USDA Crop Production 06/11



Crop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Winter Wheat Production Up Less Than 1 Percent from May Forecast
Orange Production Down 1 Percent

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.27 billion bushels, up less than
1 percent from the May 1 forecast and up 8 percent from 2018. As of June 1,
the United States yield is forecast at 50.5 bushels per acre, up 0.2 bushel
from last month and up 2.6 bushels from last year's average yield of
47.9 bushels per acre.

Hard Red Winter production, at 794 million bushels, is up 2 percent from last
month. Soft Red Winter, at 258 million bushels, is down 2 percent from the
May forecast. White Winter, at 222 million bushels, is down 1 percent from
last month. Of the White Winter production, 22.4 million bushels are Hard
White and 199 million bushels are Soft White.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2018-2019 season is
5.25 million tons, down 1 percent from last month but up 34 percent from the
2017-2018 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at
71.4 million boxes (3.21 million tons), is down 1 percent from last month but
up 58 percent from last season's final utilization. Early, midseason, and
Navel varieties in Florida are forecast at 30.4 million boxes
(1.37 million tons), unchanged from last month but up 60 percent from last
season's final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at
41.0 million boxes (1.85 million tons), is down 2 percent from last month but
up 57 percent from last season's final utilization. The California and Texas
orange production forecasts were carried forward from the previous month.

This report was approved on June 11, 2019.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Ted A. McKinney

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States:
2018 and Forecasted June 1, 2019

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2019
           2018      2019      2018                          2018     2019
                                        May 1    June 1

            (1,000 acres)                     (bushels)     (1,000 bushels)
AR           95        60        55        61        60     5,225    3,600
CA          110       120        77        72        65     8,470    7,800
CO        1,950     2,150        36        41        41    70,200   88,150
ID          680       690        90        87        83    61,200   57,270
IL          560       560        66        67        65    36,960   36,400
IN          260       260        71        73        69    18,460   17,940
KS        7,300     6,600        38        49        50   277,400  330,000
KY          300       340        66        75        77    19,800   26,180
MD          200       165        63        67        67    12,600   11,055
MI          470       520        76        76        74    35,720   38,480

MS           30        20        49        55        52     1,470    1,040
MO          520       470        59        61        56    30,680   26,320
MT        1,570     1,750        50        43        45    78,500   78,750
NE        1,010     1,000        49        50        50    49,490   50,000
NC          370       225        57        54        56    21,090   12,600
ND           70        75        43        46        50     3,010    3,750
OH          450       420        75        69        63    33,750   26,460
OK        2,500     3,000        28        35        37    70,000  111,000
OR          695       710        67        58        57    46,565   40,470
SD          660       720        48        54        52    31,680   37,440

TN          285       225        65        65        67    18,525   15,075
TX        1,750     2,350        32        33        33    56,000   77,550
VA          155       115        60        62        67     9,300    7,705
WA        1,650     1,650        76        68        69   125,400  113,850
WI          200       170        71        71        65    14,200   11,050

OtrSt 1/
            902       849      53.5      51.6      52.4    48,244   44,516

US       24,742    25,214      47.9      50.3      50.5 1,183,9391,274,451

1/ For 2018, Other States include Alabama, Arizona, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,
Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,
Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. For 2019, Other
States include Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York,
Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, and Wyoming. Individual State level
estimates will be published in the
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Durum Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States:
2018 and Forecasted June 1, 2019
[Area harvested for the United States and remaining States will be published in
the

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2019
           2018      2019      2018                          2018     2019
                                        May 1    June 1

            (1,000 acres)                     (bushels)     (1,000 bushels)
AZ           70        39       106       107       102     7,420    3,978
CA           33        38        95       105       105     3,135    3,990
ID           11                  85                           935
MT          775                  30                        23,250
ND        1,075                39.5                        42,463
SD 1/         3      (NA)        28      (NA)      (NA)        84     (NA)

US        1,967                39.3                        77,287

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Wheat Production by Class  United States: 2018 and Forecasted June 1, 2019
[Wheat class estimates are based on the latest available data including both
surveys and administrative data. The previous end-of-year season class
percentages are used throughout the forecast season for States that do not have
survey or administrative data available. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

Crop                                        2018                          2019

                                                                (1,000 bushels)
Winter
Hard red                                 662,249                       794,395
Soft red                                 285,558                       258,302
Hard white                                19,347                        22,399
Soft white                               216,785                       199,355

Spring
Hard red                                 587,007
Hard white                                13,510
Soft white                                22,715
Durum                                     77,287

Total                                  1,884,458

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop  States and United States:
2017-2018 and
Forecasted June 1, 2019
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the
completion of harvest the following year]

                        Utilized prod. boxes 1/Utilized prod. ton equivalent
Crop and State
                         2017-18          18-19          17-18         18-19

                                  (1,000 boxes)                  (1,000 tons)
Oranges
CA 2/                     45,400         49,000          1,816         1,960
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                          35,900         40,000          1,436         1,600
 Valencia                  9,500          9,000            380           360

FL                        45,050         71,400          2,028         3,213
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                          18,950         30,400            853         1,368
 Valencia                 26,100         41,000          1,175         1,845

TX 2/                      1,880          1,875             80            79
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                           1,530          1,300             65            55
 Valencia                    350            575             15            24

US                        92,330        122,275          3,924         5,252
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                          56,380         71,700          2,354         3,023
 Valencia                 35,950         50,575          1,570         2,229

Grapefruit
CA 2/                      4,000          4,000            160           160
FL                         3,880          4,510            165           192
 Red                       3,180          3,740            135           159
 White                       700            770             30            33
TX 2/                      4,800          6,300            192           252

US                        12,680         14,810            517           604

Tangerines and mandarins 4/
CA 2/                     19,200         22,000            768           880
FL                           750            990             36            47

US                        19,950         22,990            804           927

Lemons 2/
AZ                         1,000          1,300             40            52
CA                        21,200         20,000            848           800

US                        22,200         21,300            888           852

1/ Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85;
grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in
California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80.
2/ Estimates for current year carried forward from an earlier forecast.
3/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and
midseason varieties in Florida and Texas.
4/ Includes tangelos and tangors.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Prune Production  States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted June 1, 2019
[Production is for dried basis]

                                                              Total production
State
                                      2018                                2019

                                                                         (tons)
CA                                  80,000                             110,000

US                                  80,000                             110,000

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Tart Cherry Production  States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted June 1,
2019

                                                              Total production
State
                                      2018                                2019

                                                               (million pounds)
MI                                     264                                 208
NY                                    11.9                                 9.4
UT                                    42.8                                40.3
WA                                    23.8                                23.5
WI                                    10.2                                   9

US                                   352.7                               290.2

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Sweet Cherry Production  States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted June 1,
2019

                                                              Total production
State
                                      2018                                2019

                                                                         (tons)
CA                                  36,000                              50,000
MI 1/                               23,900                                (NA)
OR                                  45,000                              62,000
WA                                 215,000                             250,000

US                                 319,900                             362,000

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Estimates discontinued.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Taps, Yield, and Production  States and United States: 2017-2019

               Number of taps           Yield per tap             Production
State
         2017    2018    2019    2017    2018    2019    2017    2018   2019

                 (1,000 taps)               (gallons)         (1,000 gallons)
CT 1/      78      73    (NA)   0.231   0.247    (NA)      18      18   (NA)
IN 1/      70      70    (NA)   0.200   0.257    (NA)      14      18   (NA)
ME      1,900   1,870   1,900   0.376   0.288   0.305     715     539    580
MA 1/     320     320    (NA)   0.263   0.225    (NA)      84      72   (NA)
MI        600     600     620   0.250   0.275   0.315     150     165    195
MN 1/      83      65    (NA)   0.205   0.200    (NA)      17      13   (NA)
NH        570     560     540   0.281   0.291   0.274     160     163    148
NY      2,650   2,730   2,800   0.287   0.295   0.293     760     806    820
OH 1/     420     400    (NA)   0.200   0.225    (NA)      84      90   (NA)
PA        780     670     680   0.212   0.212   0.231     165     142    157

VT      5,900   5,670   6,000   0.339   0.342   0.345   2,000   1,940  2,070
WV 1/      70      66    (NA)   0.157   0.121    (NA)      11       8   (NA)
WI        760     750     800   0.272   0.300   0.338     207     225    270

US     14,201  13,844  13,340   0.309   0.303   0.318   4,385   4,199  4,240

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Price and Value  States and United States: 2017-2019
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                 Average price per gallon                Value of production
State
             2017        2018     2019 1/        2017        2018    2019 1/

                                (dollars)                     (1,000 dollars)
CT 2/       62.20          76        (NA)       1,120       1,368       (NA)
IN 2/       50.20       50.20        (NA)         703         904       (NA)
ME          33.70       40.20                  24,096      21,668
MA 2/       50.20          53        (NA)       4,217       3,816       (NA)
MI          51.20       38.90                   7,680       6,419
MN 2/       66.60       61.60        (NA)       1,132         801       (NA)
NH          43.50       56.10                   6,960       9,144
NY             39       32.40                  29,640      26,114
OH 2/       38.50       45.40        (NA)       3,234       4,086       (NA)
PA          34.30          39                   5,660       5,538

VT             27          28                  54,000      54,320
WV 2/       36.70       44.60        (NA)         404         357       (NA)
WI          31.40       32.40                   6,500       7,290

US          33.10       33.80                 145,346     141,825

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Price and value for 2019 will be published in
2/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Season  States and United States: 2017-2019

                                          Date season         Average season
                    opened 1/               closed 2/              length 3/
State
         2017    2018    2019    2017    2018    2019    2017    2018   2019

                                               (date)                  (days)
CT 4/  Jan 20  Jan 22    (NA)  Apr 25  Apr 30    (NA)      42      43   (NA)
IN 4/   Jan 1  Jan 10    (NA)   Apr 2  Apr 14    (NA)      31      37   (NA)
ME     Jan 16   Feb 1  Jan 15  May 26   May 3  May 10      41      42     31
MA 4/  Jan 10   Feb 2    (NA)  Apr 13  Apr 21    (NA)      42      42   (NA)
MI     Jan 26  Jan 23  Feb 10  Apr 20   May 1  Apr 26      32      41     25
MN 4/  Feb 12   Mar 1    (NA)  Apr 28   May 1    (NA)      30      32   (NA)
NH      Jan 7  Jan 28  Jan 21  Apr 22   May 2  Apr 28      42      43     31
NY      Jan 1  Jan 12   Jan 5   May 4   May 2   May 1      43      52     32
OH 4/   Jan 1  Jan 18    (NA)   Apr 6  Apr 26    (NA)      33      41   (NA)
PA      Jan 2   Jan 7  Jan 10  Apr 17  Apr 28   May 1      39      45     35

VT      Jan 1  Jan 12   Jan 9  May 14   May 3   May 3      46      52     34
WV 4/   Jan 5  Jan 19    (NA)  Apr 10  Apr 10    (NA)      32      37   (NA)
WI      Feb 6  Feb 18   Mar 1  Apr 30   May 2  Apr 30      29      36     24

US       (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)    (NA)      37      42     30

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Approximately the first day that sap was collected.
2/ Approximately the last day that sap was collected.
3/ The average number of days that sap was collected.
4/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Average Open and Close Season Dates  States and United States:
2017-2019

                         Season Opened 1/                   Season Closed 2/
State
             2017        2018        2019        2017        2018       2019

                                                                       (date)
CT 3/      Feb 12      Feb 12        (NA)      Mar 26      Mar 26       (NA)
IN 3/       Feb 9      Feb 10        (NA)      Mar 12      Mar 19       (NA)
ME          Mar 2      Feb 26      Mar 14      Apr 12       Apr 9     Apr 14
MA 3/      Feb 19      Feb 18        (NA)       Apr 2       Apr 1       (NA)
MI         Feb 24      Feb 28      Mar 13      Mar 28      Apr 10      Apr 7
MN 3/       Mar 4      Mar 21        (NA)       Apr 3      Apr 22       (NA)
NH         Feb 24      Feb 24      Mar 10       Apr 7       Apr 8     Apr 10
NY         Feb 18      Feb 18       Mar 6       Apr 2      Apr 11      Apr 7
OH 3/      Feb 11      Feb 14        (NA)      Mar 16      Mar 27       (NA)
PA         Feb 11      Feb 17      Feb 25      Mar 22       Apr 3      Apr 1

VT         Feb 23      Feb 23      Mar 12      Apr 10      Apr 16     Apr 15
WV 3/       Feb 3       Feb 4        (NA)       Mar 7      Mar 14       (NA)
WI          Mar 4      Mar 16      Mar 21       Apr 2      Apr 21     Apr 14

US           (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)        (NA)       (NA)

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Approximate average opened date based on reported data.
2/ Approximate average closed date based on reported data.
3/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Price by Type of Sale and Size of Container  States: 2017 and 2018

             Gallon    1/2 Gallon         Quart          Pint     1/2 Pint
Type and State
        2017   2018   2017   2018   2017   2018   2017   2018   2017  2018

                                                                  (dollars)
Retail
CT     51.60  62.90  32.40     38  20.10  21.40  11.90  13.40   7.30  8.60
IN     40.70     41  23.20  25.50  14.10  14.60   9.10   8.40   5.70  6.20
ME     54.10  53.40  31.10  31.40  17.40  17.50  10.40  10.60   6.10  6.60
MA     48.90  53.80     31  32.60  19.30  19.50  11.40  12.60   7.20     9
MI        47  46.70  26.70  26.50  15.20  15.80   9.30  10.50   6.90  7.10
MN     58.60  50.30  30.50  31.50  16.30  16.90      9   8.30   7.40     7
NH     53.30     57  30.30  32.80  18.40  19.50  10.60  10.70      6  6.75
NY     46.90  42.60  27.50  25.90  17.20  15.90  10.70   9.50   7.80  5.80
OH     40.60  45.60     24  25.20  13.80  15.50      9   9.50   6.10  7.10

PA     41.40  47.20  24.70  26.80  14.20     16   8.20   9.40   5.10  5.60
VT     44.80  45.30  26.60  26.40  16.10  16.70   9.90   9.70   5.90  7.50
WV     44.40  53.90  27.40  29.10  16.40  16.30   8.80  10.70   5.60  6.30
WI     44.80  43.20  23.90  24.90  13.60  14.70   7.80   8.50   5.80  4.80

Wholesale
CT       (D)  53.60    (D)    (D)  15.10  16.60   8.50      8      5  5.40
IN     42.70  32.80    (D)  21.80     11  11.30    (D)   5.30    (S)   (S)
ME     48.40  43.60  24.10  19.70  13.20     13   7.90   7.90   5.20  4.75
MA     44.20  45.20  24.90  25.50  15.10  14.80   8.40   8.10   5.45  5.30
MI        43  43.60  23.40  23.10  12.90  12.60   7.80   7.50   5.10     5
MN     46.90     45    (D)    (S)    (D)  18.80    (D)  10.40    (D)   (D)
NH     44.90  47.30  21.80  26.40  12.80  15.20   7.70   8.25   4.80  6.15
NY        46  37.40     25  23.60  14.10  12.80   9.20   7.90   6.60  4.70
OH     39.50  40.20  22.50  21.40  14.30  13.10   7.70   7.40   6.10  4.40

PA     29.70  29.80  21.90  19.10  13.70     13   7.60   7.70   4.70     4
VT     40.10  38.80  22.20  22.80  12.90  13.50   7.40   7.60   4.40  4.40
WV        50    (D)  26.20  24.60  16.70  14.80   8.50      9   5.40     5
WI     39.40  43.80     23  23.70  11.10  12.90   6.50   6.80   4.10  5.60

(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
(S)  Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Bulk Price  States: 2017 and 2018

                                                             Bulk all grades
State
                   2017              2018              2017             2018

                      (dollars per pound)                (dollars per gallon)
CT                  (D)               (D)               (D)              (D)
IN                    3              3.25             32.90            35.60
ME                 2.26              2.16             24.90            23.80
MA                 2.40              2.60             26.60            28.70
MI                 2.55              2.30             28.20            25.50
MN                 2.50              3.50             27.50            38.40
NH                 2.05              2.15             22.70            23.50
NY                 2.10              2.10             22.90            23.20
OH                 2.20              2.40             24.40            26.55
PA                 2.19              2.16             24.10            23.80

VT                 2.20              2.20             24.20            24.20
WV                 2.70              2.90             29.70            32.20
WI                 2.10              2.10             23.30            23.20

(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Maple Syrup Percent of Sales by Type  States: 2017 and 2018

                       Retail               Wholesale                   Bulk
State
             2017        2018        2017        2018        2017       2018

                                                                            %
CT            (D)          68          41          27         (D)          5
IN             56          86          40           9           4          5
ME              2          19           1          17          97         64
MA             37          40          29          27          34         33
MI             38          39          35          28          27         33
MN             83          55           5          25          12         20
NH             37          54          17          11          46         35
NY             23          25          20           8          57         67
OH             42          46          16          21          42         33
PA             33          44          14          12          53         44

VT              6           9           2           4          92         87
WV             12          23           6          17          82         60
WI             16          19          13          16          71         65

(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                (1,000 acres)
Grains and hay
Barley                     2,543          2,550          1,978
Corn,grain 1/             89,129         92,792         81,740
Corn,silage                 (NA)                         6,113
Hay, all                    (NA)           (NA)         52,839        53,090
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                        16,608
  All other                 (NA)                        36,231
Oats                       2,746          2,555            865
Proso millet                 443                           403
Rice                       2,946          2,870          2,915
Rye                         2011                           273
Sorghum,grain 1/           5,690          5,135          5,061
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                           264
Wheat, all                47,800         45,754         39,605
  Winter                  32,535         31,504         24,742        25,214
  Durum                    2,065          1,420          1,967
  Other spring            13,200         12,830         12,896

Oilseeds
Canola                   1,990.7          1,904        1,943.5
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                     208            345            198
Mustard seed               102.5                          97.5
Peanuts                  1,425.5          1,449        1,368.5
Rapeseed                     5.7                           5.4
Safflower                  167.5                         156.4
Soybeans,beans            89,196         84,617         88,110
Sunflower                  1,301          1,349        1,222.5

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all             14,100.3         13,780       10,205.8
  Upland                  13,850         13,525          9,957
  American Pima            250.3            255          248.8
Sugarbeets               1,113.1        1,120.2        1,095.4
Sugarcane                   (NA)                         899.7
Tobacco                     (NA)           (NA)          291.4           244

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas 2/
                            16.4           (NA)           10.9          (NA)
Chickpeas 3/               859.6            519          842.8
Dry edible beans 3/
                           2,081          1,237         2016.0
Dry edi. peas 2/           856.5            881          807.9
Lentils                      780            555            718
Wrnkld seed peas 2/
                            (NA)           (NA)           (NA)          (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                            55
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)           (NA)          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                          58.5
Potatoes                 1,033.2                       1,023.3
Spearmint oil               (NA)                          20.8
Taro (Hawaii) 4/            (NA)           (NA)            0.3          (NA)

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                       Yield per acre             Production
Crop
                                     2018        2019        2018       2019

                                                          (1,000)
Grains and hay
Barley                bushels        77.4                 153,082
Corn,grain            bushels       176.4              14,420,101
Corn,silage              tons        19.9                 121,361
Hay, all                 tons        2.34                 123,600
  Alfalfa                tons        3.17                  52,634
  All other              tons        1.96                  70,966
Oats                  bushels        64.9                  56,130
Proso millet          bushels        29.8                  11,991
Rice 5/                   cwt       7,692                 224,211
Rye                   bushels        30.9                   8,432
Sorghum,grain         bushels        72.1                 364,986
Sorghum,silage           tons        12.6                   3,326
Wheat, all            bushels        47.6               1,884,458
  Winter              bushels        47.9        50.5   1,183,939  1,274,451
  Durum               bushels        39.3                  77,287
  Other spring        bushels        48.3                 623,232

Oilseeds
Canola                 pounds       1,861               3,616,560
Cottonseed               tons         (X)                   5,631
Flaxseed              bushels        22.6                   4,466
Mustard seed           pounds         750                  73,078
Peanuts                pounds       3,991               5,461,600
Rapeseed               pounds       1,524                   8,230
Safflower              pounds       1,511                 236,380
Soybeans,beans        bushels        51.6               4,543,883
Sunflower              pounds       1,731               2,116,410

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 5/          bales         864                  18,367
  Upland 5/             bales         847                  17,566
  American Pima 5/
                        bales       1,545                     801
Sugarbeets               tons        30.3                  33,145
Sugarcane                tons        38.4                  34,542
Tobacco                pounds       1,830                 533,241

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas 2/ 5/
                          cwt       1,138        (NA)         124       (NA)
Chickpeas, all 3/ 5/
                          cwt       1,512                  12,742
Dry edible beans 3/ 5/
                          cwt       1,860                  37,494
Dry edi. peas 2/ 5/
                          cwt       1,972                  15,929
Lentils 5/                cwt       1,171                   8,408
Wrnkld seed peas 2/
                          cwt        (NA)        (NA)         389       (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                   pounds       1,943               106,906.7
Maple syrup           gallons        (NA)        (NA)       4,199      4,240
Mushrooms              pounds        (NA)                 917,235
Peppermint oil         pounds          92                   5,377
Potatoes                  cwt         444                 454,314
Spearmint oil          pounds         124                   2,571
Taro (Hawaii) 4/       pounds       9,630        (NA)       2,985       (NA)

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included
in dry edible peas.
3/ Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.
4/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
5/ Yield in pounds.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                   (hectares)
Grains and hay
Barley                 1,029,130      1,031,960        800,480
Corn,grain 1/         36,069,620     37,551,990     33,079,360
Corn,silage                 (NA)                     2,473,870
Hay, all 2/                 (NA)           (NA)     21,383,410    21,484,990
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                     6,721,090
  All other                 (NA)                    14,662,320
Oats                   1,111,280      1,033,980        350,060
Proso millet             179,280                       163,090
Rice                   1,192,220      1,161,460      1,179,670
Rye                      813,830                       110,480
Sorghum,grain 1/       2,302,690      2,078,080      2,048,140
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                       106,840
Wheat, all 2/         19,344,180     18,516,190     16,027,750
  Winter              13,166,590     12,749,350     10,012,840    10,203,850
  Durum                  835,680        574,660        796,030
  Other spring         5,341,910      5,192,170      5,218,880

Oilseeds
Canola                   805,620        770,530        786,520
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                  84,180        139,620         80,130
Mustard seed              41,480                        39,460
Peanuts                  576,890        586,400        553,820
Rapeseed                   2,310                         2,190
Safflower                 67,790                        63,290
Soybeans,beans        36,096,730     34,243,650     35,657,240
Sunflower                526,500        545,930        494,730

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/         5,706,250      5,576,630      4,130,190
  Upland               5,604,960      5,473,430      4,029,500
  American Pima          101,290        103,200        100,690
Sugarbeets               450,460        453,330        443,300
Sugarcane                   (NA)                       364,100
Tobacco                     (NA)           (NA)        117,940        98,760

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas 3/
                           6,640           (NA)          4,410          (NA)
Chickpeas 4/             347,870        210,030        341,070
Dry edible beans 4/
                         842,160        500,600        815,860
Dry edi. peas 3/         346,620        356,530        326,950
Lentils                  315,660        224,600        290,570
Wrnkld seed peas 3/
                            (NA)           (NA)           (NA)          (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                        22,270
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)           (NA)          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                        23,670
Potatoes                 418,130                       414,120
Spearmint oil               (NA)                         8,420
Taro (Hawaii) 5/            (NA)           (NA)            130          (NA)

Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                              Yield per hectare                   Production
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                (metric tons)
Grains and hay
Barley                      4.16                     3,332,970
Corn,grain                 11.07                   366,287,440
Corn,silage                44.50                   110,096,850
Hay, all 2/                 5.24                   112,128,030
  Alfalfa                   7.10                    47,748,760
  All other                 4.39                    64,379,270
Oats                        2.33                       814,720
Proso millet                1.67                       271,950
Rice                        8.62                    10,170,040
Rye                         1.94                       214,180
Sorghum,grain               4.53                     9,271,070
Sorghum,silage             28.24                     3,017,300
Wheat, all 2/               3.20                    51,286,540
  Winter                    3.22           3.40     32,221,540    34,684,870
  Durum                     2.64                     2,103,410
  Other spring              3.25                    16,961,600

Oilseeds
Canola                      2.09                     1,640,440
Cottonseed                   (X)                     5,108,360
Flaxseed                    1.42                       113,440
Mustard seed                0.84                        33,150
Peanuts                     4.47                     2,477,340
Rapeseed                    1.71                         3,730
Safflower                   1.69                       107,220
Soybeans,beans              3.47                   123,664,230
Sunflower                   1.94                       959,990

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/              0.97                     3,998,940
  Upland                    0.95                     3,824,550
  American Pima             1.73                       174,400
Sugarbeets                 67.83                    30,068,640
Sugarcane                  86.06                    31,335,980
Tobacco                     2.05                       241,870

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas 3/
                            1.28           (NA)          5,620          (NA)
Chickpeas 4/                1.69                       577,970
Dry edible beans 4/
                            2.08                     1,700,700
Dry edi. peas 3/            2.21                       722,530
Lentils                     1.31                       381,380
Wrnkld seed peas 3/
                            (NA)           (NA)         17,640          (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        2.18                        48,490
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)         21,000        21,200
Mushrooms                   (NA)                       416,050
Peppermint oil              0.10                         2,440
Potatoes                   49.76                    20,607,340
Spearmint oil               0.14                         1,170
Taro (Hawaii) 5/           10.80           (NA)          1,350          (NA)

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Total may not add due to rounding.
3/ Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included
in dry edible peas.
4/ Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.
5/ Estimates discontinued in 2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units  United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                     Production
Crop
                                                       2018                2019


Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                  1,000 tons                  517                 604
Lemons                      1,000 tons                  888                 852
Oranges                     1,000 tons                3,924               5,252
Tangerines and mandarins
                            1,000 tons                  804                 927

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                        million pounds             11,452.2
Apricots                          tons               39,800
Avocados                          tons
Blueberries, Cultivated
                          1,000 pounds
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
                          1,000 pounds
Cherries, Sweet                   tons              319,900             362,000
Cherries, Tart          million pounds                352.7               290.2
Coffee (Hawaii)           1,000 pounds
Cranberries                     barrel            8,634,000

Dates                             tons
Grapes                            tons            7,659,000
Kiwifruit (California)
                                  tons
Nectarines (California)
                                  tons
Olives (California)
                                  tons
Papayas (Hawaii)          1,000 pounds
Peaches                           tons              732,050
Pears                             tons              739,200
Plums (California)
                                  tons
Prunes (California)
                                  tons               80,000             110,000
Raspberries, all          1,000 pounds
Strawberries                 1,000 cwt             31,764.9

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                          1,000 pounds            2,280,000           2,500,000
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                  tons               52,000
Macadamias (Hawaii)
                          1,000 pounds
Pecans, in-shell          1,000 pounds              278,900
Pistachios (California)
                          1,000 pounds
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                  tons              690,000

1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units  United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                    Production
Crop
                                            2018                          2019

                                                                  (metric tons)
Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                               469,010                       547,940
Lemons                                   805,580                       772,920
Oranges                                3,559,790                     4,764,530
Tangerines and mandarins
                                         729,380                       840,960

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                                       5,194,630
Apricots                                  36,110
Avocados
Blueberries, Cultivated
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
Cherries, Sweet                          290,210                       328,400
Cherries, Tart                           159,980                       131,630
Coffee (Hawaii)
Cranberries                              391,630

Dates
Grapes                                 6,948,130
Kiwifruit (California)
Nectarines (California)
Olives (California)
Papayas (Hawaii)
Peaches                                  664,100
Pears                                    670,590
Plums (California)
Prunes (California)
                                          72,570                        99,790
Raspberries, all
Strawberries                           1,440,830

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                                       1,034,190                     1,133,980
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                          47,170
Macadamias (Hawaii)
Pecans, in-shell                         126,510
Pistachios (California)
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                         625,960

1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.
Crop Production: Released June 11, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Winter Wheat Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab  United
States: 2015-2019
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                          June                     July                  August
Year
                                                                      Mature 1/

                                                                               %
2015                        16                       64                      93
2016                        21                       68                      94
2017                        28                       69                      93
2018                        18                       69                      93
2019                         8

1/ Includes winter wheat in the hard dough stage or beyond and are considered
mature or almost mature.

© 2019 CHS Inc.