450
  American Pima             1.53                       120,180
Sugarbeets                 65.97                    30,497,740
Sugarcane                  84.51                    32,166,050
Tobacco                     2.20                       176,630

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                   1.82                       193,820
Dry edible beans            2.20                     1,495,180
Dry edi. peas               2.50                       985,790
Lentils                     1.62                       336,160

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        1.98                        47,090
Maple syrup                 (NA)                        21,860
Mushrooms                   (NA)                       370,300
Peppermint oil              0.11                         2,260
Potatoes                   50.79                    18,789,970
Spearmint oil               0.14                           970

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Total may not add due to rounding.
Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units  United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                     Production
Crop
                                                       2020                2021

Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                  1,000 tons                  535                 564
Lemons                      1,000 tons                1,100               1,036
Oranges                     1,000 tons                5,217               4,534
Tangerines and mandarins
                            1,000 tons                  928                 972

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                        million pounds               10,650
Apricots                          tons               34,800
Avocados                          tons
Blueberries, Cultivated
                          1,000 pounds
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
                          1,000 pounds
Cherries, Sweet                   tons              334,000
Cherries, Tart          million pounds                  197
Coffee (Hawaii)           1,000 pounds
Cranberries                     barrel            8,970,000

Dates                             tons
Grapes                            tons            7,180,000
Kiwifruit (California)
                                  tons
Nectarines (California)
                                  tons
Olives (California)
                                  tons
Papayas (Hawaii)          1,000 pounds
Peaches                           tons              645,500
Pears                             tons              800,000
Plums (California)
                                  tons
Prunes (California)
                                  tons
Raspberries, all          1,000 pounds
Strawberries                 1,000 cwt

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                          1,000 pounds            3,000,000
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                  tons               71,000
Macadamias (Hawaii)
                          1,000 pounds
Pecans, in-shell          1,000 pounds              306,500
Pistachios (California)
                          1,000 pounds
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                  tons              780,000

1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.
Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units  United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                    Production
Crop
                                            2020                          2021

                                                                  (metric tons)
Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                               485,340                        511,650
Lemons                                   997,900                        939,840
Oranges                                4,732,780                      4,113,180
Tangerines and mandarins
                                         841,870                        881,780

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                                       4,830,760
Apricots                                  31,570
Avocados
Blueberries, Cultivated
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
Cherries, Sweet                          303,000
Cherries, Tart                            89,360
Coffee (Hawaii)
Cranberries                              406,870

Dates
Grapes                                 6,513,590
Kiwifruit (California)
Nectarines (California)
Olives (California)
Papayas (Hawaii)
Peaches                                  585,590
Pears                                    725,750
Plums (California)
Prunes (California)
Raspberries, all
Strawberries

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                                       1,360,780
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                          64,410
Macadamias (Hawaii)
Pecans, in-shell                         139,030
Pistachios (California)
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                         707,600

1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.
Crop Production: Released January 12, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of January 1 Crop Production Forecasts
[Based on data for the past twenty years]

                                             Difference between forecast
                                                      and final estimate

                            90 percent           Production        Years
Crop                  Root mean confidence
                   square error interval                       Below Above
                                      Average SmallestLargest        final

                                     %           (millions)      (number)
Oranges 1/          tons    5.2    8.9    298      2    843      6     14

1/ Quantity is in thousands of units.

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