USDA Crop Production 10/09



Crop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Production Down 1 Percent from September Forecast
Soybean Production Down 1 Percent
Cotton Production Down Less Than 1 Percent
Orange Production Down 11 Percent from Last Season

Corn production for grain is forecast at 14.7 billion bushels, down 1 percent
from the previous forecast but up 8 percent from 2019. Based on conditions as
of October 1, yields are expected to average a record high 178.4 bushels per
harvested acre, down 0.1 bushel from the previous forecast but up
10.9 bushels from last year. Area harvested for grain is forecast at
82.5 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous forecast, but up
1 percent from the previous year. Acreage updates were made in several States
based on a thorough review of all available data.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 4.27 billion bushels,
down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 20 percent from last year.
Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average a record
high 51.9 bushels per harvested acre, unchanged from the previous forecast
but up 4.5 bushels from 2019. Area harvested for beans in the United States
is forecast at 82.3 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous forecast
but up 10 percent from 2019. Acreage updates were made in several States
based on a thorough review of all available data.

All cotton production is forecast at 17.0 million 480-pound bales, down less
than 1 percent from the previous forecast, and down 14 percent from 2019.
Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average
909 pounds per harvested acre, down 1 pound from the previous forecast but up
86 pounds from 2019. Upland cotton production is forecast at 16.5 million
480-pound bales, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and down
14 percent from 2019. Pima cotton production is forecast at 545,000 bales,
down 3 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from 2019. All
cotton area harvested is forecast at 9.01 million acres, unchanged from the
previous forecast, but down 22 percent from 2019.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2020-2021 season is
4.65 million tons, down 11 percent from the 2019-2020 final utilization. The
Florida all orange forecast, at 57.0 million boxes (2.57 million tons),
down 15 percent from last season's final utilization. In Florida, early,
midseason, and Navel varieties are forecast at 23.0 million boxes
(1.04 million tons), down 22 percent from last season's final utilization.
The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 34.0 million boxes
(1.53 million tons), is down 10 percent from last season's final utilization.

The California all orange forecast is 50.5 million boxes (2.02 million tons),
down 5 percent from last season's final utilization. The California Navel
orange forecast is 42.0 million boxes (1.68 million tons), down 5 percent
from last season's final utilization. The California Valencia orange forecast
is 8.50 million boxes (340,000 tons), down 6 percent from last season's final
utilization. The Texas all orange forecast, at 1.50 million boxes
(64,000 tons), is up 12 percent from last season's final utilization.

This report was approved on October 9, 2020.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Bill Northey

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Corn Area Planted for All Purposes and Harvested for Grain, Yield, and
Production  States and United States: 2019 - 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

            Area planted for all purposes           Area harvested for grain
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
AL                  320               340               305               325
AZ                   90                70                37                26
AR                  770               620               735               605
CA                  480               400                60                50
CO                1,550             1,430             1,300             1,160
CT 2/                23                23              (NA)              (NA)
DE                  185               175               180               170
FL                   95               100                54                56
GA                  395               430               350               380
ID                  390               380               150               140

IL               10,500            11,400            10,200            11,200
IN                5,000             5,400             4,820             5,250
IA               13,500            13,700            13,050            12,700
KS                6,400             6,100             6,020             5,750
KY                1,550             1,480             1,450             1,360
LA                  570               500               545               490
ME 2/                29                30              (NA)              (NA)
MD                  510               500               460               455
MA 2/                14                14              (NA)              (NA)
MI                2,000             2,350             1,610             1,980

MN                7,800             8,000             7,250             7,550
MS                  660               510               620               490
MO                3,200             3,450             2,990             3,300
MT                  115               115                60                66
NE               10,100            10,200             9,810             9,830
NV 2/                15                17              (NA)              (NA)
NH 2/                12                13              (NA)              (NA)
NJ                   77                86                68                80
NM                  150               125                48                29
NY                1,020             1,050               545               520

NC                  990             1,000               930               940
ND                3,500             1,950             3,130             1,790
OH                2,800             3,500             2,570             3,300
OK                  370               360               330               320
OR                   85               100                49                53
PA                1,450             1,470             1,060             1,000
RI 2/                 2                 2              (NA)              (NA)
SC                  380               400               350               370
SD                4,350             5,000             3,870             4,560
TN                  970               870               910               820

TX                2,500             2,250             2,150             1,870
UT                   85                90                26                28
VT 2/                81                83              (NA)              (NA)
VA                  540               570               380               410
WA                  175               180                90               105
WV                   52                50                38                35
WI                3,800             4,000             2,670             2,900
WY                   95                95                67                64

US               89,745            90,978            81,337            82,527

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Forecasted.
2/ Area harvested for grain not estimated.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Corn for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States:
2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                     (bushels)     (1,000 bushels)
AL          305       325       147       163       166    44,835    53,950
AR          735       605       175       181       183   128,625   110,715
CA           60        50       168       160       155    10,080     7,750
CO        1,300     1,160       123       117       125   159,900   145,000
DE          180       170       161       170       181    28,980    30,770
GA          350       380       160       181       182    56,000    69,160
ID          150       140       205       205       205    30,750    28,700
IL       10,200    11,200       181       203       200 1,846,200 2,240,000
IN        4,820     5,250       169       186       189   814,580   992,250
IA       13,050    12,700       198       191       186 2,583,900 2,362,200

KS        6,020     5,750       133       136       137   800,660   787,750
KY        1,450     1,360       169       181       181   245,050   246,160
LA          545       490       165       180       184    89,925    90,160
MD          460       455       161       163       155    74,060    70,525
MI        1,610     1,980       147       162       167   236,670   330,660
MN        7,250     7,550       173       200       202 1,254,250 1,525,100
MS          620       490       174       180       181   107,880    88,690
MO        2,990     3,300       155       169       169   463,450   557,700
NE        9,810     9,830       182       188       187 1,785,420 1,838,210
NY          545       520       158       167       167    86,110    86,840

NC          930       940       111       127       117   103,230   109,980
ND        3,130     1,790       131       157       160   410,030   286,400
OH        2,570     3,300       164       172       173   421,480   570,900
OK          330       320       137       135       135    45,210    43,200
PA        1,060     1,000       153       153       157   162,180   157,000
SC          350       370       106       136       136    37,100    50,320
SD        3,870     4,560       144       168       165   557,280   752,400
TN          910       820       177       174       169   161,070   138,580
TX        2,150     1,870       133       138       139   285,950   259,930
VA          380       410       144       132       136    54,720    55,760
WA           90       105       237       240       240    21,330    25,200
WI        2,670     2,900       166       182       186   443,220   539,400

OtrSt 1/
            447       437     156.2     159.3       161    69,803    70,345

US       81,337    82,527     167.5     178.5     178.413,619,92814,721,705

1/ Other States include Arizona, Florida, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico,
Oregon, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will
be published in the
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sorghum Area Planted for All Purpose and Harvested for Grain  States and United
States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
CO                  365               375               310               300
KS                2,600             3,000             2,400             2,760
NE                  200               195               130               135
OK                  300               310               260               255
SD                  250               210               175               100
TX                1,550             1,700             1,400             1,450

US                5,265             5,790             4,675             5,000

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sorghum for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United
States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                     (bushels)     (1,000 bushels)
CO          310       300        41        36        40    12,710    12,000
KS        2,400     2,760        85        85        86   204,000   237,360
NE          130       135        93        93        89    12,090    12,015
OK          260       255        51        44        42    13,260    10,710
SD          175       100        80        86        86    14,000     8,600
TX        1,400     1,450        61        66        62    85,400    89,900

US        4,675     5,000        73      73.9      74.1   341,460   370,585

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States: 2019 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre      Production 1/

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                      (pounds)         (1,000 cwt)
AR        1,126     1,441     7,480     7,500     7,500    84,257   108,075
CA          496       510     8,450     8,700     8,800    41,933    44,880
LA          414       474     6,380     6,800     6,800    26,408    32,232
MS          113       170     7,350     7,400     7,400     8,302    12,580
MO          173       215     7,370     7,500     7,900    12,747    16,985
TX          150       181     7,350     6,500     6,400    11,028    11,584

US        2,472     2,991     7,471     7,529     7,567   184,675   226,336

1/ Includes sweet rice production.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Rice Production by Class  United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020


Year         Long grain      Medium grain    Short grain 1/              All


                                                                  (1,000 cwt)
2019            125,610            56,669             2,396           184,675
2020 2/
                169,962            53,666             2,708           226,336

1/ Sweet rice production included with short grain.
2/ The 2020 rice production by class forecasts are based on class harvested
acreage estimates and the 5-year average class yield compared to the all rice
yield.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Soybeans for Beans Area Planted and Harvested  States and United States: 2019
and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
AL                  265               280               260               275
AR                2,650             2,820             2,610             2,780
DE                  155               150               153               148
GA                  100               100                86                93
IL                9,950            10,300             9,860            10,250
IN                5,400             5,700             5,360             5,680
IA                9,200             9,400             9,120             9,320
KS                4,550             4,800             4,490             4,750
KY                1,700             1,850             1,690             1,840
LA                  890             1,050               860             1,020

MD                  480               490               475               485
MI                1,760             2,200             1,720             2,190
MN                6,850             7,400             6,770             7,330
MS                1,660             2,090             1,630             2,060
MO                5,100             5,850             5,010             5,780
NE                4,900             5,200             4,840             5,150
NJ                   95                95                92                93
NY                  235               310               225               300
NC                1,540             1,600             1,520             1,570
ND                5,600             5,750             5,400             5,700

OH                4,300             4,900             4,270             4,880
OK                  465               560               440               530
PA                  620               610               610               605
SC                  335               310               315               295
SD                3,500             4,950             3,440             4,900
TN                1,400             1,650             1,370             1,620
TX                   80               120                73               105
VA                  570               570               560               560
WI                1,750             2,000             1,690             1,980

US               76,100            83,105            74,939            82,289

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Soybeans for Beans Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United
States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                     (bushels)     (1,000 bushels)
AL          260       275        36        38        41     9,360    11,275
AR        2,610     2,780        49        49        49   127,890   136,220
DE          153       148        47        47        47     7,191     6,956
GA           86        93        29        40        39     2,494     3,627
IL        9,860    10,250        54        62        60   532,440   615,000
IN        5,360     5,680        51        60        60   273,360   340,800
IA        9,120     9,320        55        54        56   501,600   521,920
KS        4,490     4,750      41.5        44        44   186,335   209,000
KY        1,690     1,840        46        55        55    77,740   101,200
LA          860     1,020        48        55        55    41,280    56,100

MD          475       485        44        49        48    20,900    23,280
MI        1,720     2,190      40.5        48        48    69,660   105,120
MN        6,770     7,330        44        52        52   297,880   381,160
MS        1,630     2,060        50        53        53    81,500   109,180
MO        5,010     5,780        46        51        50   230,460   289,000
NE        4,840     5,150      58.5        60        60   283,140   309,000
NJ           92        93        37        41        39     3,404     3,627
NY          225       300        48        49        50    10,800    15,000
NC        1,520     1,570        35        38        38    53,200    59,660
ND        5,400     5,700      31.5        36        34   170,100   193,800

OH        4,270     4,880        49        56        56   209,230   273,280
OK          440       530        29        30        29    12,760    15,370
PA          610       605        49        49        49    29,890    29,645
SC          315       295        26        30        32     8,190     9,440
SD        3,440     4,900      42.5        48        48   146,200   235,200
TN        1,370     1,620        47        50        48    64,390    77,760
TX           73       105        28        37        42     2,044     4,410
VA          560       560        34        39        41    19,040    22,960
WI        1,690     1,980        47        54        55    79,430   108,900

US       74,939    82,289      47.4      51.9      51.9 3,551,908 4,267,890

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sunflower Area Planted and Harvested by Type  States and United States: 2019
and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

Varietal type                Area planted                     Area harvested
and State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
Oil
CA                   49                41                49              40.5
CO                   47                41                44                37
KS                   37                54                35                51
MN                   53                68                51                66
NE                   28                40                26                38
ND                  470               640               440               620
SD                  485               570               460               545
TX                   28                29                26                27

US                1,197             1,483             1,131           1,424.5

Non-oil
CA                  1.6                 2               1.6                 2
CO                   12                18                11                16
KS                    8                20               7.3                18
MN                    5               5.5               4.6                 5
NE                    9                10               8.5                 9
ND                   65                80                54                76
SD                   48                52                31                48
TX                    5                28               4.5                24

US                153.6             215.5             122.5               198

All
CA                 50.6                43              50.6              42.5
CO                   59                59                55                53
KS                   45                74              42.3                69
MN                   58              73.5              55.6                71
NE                   37                50              34.5                47
ND                  535               720               494               696
SD                  533               622               491               593
TX                   33                57              30.5                51

US              1,350.6           1,698.5           1,253.5           1,622.5

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sunflower Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type  States and United
States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

Varietal type  Area harvested          Yield per acre             Production
and State
             2019        2020        2019     2020 1/        2019    2020 1/

                (1,000 acres)                (pounds)          (1,000 pounds)
Oil
CA             49        40.5       1,400                  68,600
CO             44          37       1,000                  44,000
KS             35          51       1,400                  49,000
MN             51          66       1,850                  94,350
NE             26          38       1,300                  33,800
ND            440         620       1,500                 660,000
SD            460         545       1,700                 782,000
TX             26          27       1,300                  33,800

US          1,131     1,424.5       1,561               1,765,550

Non-oil
CA            1.6           2       1,300                   2,080
CO             11          16       1,400                  15,400
KS            7.3          18       1,250                   9,125
MN            4.6           5       1,800                   8,280
NE            8.5           9       1,300                  11,050
ND             54          76       1,650                  89,100
SD             31          48       1,600                  49,600
TX            4.5          24       1,300                   5,850

US          122.5         198       1,555                 190,485

All
CA           50.6        42.5       1,397       1,334      70,680      56,675
CO             55          53       1,080       1,221      59,400      64,700
KS           42.3          69       1,374       1,467      58,125     101,250
MN           55.6          71       1,846       1,696     102,630     120,450
NE           34.5          47       1,300       1,450      44,850      68,140
ND            494         696       1,516       1,761     749,100   1,225,600
SD            491         593       1,694       1,867     831,600   1,107,300
TX           30.5          51       1,300       1,235      39,650      63,000

US        1,253.5     1,622.5       1,560       1,730   1,956,035   2,807,115

1/ 2020 yield and production estimates for oil and non-oil varieties will be
published in the
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Peanut Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United
States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019             2020

                                                                (1,000 acres)
AL                  160               185               156               182
AR                   34                40                33                39
FL                  165               175               155               165
GA                  675               810               660               800
MS                   20                23                19                22
NM                  4.7               6.2               4.7               6.2
NC                  104               107               102               105
OK                   15                16                14                15
SC                   65                85                62                82
TX                  165               190               160               180
VA                   25                28                24                27

US              1,432.7           1,665.2           1,389.7           1,623.2

                                             Yield per acre       Production
State
                                                       2020
                   2019                                                 2019
                              September 1         October 1

                                                   (pounds)    (1,000 pounds)
AL                3,350             4,100             3,900           522,600
AR                5,200             4,900             4,900           171,600
FL                3,800             4,200             4,000           589,000
GA                4,170             4,500             4,500         2,752,200
MS                4,000             4,500             4,500            76,000
NM                3,210             3,100             3,100            15,087
NC                4,400             4,200             4,300           448,800
OK                4,000             3,600             3,600            56,000
SC                3,800             3,800             3,800           235,600
TX                3,050             2,900             2,700           488,000
VA                4,650             4,300             4,200           111,600

US                3,934             4,185             4,125         5,466,487

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Canola Area Planted and Harvested  States and United States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
KS                   29                 5                19                 3
MN                   51                50              48.5                48
MT                  150               155               138               145
ND                1,700             1,540             1,610             1,520
OK                   35                12                21                 8
WA                   75                90                73                88

US                2,040             1,852           1,909.5             1,812

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Canola Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States: 2019
and Forecasted October 1, 2020

State          Area harvested          Yield per acre             Production

             2019        2020        2019        2020        2019       2020

                (1,000 acres)                (pounds)          (1,000 pounds)
KS             19           3       1,090       1,910      20,710       5,730
MN           48.5          48       2,270       1,400     110,095      67,200
MT            138         145       1,450       1,500     200,100     217,500
ND          1,610       1,520       1,800       1,770   2,898,000   2,690,400
OK             21           8       1,410       1,530      29,610      12,240
WA             73          88       1,950       2,200     142,350     193,600

US        1,909.5       1,812       1,781       1,759   3,400,865   3,186,670

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type  States and United States:
2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre      Production 1/

Type and State                                     2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                      (pounds)    (1,000 bales) 2/
Upland
AL          532       445       928       976       960     1,028       890
AZ          158       123     1,154     1,366     1,366       380       350
AR          610       520     1,185     1,200     1,200     1,506     1,300
CA           53        40     1,576     1,620     1,620       174       135
FL          110        98       895       882       833       205       170
GA        1,380     1,190       953       932       968     2,740     2,400
KS          151       195       890       788       788       280       320
LA          270       165     1,035     1,105     1,047       582       360
MS          700       525     1,112     1,179     1,198     1,621     1,310
MO          368       287     1,193     1,204     1,171       915       700

NM           45        35       821     1,029       891        77        65
NC          500       340       998       847       833     1,040       590
OK          460       460       688       939       762       659       730
SC          295       185       809       856       804       497       310
TN          405       275     1,138     1,135     1,065       960       610
TX        5,250     3,850       578       736       761     6,320     6,100
VA          102        79     1,144       972       972       243       160

US       11,389     8,812       810       899       899    19,227    16,500

American Pima
AZ          7.5       6.5       800     1,108     1,108      12.5        15
CA          201       146     1,545     1,529     1,463       647       445
NM            5      10.8       864       889     1,111         9        25
TX           10        30       816       944       960        17        60

US        223.5     193.3     1,472     1,388     1,353     685.5       545

All
AL          532       445       928       976       960     1,028       890
AZ        165.5     129.5     1,138     1,353     1,353     392.5       365
AR          610       520     1,185     1,200     1,200     1,506     1,300
CA          254       186     1,551     1,548     1,497       821       580
FL          110        98       895       882       833       205       170
GA        1,380     1,190       953       932       968     2,740     2,400
KS          151       195       890       788       788       280       320
LA          270       165     1,035     1,105     1,047       582       360
MS          700       525     1,112     1,179     1,198     1,621     1,310
MO          368       287     1,193     1,204     1,171       915       700

NM           50      45.8       826       996       943        86        90
NC          500       340       998       847       833     1,040       590
OK          460       460       688       939       762       659       730
SC          295       185       809       856       804       497       310
TN          405       275     1,138     1,135     1,065       960       610
TX        5,260     3,880       578       737       762     6,337     6,160
VA          102        79     1,144       972       972       243       160

US     11,612.5   9,005.3       823       910       909  19,912.5    17,045

1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Cottonseed Production  United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

                                                                    Production
State
                                      2019                             2020 1/

                                                                   (1,000 tons)
US                                   5,945                                5,213

1/  Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Alfalfa and Alfalfa Mixtures for Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production 
States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

               Area harvested          Yield per acre             Production
State
             2019        2020        2019        2020        2019       2020

                (1,000 acres)                  (tons)            (1,000 tons)
AZ            280         270        8.30        8.60       2,324       2,322
CA            580         435        7.10        6.70       4,118       2,915
CO            730         710        3.70        3.50       2,701       2,485
ID          1,010       1,010        4.40        4.40       4,444       4,444
IL            200         240        3.50        3.20         700         768
IN            220         220           3        3.20         660         704
IA            700         730        3.40        3.70       2,380       2,701
KS            630         530           4        3.20       2,520       1,696
KY            145         140        3.20           3         464         420
MI            550         550        2.50        2.50       1,375       1,375

MN            730         740        3.10        3.20       2,263       2,368
MO            260         230        2.70        2.80         702         644
MT          2,100       1,900        2.15        2.40       4,515       4,560
NE            950         970        3.80        3.90       3,610       3,783
NV            225         175        4.90        4.60       1,103         805
NM            160         155        4.90        4.40         784         682
NY            290         280        2.20           2         638         560
ND          1,220       1,450        1.80        1.60       2,196       2,320
OH            330         320        2.90        2.70         957         864
OK            205         220           3           3         615         660

OR            400         370        4.70        4.80       1,880       1,776
PA            290         295           3        3.10         870         915
SD          1,900       1,850        2.35        2.20       4,465       4,070
TX            120         110        4.80        3.90         576         429
UT            510         520        4.30        4.10       2,193       2,132
VA             45          40           3        3.40         135         136
WA            330         400        4.60        4.60       1,518       1,840
WI            880         740        2.40        2.80       2,112       2,072
WY            620         610        2.70        2.90       1,674       1,769

OtrSt 1/
              133         142        2.88        2.89         383         410

US         16,743      16,352        3.28        3.22      54,875      52,625

1/  Other States include Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland,
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Rhode Island,
Tennessee, Vermont, and West Virginia. Individual State level estimates will be
published in the
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
All Other Hay Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States:
2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

               Area harvested          Yield per acre             Production
State
             2019        2020        2019        2020        2019       2020

                (1,000 acres)                  (tons)            (1,000 tons)
AL 1/         700         720        2.50           3       1,750       2,160
AR          1,250       1,340        2.20        1.90       2,750       2,546
CA            430         390        3.90        4.20       1,677       1,638
CO            730         700        1.85        1.70       1,351       1,190
GA 1/         560         610        2.75           3       1,540       1,830
ID            290         290        2.30        2.60         667         754
IL            220         250           2        2.40         440         600
IN            300         280        2.10           2         630         560
IA            320         330        2.30        2.60         736         858
KS          1,650       2,200        2.30        1.80       3,795       3,960

KY          1,800       1,800        2.20        2.70       3,960       4,860
LA 1/         390         380        2.50        2.70         975       1,026
MI            230         230        2.10        1.30         483         299
MN            370         360        1.90        1.60         703         576
MS 1/         610         620        2.30        2.20       1,403       1,364
MO          3,100       3,000        2.15        2.10       6,665       6,300
MT            900         950        1.90        1.80       1,710       1,710
NE          1,500       1,700        1.65        1.30       2,475       2,210
NY            890         800        1.80        1.50       1,602       1,200
NC            810         770        2.30        2.40       1,863       1,848

ND          1,200       1,050        1.60        1.60       1,920       1,680
OH            590         580           2        1.90       1,180       1,102
OK          2,800       2,700        1.90        1.70       5,320       4,590
OR            570         600        2.60        2.60       1,482       1,560
PA            920         900        2.30        1.80       2,116       1,620
SD          1,450       1,500        1.75        1.60       2,538       2,400
TN          1,750       1,800        2.30        2.15       4,025       3,870
TX          4,800       4,700        1.80        2.30       8,640      10,810
VA          1,100       1,130        2.20        2.35       2,420       2,656
WA            310         300           3        2.80         930         840

WV            500         510        1.70        1.90         850         969
WI            420         330        1.60        1.90         672         627
WY            530         510        1.55        1.80         822         918

OtrSt 2/
            1,692       1,699        2.30        2.31       3,899       3,922

US         35,682      36,029        2.07        2.08      73,989      75,053

1/ Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures included in all other hay.
2/ Other States include Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Maine,
Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Rhode
Island, South Carolina, Utah, and Vermont. Individual State level estimates will
be published in the
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sugarbeet Area Planted and Harvested  States and United States: 2019 and 2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
CA                 24.5                24              24.5              23.9
CO                 25.1              24.5              24.4                24
ID                  171               174               165               172
MI                  146               157               145               154
MN                  424               432               336               425
MT                 41.8              43.5              36.5              43.3
NE                   44              46.3              42.1              45.8
ND                  212               221               170               219
OR                   10                10               9.8               9.4
WA                    2               1.9                 2               1.9
WY                 31.6                31                24              30.2

US                1,132           1,165.2             979.3           1,148.5

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sugarbeet Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States: 2019
and Forecasted October 1, 2020
[Relates to year of intended harvest in all States except California]

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                        (tons)        (1,000 tons)
CA 1/      24.5      23.9      44.1      45.3      45.3     1,080     1,083
CO         24.4        24      30.7      32.9      32.9       749       790
ID          165       172        39      40.2      40.2     6,435     6,914
MI          145       154      28.6      29.4      29.2     4,147     4,497
MN          336       425        25      28.4      28.4     8,400    12,070
MT         36.5      43.3      31.6      33.3      33.5     1,153     1,451
NE         42.1      45.8      25.4      30.6      30.6     1,069     1,401
ND          170       219        26      28.4      28.4     4,420     6,220
OR          9.8       9.4      38.5        40      40.2       377       378
WA            2       1.9      45.4      47.3      47.5        91        90
WY           24      30.2      28.3      30.5      30.5       679       921

US        979.3   1,148.5      29.2      31.2      31.2    28,600    35,815

1/ Relates to year of planting for overwintered beets in southern California.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sugarcane for Sugar and Seed Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and
United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested             Yield per acre 1/      Production 1/

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

            (1,000 acres)                        (tons)        (1,000 tons)
FL        410.7       413        43      43.6      43.9    17,644    18,131
LA          469       484      28.1      30.9      30.5    13,161    14,762
TX         33.5      35.3      33.8      33.3      33.7     1,132     1,190

US        913.2     932.3        35      36.6      36.6    31,937    34,083

1/ Net tons.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Dry Edible Bean Area Planted and Harvested  States and United States: 2019 and
2020
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published. Excludes
beans grown for garden seed and chickpeas]

                             Area planted                     Area harvested
State
                   2019              2020              2019          2020 1/

                                                                (1,000 acres)
CA                 27.4                26              27.4                26
CO                   37                58              33.8                54
ID                   47                70                45                68
MI                  185               260               180               257
MN                  210               275               201               263
NE                  120               165                97               149
ND                  615               820               550               800
WA                   25                41                25                40
WY                   21                28              17.3                26

US              1,287.4             1,743           1,176.5             1,683

1/ Forecasted.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Dry Edible Bean Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United
States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020
[Excludes beans grown for garden seed and chickpeas]

               Area harvested       Yield per acre 1/          Production 1/
State
             2019        2020        2019        2020        2019       2020

                (1,000 acres)                (pounds)             (1,000 cwt)
CA           27.4          26       2,660       2,400         729         624
CO           33.8          54       1,840        2020         623       1,091
ID             45          68       2,370       2,450       1,067       1,666
MI            180         257       2,030       2,350       3,662       6,040
MN            201         263       2,040       2,220       4,101       5,839
NE             97         149       1,940       2,340       1,883       3,487
ND            550         800       1,400       1,820       7,691      14,560
WA             25          40       2,660       2,600         665       1,040
WY           17.3          26       2,250       2,450         390         637

US        1,176.5       1,683       1,769       2,079      20,811      34,984

1/ Clean basis.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production  States and United States: 2019
and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

                  (acres)                      (pounds)      (1,000 pounds)
GA        9,000     7,200     2,100     2,300     2,300    18,900    16,560
KY       57,400    50,200     2,150     1,967     2,156   123,390   108,210
NC      117,400   102,300     1,999     1,700     1,800   234,700   184,095
PA        5,700     4,900     2,509     2,400     2,582    14,300    12,650
SC        8,300     6,000     1,900     1,500     1,600    15,770     9,600
TN       13,300    12,200     2,292     2,453     2,474    30,490    30,180
VA       16,020    12,650     1,898     2,178     2,078    30,406    26,290

US      227,120   195,450     2,060     1,880     1,983   467,956   387,585

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type  States and
United States: 2019 and Forecasted October 1, 2020

           Area harvested                Yield per acre         Production

Class, type, and State                                              2020
           2019      2020      2019                          2019     2020
                                  September 1 October 1

                  (acres)                      (pounds)      (1,000 pounds)
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)
GA        9,000     7,200     2,100     2,300     2,300    18,900    16,560
NC      117,000   102,000     2,000     1,700     1,800   234,000   183,600
SC        8,300     6,000     1,900     1,500     1,600    15,770     9,600
VA       15,000    12,000     1,900     2,200     2,100    28,500    25,200

US      149,300   127,200     1,990     1,772     1,847   297,170   234,960

Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)
KY        9,500     8,000     2,900     2,900     3,000    27,550    24,000
TN        6,300     5,700     2,800     2,950     3,000    17,640    17,100
VA          320       250     1,800     1,900     1,800       576       450

US       16,120    13,950     2,839     2,903     2,978    45,766    41,550

Class 3A, Light air-cured
Type 31, Burley
  KY     41,000    36,000     1,900     1,700     1,900    77,900    68,400
  NC        400       300     1,750     1,650     1,650       700       495
  PA      2,500     2,200     2,600     2,400     2,700     6,500     5,940
  TN      4,000     2,800     1,600     1,450     1,500     6,400     4,200
  VA        700       400     1,900     1,700     1,600     1,330       640

  US     48,600    41,700     1,910     1,717     1,911    92,830    79,675

Type 32, Southern Maryland Belt
  PA      1,000       400     2,300     2,400     2,400     2,300       960

  US      1,000       400     2,300     2,400     2,400     2,300       960

Total light air-cured (31-32)
         49,600    42,100     1,918     1,723     1,915    95,130    80,635

Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)
KY        6,900     6,200     2,600     2,300     2,550    17,940    15,810
TN        3,000     3,700     2,150     2,500     2,400     6,450     8,880

US        9,900     9,900     2,464     2,373     2,494    24,390    24,690

Class 4, Cigar filler
Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf
  PA      2,200     2,300     2,500     2,400     2,500     5,500     5,750

  US      2,200     2,300     2,500     2,400     2,500     5,500     5,750

All tobacco
US      227,120   195,450     2,060     1,880     1,983   467,956   387,585

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop  States and United States:
2019-2020 and
Forecasted October 1, 2020
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the
completion of harvest the following year]

                        Utilized prod. boxes 1/Utilized prod. ton equivalent
Crop and State
                         2019-20          20-21          19-20         20-21

                                  (1,000 boxes)                  (1,000 tons)
Oranges
CA                        53,300         50,500          2,132           2020
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          44,300         42,000          1,772          1,680
 Valencia                  9,000          8,500            360            340

FL                        67,300         57,000          3,028          2,565
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          29,650         23,000          1,334          1,035
 Valencia                 37,650         34,000          1,694          1,530

TX                         1,340          1,500             57             64
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                           1,150          1,300             49             55
 Valencia                    190            200              8              9

US                       121,940        109,000          5,217          4,649
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/
                          75,100         66,300          3,155          2,770
 Valencia                 46,840         42,700          2,062          1,879

Grapefruit
CA                         3,800          3,800            152            152
FL                         4,850          4,500            207            191
 Red 3/                    4,060           (NA)            173           (NA)
 White 3/                    790           (NA)             34           (NA)
TX                         4,400          4,900            176            196

US                        13,050         13,200            535            539

Tangerines and mandarins 4/
CA                        22,000         23,000            880            920
FL                         1,020          1,100             48             52

US                        23,020         24,100            928            972

Lemons
AZ                         1,800          1,300             72             52
CA                        25,700         22,000          1,028            880

US                        27,500         23,300          1,100            932

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85;
grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in
California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80.
2/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and
midseason varieties in Florida and Texas.
3/ Estimates discontinued in 2020-2021.
4/ Includes tangelos and tangors.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Pecan Production by Variety  States and United States: 2019 and Forecasted
October 1, 2020

                                          Utilized production (in-shell basis)
State and variety
                                      2019                                2020

                                                                 (1,000 pounds)
AZ                                  36,100                               37,000
 Improved
                                    36,100                               37,000

GA                                  73,000                              125,000
 Improved
                                    73,000                              125,000

NM                                  87,800                               86,000
 Improved
                                    87,800                               86,000

OK                                  21,200                                9,000
 Improved
                                     4,240                                1,890
 Native and seedling
                                    16,960                                7,110

TX                                  37,500                               35,000
 Improved
                                    30,000                               27,000
 Native and seedling
                                     7,500                                8,000

US                                 255,600                              292,000
 Improved
                                   231,140                              276,890
 Native and seedling
                                    24,460                               15,110

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2019 and 2020
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2019           2020           2019          2020

                                                                (1,000 acres)
Grains and hay
Barley                     2,772          2,621          2,221          2,133
Corn,grain 1/             89,745         90,978         81,337         82,527
Corn,silage                 (NA)                         6,615
Hay, all                    (NA)           (NA)         52,425         52,381
  Alfalfa                   (NA)           (NA)         16,743         16,352
  All other                 (NA)           (NA)         35,682         36,029
Oats                       2,830          2,984            828          1,004
Proso millet                 506            511            465
Rice                       2,540          3,037          2,472          2,991
Rye                        1,855          1,955            310            330
Sorghum,grain 1/           5,265          5,790          4,675          5,000
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                           339
Wheat, all                45,485         44,349         37,394         36,746
  Winter                  31,474         30,415         24,592         23,024
  Durum                    1,341          1,684          1,177          1,662
  Other spring            12,670         12,250         11,625         12,060

Oilseeds
Canola                     2,040          1,852        1,909.5          1,812
Cottonseed                   (X)            (X)            (X)            (X)
Flaxseed                     374            355            319            328
Mustard seed                  98             98             90             93
Peanuts                  1,432.7        1,665.2        1,389.7        1,623.2
Rapeseed                    11.3           12.5           10.4           11.8
Safflower                  165.8            145          152.7          137.5
Soybeans,beans            76,100         83,105         74,939         82,289
Sunflower                1,350.6        1,698.5        1,253.5        1,622.5

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all             13,735.7       12,115.5       11,612.5        9,005.3
  Upland                  13,507         11,915         11,389          8,812
  American Pima            228.7          200.5          223.5          193.3
Sugarbeets                 1,132        1,165.2          979.3        1,148.5
Sugarcane                   (NA)           (NA)          913.2          932.3
Tobacco                     (NA)           (NA)          227.1          195.5

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                  451.4            254            404          249.2
Dry edible beans         1,287.4          1,743        1,176.5          1,683
Dry edi. peas              1,103            999          1,052            949
Lentils                      486            518            431            486

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)           (NA)           56.5           59.2
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)           (NA)           (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)           (NA)           (NA)           (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                          52.4
Potatoes                   963.3            921          937.3          910.3
Spearmint oil               (NA)                          18.5

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                       Yield per acre             Production
Crop
                                     2019        2020        2019       2020

                                                          (1,000)
Grains and hay
Barley                bushels        77.7        77.5     172,499     165,324
Corn,grain            bushels       167.5       178.4  13,619,928  14,721,705
Corn,silage              tons        20.2                 133,522
Hay, all                 tons        2.46        2.44     128,864     127,678
  Alfalfa                tons        3.28        3.22      54,875      52,625
  All other              tons        2.07        2.08      73,989      75,053
Oats                  bushels        64.3        65.1      53,258      65,355
Proso millet          bushels        35.7                  16,608
Rice 2/                   cwt       7,471       7,567     184,675     226,336
Rye                   bushels        34.3        34.9      10,622      11,532
Sorghum,grain         bushels          73        74.1     341,460     370,585
Sorghum,silage           tons        11.9                   4,019
Wheat, all            bushels        51.7        49.7   1,932,017   1,825,820
  Winter              bushels        53.6        50.9   1,316,963   1,171,022
  Durum               bushels        45.7        41.4      53,959      68,808
  Other spring        bushels        48.2        48.6     561,095     585,990

Oilseeds
Canola                 pounds       1,781       1,759   3,400,865   3,186,670
Cottonseed               tons         (X)         (X)       5,945       5,213
Flaxseed              bushels          20                   6,395
Mustard seed           pounds         706                  63,580
Peanuts                pounds       3,934       4,125   5,466,487   6,695,620
Rapeseed               pounds       2,160                  22,464
Safflower              pounds       1,272                 194,295
Soybeans,beans        bushels        47.4        51.9   3,551,908   4,267,890
Sunflower              pounds       1,560       1,730   1,956,035   2,807,115

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/          bales         823         909    19,912.5      17,045
  Upland 2/             bales         810         899      19,227      16,500
  American Pima 2/
                        bales       1,472       1,353       685.5         545
Sugarbeets               tons        29.2        31.2      28,600      35,815
Sugarcane                tons          35        36.6      31,937      34,083
Tobacco                pounds       2,060       1,983     467,956     387,585

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas 2/              cwt       1,544       1,561       6,237       3,889
Dry edible beans 2/
                          cwt       1,769       2,079      20,811      34,984
Dry edi. peas 2/          cwt       2,124       1,953      22,346      18,534
Lentils 2/                cwt       1,250       1,338       5,388       6,504

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                   pounds       1,981       1,982   112,041.2     117,229
Maple syrup           gallons        (NA)        (NA)       4,180       4,372
Mushrooms              pounds        (NA)        (NA)     831,724     816,367
Peppermint oil         pounds         104                   5,452
Potatoes                  cwt         453                 424,419
Spearmint oil          pounds         130                   2,413

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Yield in pounds.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2019 and 2020
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2019           2020           2019          2020

                                                                   (hectares)
Grains and hay
Barley                 1,121,800      1,060,690        898,820        863,200
Corn,grain 1/         36,318,900     36,817,890     32,916,270     33,397,850
Corn,silage                 (NA)                     2,677,020
Hay, all 2/                 (NA)           (NA)     21,215,870     21,198,070
  Alfalfa                   (NA)           (NA)      6,775,720      6,617,490
  All other                 (NA)           (NA)     14,440,150     14,580,580
Oats                   1,145,270      1,207,590        335,080        406,310
Proso millet             204,770        206,800        188,180
Rice                   1,027,910      1,229,040      1,000,390      1,210,430
Rye                      750,700        791,170        125,450        133,550
Sorghum,grain 1/       2,130,690      2,343,160      1,891,930      2,023,450
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                       137,190
Wheat, all 2/         18,407,320     17,947,600     15,132,980     14,870,740
  Winter              12,737,210     12,308,650      9,952,140      9,317,580
  Durum                  542,690        681,500        476,320        672,590
  Other spring         5,127,420      4,957,450      4,704,520      4,880,560

Oilseeds
Canola                   825,570        749,490        772,760        733,300
Cottonseed                   (X)            (X)            (X)            (X)
Flaxseed                 151,350        143,660        129,100        132,740
Mustard seed              39,660         39,660         36,420         37,640
Peanuts                  579,800        673,890        562,400        656,890
Rapeseed                   4,570          5,060          4,210          4,780
Safflower                 67,100         58,680         61,800         55,640
Soybeans,beans        30,796,910     33,631,760     30,327,060     33,301,540
Sunflower                546,570        687,370        507,280        656,610

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/         5,558,700      4,903,020      4,699,460      3,644,350
  Upland               5,466,150      4,821,880      4,609,010      3,566,130
  American Pima           92,550         81,140         90,450         78,230
Sugarbeets               458,100        471,540        396,310        464,780
Sugarcane                   (NA)           (NA)        369,560        377,290
Tobacco                     (NA)           (NA)         91,910         79,100

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                182,680        102,790        163,490        100,850
Dry edible beans         521,000        705,370        476,120        681,090
Dry edi. peas            446,370        404,290        425,730        384,050
Lentils                  196,680        209,630        174,420        196,680

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)           (NA)         22,880         23,940
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)           (NA)           (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)           (NA)           (NA)           (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                        21,210
Potatoes                 389,830        372,720        379,310        368,390
Spearmint oil               (NA)                         7,490

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2019 and 2020 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2020 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                              Yield per hectare                   Production
Crop
                            2019           2020           2019          2020

                                                                (metric tons)
Grains and hay
Barley                      4.18           4.17      3,755,720      3,599,510
Corn,grain                 10.51          11.20    345,962,110    373,948,530
Corn,silage                45.25                   121,129,120
Hay, all 2/                 5.51           5.46    116,903,450    115,827,530
  Alfalfa                   7.35           7.21     49,781,760     47,740,600
  All other                 4.65           4.67     67,121,690     68,086,940
Oats                        2.31           2.33        773,040        948,630
Proso millet                   2                       376,660
Rice                        8.37           8.48      8,376,720     10,266,430
Rye                         2.15           2.19        269,810        292,930
Sorghum,grain               4.58           4.65      8,673,480      9,413,290
Sorghum,silage             26.58                     3,645,980
Wheat, all 2/               3.47           3.34     52,580,890     49,690,680
  Winter                    3.60           3.42     35,841,860     31,870,000
  Durum                     3.08           2.78      1,468,520      1,872,650
  Other spring              3.25           3.27     15,270,500     15,948,030

Oilseeds
Canola                         2           1.97      1,542,610      1,445,450
Cottonseed                   (X)            (X)      5,393,210      4,729,150
Flaxseed                    1.26                       162,440
Mustard seed                0.79                        28,840
Peanuts                     4.41           4.62      2,479,560      3,037,080
Rapeseed                    2.42                        10,190
Safflower                   1.43                        88,130
Soybeans,beans              3.19           3.49     96,667,090    116,152,930
Sunflower                   1.75           1.94        887,240      1,273,290

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/              0.92           1.02      4,335,440      3,711,110
  Upland                    0.91           1.01      4,186,190      3,592,450
  American Pima             1.65           1.52        149,250        118,660
Sugarbeets                 65.47          69.90     25,945,480     32,490,820
Sugarcane                  78.40          81.95     28,972,760     30,919,580
Tobacco                     2.31           2.22        212,260        175,810

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Chickpeas                   1.73           1.75        282,910        176,400
Dry edible beans            1.98           2.33        943,970      1,586,850
Dry edi. peas               2.38           2.19      1,013,600        840,690
Lentils                     1.40           1.50        244,400        295,020

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        2.22           2.22         50,820         53,170
Maple syrup                 (NA)           (NA)         20,900         21,860
Mushrooms                   (NA)           (NA)        377,260        370,300
Peppermint oil              0.12                         2,470
Potatoes                   50.75                    19,251,320
Spearmint oil               0.15                         1,090

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Total may not add due to rounding.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units  United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                     Production
Crop
                                                       2020                2021

Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                  1,000 tons                  535                 539
Lemons                      1,000 tons                1,100                 932
Oranges                     1,000 tons                5,217               4,649
Tangerines and mandarins
                            1,000 tons                  928                 972

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                        million pounds               10,650
Apricots                          tons               34,800
Avocados                          tons
Blueberries, Cultivated
                          1,000 pounds
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
                          1,000 pounds
Cherries, Sweet                   tons              334,000
Cherries, Tart          million pounds                  197
Coffee (Hawaii)           1,000 pounds
Cranberries                     barrel            8,970,000

Dates                             tons
Grapes                            tons            7,180,000
Kiwifruit (California)
                                  tons
Nectarines (California)
                                  tons
Olives (California)
                                  tons
Papayas (Hawaii)          1,000 pounds
Peaches                           tons              645,500
Pears                             tons              800,000
Plums (California)
                                  tons
Prunes (California)
                                  tons
Raspberries, all          1,000 pounds
Strawberries                 1,000 cwt

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                          1,000 pounds            3,000,000
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                  tons               71,000
Macadamias (Hawaii)
                          1,000 pounds
Pecans, in-shell          1,000 pounds              292,000
Pistachios (California)
                          1,000 pounds
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                  tons              780,000

1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units  United States: 2020 and 2021
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2021 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2020-2021 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                    Production
Crop
                                            2020                          2021

                                                                  (metric tons)
Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                               485,340                        488,970
Lemons                                   997,900                        845,500
Oranges                                4,732,780                      4,217,500
Tangerines and mandarins
                                         841,870                        881,780

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                                       4,830,760
Apricots                                  31,570
Avocados
Blueberries, Cultivated
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
Cherries, Sweet                          303,000
Cherries, Tart                            89,360
Coffee (Hawaii)
Cranberries                              406,870

Dates
Grapes                                 6,513,590
Kiwifruit (California)
Nectarines (California)
Olives (California)
Papayas (Hawaii)
Peaches                                  585,590
Pears                                    725,750
Plums (California)
Prunes (California)
Raspberries, all
Strawberries

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                                       1,360,780
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                          64,410
Macadamias (Hawaii)
Pecans, in-shell                         132,450
Pistachios (California)
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                         707,600

1/ Production years are 2019-2020 and 2020-2021.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre  Selected States: 2016-2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

State                               State
and month 2016  2017  2018  2019  2020 and month  2016  2017  2018  2019 2020

                                                         (number)
IL                                  Nebraska
Sep  31,10030,80032,00031,10030,600 All corn
Oct  31,10030,90032,00030,95030,400  September25,90025,95027,10025,85027,450
Nov  31,10030,95032,00030,900        October25,95025,80026,75025,85027,450
Final31,10030,95032,00030,900        November26,00025,70026,75025,700
                                    Final26,00025,70026,75025,700
IN
Sep  30,20029,55030,45029,30029,850 Irrigated
Oct  29,95029,35030,40029,05029,800  September28,20029,05030,30028,30029,950
Nov  29,80029,20030,40029,000        October28,20029,00029,90028,35030,100
Final29,80029,20030,40028,950        November28,30028,75029,90028,300
                                    Final28,30028,75029,90028,300
IA
Sep  31,25031,30031,35030,85031,050 Non-irrigated
Oct  31,05031,15031,15030,80031,000  September22,90022,50023,35023,30024,950
Nov  31,05031,15031,10030,750        October23,00022,20023,10023,25024,750
Final31,05031,15031,10030,750        November23,00022,25023,15023,000
                                    Final23,00022,25023,15023,000
KS
Sep  22,55022,05022,60021,35021,700  Ohio
Oct  22,55022,10022,45021,20021,650 September30,25029,25030,55030,05029,800
Nov  22,55022,30022,45021,200       October30,10029,15030,40030,10029,900
Final22,55022,30022,45021,200       November30,25029,10030,40030,000
                                    Final30,25029,10030,40030,000
MN
Sep  30,80030,75030,95030,70031,750 South Dakota
Oct  30,70030,55030,90030,65031,800 September26,20026,25027,00026,40025,450
Nov  30,55030,60030,90030,550       October26,10026,20026,75026,10025,400
Final30,55030,60030,90030,650       November26,00026,20027,00026,000
                                    Final26,00026,20027,00025,900
MO
Sep  27,30027,85028,50028,20028,200 Wisconsin
Oct  27,75027,85028,40027,50028,150 September30,10029,45031,00030,25030,300
Nov  27,80027,95028,40027,600       October29,90029,10030,60030,15030,400
Final27,80027,95028,40027,600       November29,80029,15030,65029,750
                                    Final29,80029,10030,65029,850

                                    10 State
                                    September29,05028,80029,50028,65029,000
                                    October28,95028,70029,35028,50028,950
                                    November28,95028,70029,40028,450
                                    Final28,95028,70029,35028,450

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre  Selected States: 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

State                               State
and month 2016  2017  2018  2019  2020 and month  2016  2017  2018  2019 2020

                                                         (number)
IL                                  Nebraska
Sep  30,35030,20031,55030,30029,900 All corn
Oct  30,45030,30031,50030,30029,800  September25,70025,80027,10025,85026,800
Nov  30,45030,25031,50030,150        October25,35026,05026,75025,95026,850
Final30,45030,25031,50030,150        November25,40025,95026,80025,700
                                    Final25,40025,95026,80025,700
IN
Sep  29,60028,90030,00028,90029,600 Irrigated
Oct  29,40029,10029,80028,70029,600  September27,85028,65029,95028,20028,900
Nov  29,25028,85029,75028,650        October27,50028,95029,35028,15028,850
Final29,25028,85029,75028,600        November27,55028,75029,30028,000
                                    Final27,55028,75029,30028,000
IA
Sep  30,55030,60031,15030,25030,600 Non-irrigated
Oct  30,40030,60030,90030,20030,450  September22,85022,60023,85023,50024,650
Nov  30,50030,60030,80030,100        October22,55022,80023,65023,70024,800
Final30,50030,60030,80030,100        November22,55022,90023,85023,400
                                    Final22,55022,90023,85023,400
KS
Sep  22,65022,80022,35021,55022,050  Ohio
Oct  22,45022,60021,65022,25021,250 September29,75029,50030,75029,85029,350
Nov  22,45022,65021,70022,200       October29,20029,25030,30029,75029,700
Final22,45022,65021,70022,200       November29,60029,15030,30029,550
                                    Final29,60029,15030,30029,550
MN
Sep  30,55030,75030,85030,05031,750 South Dakota
Oct  30,35030,85030,85029,80031,850 September25,65026,25028,10026,45025,550
Nov  30,25030,85030,80029,650       October25,35026,15027,75025,30025,550
Final30,25030,60030,80029,700       November25,45026,20027,95025,000
                                    Final25,45025,85028,05024,900
MO
Sep  26,90027,75027,40026,95027,650 Wisconsin
Oct  27,15027,80027,30026,95027,600 September29,30028,95030,70029,85030,050
Nov  27,15027,85027,30027,100       October28,90028,80030,45030,25030,400
Final27,15027,85027,30027,100       November28,75028,60030,45029,850
                                    Final28,75028,55030,45029,950

                                    10-State
                                    September28,55028,55029,35028,20028,650
                                    October28,35028,55029,10028,20028,600
                                    November28,40028,50029,10028,050
                                    Final28,40028,45029,10028,050

Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Corn Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab  United States:
2016-2020

                                  October                           November
Year
          Dent stage 1/         Mature 2/     Dent stage 1/        Mature 2/

                                                                            %
2016                 17                73               (Z)                96
2017                 41                51               (Z)                96
2018                 13                80               (Z)                96
2019                 49                29                 1                94
2020                 25                68

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
(Z)  Less than half of the unit shown.
1/ Includes corn in the dent stage of development. Ears are firm and solid.
Kernels fully dented with no milk present in most kernels.
2/ Includes that portion of the crop that is mature and ready for harvest. No
green foliage is present.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet  Selected States: 2020
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

State                               State
and month 2016  2017  2018  2019  2020 and month  2016  2017  2018  2019 2020

                                                         (number)
AR                                  Missouri
Sep   1,884 1,992 1,841 1,759 1,630 September 1,881 2,041 1,777 1,719 1,977
Oct   1,805 1,898 1,795 1,731 1,527 October 2,006 2,172 1,899 1,754 2,093
Nov   1,820 2,039 1,943 1,717       November 2,123 2,253 1,948 1,898
Final 1,826 2,075 1,973 1,828       Final 2,164 2,239 1,961 1,921

IL                                  Nebraska
Sep   1,969 1,917 2,132 1,696  2019 September 1,947 1,653 1,736 1,669 1,943
Oct   2,109 1,886 2,225 1,683 2,127 October 2,036 1,795 2,071 1,777 2,002
Nov   2,193 1,947 2,249 1,601       November 2,074 1,853 2,174 1,722
Final 2,197 1,947 2,264 1,603       Final 2,074 1,853 2,174 1,722

IN                                  North Dakota
Sep   1,683 1,795 1,880 1,496 2,056 September 1,395 1,406 1,418 1,147 1,242
Oct   1,775 1,772 2,001 1,501 1,994 October 1,444 1,430 1,485 1,246 1,439
Nov   1,873 1,774 2,054 1,569       November 1,442 1,465 1,515 1,253
Final 1,873 1,774 2,052 1,561       Final 1,470 1,451 1,514 1,195

IA                                   Ohio
Sep   1,808 1,644 1,823 1,601 1,675 September 1,773 1,765  2019 1,563 1,811
Oct   1,801 1,670 1,984 1,642 1,933 October 1,715 1,714 2,180 1,760 1,972
Nov   1,861 1,717 2,082 1,660       November 1,782 1,828 2,210 1,587
Final 1,890 1,735 2,097 1,682       Final 1,782 1,823 2,210 1,587

KS                                  South Dakota
Sep   1,467 1,487 1,552 1,561 1,650 September 1,561 1,511 1,649 1,504 1,688
Oct   1,643 1,472 1,456 1,604 1,699 October 1,639 1,472 1,867 1,316 1,720
Nov   1,720 1,561 1,548 1,596       November 1,709 1,457 1,822 1,331
Final 1,737 1,561 1,558 1,583       Final 1,665 1,457 1,724 1,353

MN                                  11-State
Sep   1,614 1,359 1,605 1,465 1,607 September 1,741 1,678 1,786 1,561 1,780
Oct   1,625 1,407 1,616 1,474 1,782 October 1,800 1,692 1,895 1,593 1,882
Nov   1,658 1,480 1,569 1,458       November 1,862 1,751 1,938 1,582
Final 1,658 1,480 1,569 1,458       Final 1,870 1,752 1,938 1,586


Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Soybean Objective Yield Percent of Samples Processed in the Lab  United States:
2016-2020

                                   October                            November
Year
                                                                     Mature 1/

                                                                              %
2016                                    53                                   93
2017                                    49                                   93
2018                                    57                                   93
2019                                    25                                   91
2020                                    64

1/ Includes soybeans with brown pods and are considered mature or almost
mature.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts  Selected States: 2016-2020
[Includes small bolls (less than one inch in diameter), large unopened bolls (at
least one inch in diameter), open bolls, partially opened bolls, and burrs per
40 feet of row. November, December, and Final exclude small bolls. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]


State and month 2016           2017           2018           2019          2020

                                                                        (number)
AR
Sep              800            911            891            900           994
Oct              769            839            910            896           849
Nov              779            825            892            925
Dec              779            825            892            900
Final            779            825            892            900

GA
Sep              562            593            605            598           606
Oct              668            608            737            783           747
Nov              719            680            712            790
Dec              725            684            719            799
Final            725            684            713            803

LA 1/
Sep              654            648            759           (NA)          (NA)
Oct              760            667            734           (NA)          (NA)
Nov              784            665            739           (NA)
Dec              784            665            739           (NA)
Final            784            665            739           (NA)

MS
Sep              953            904            871            944           900
Oct              942            810            895            895           867
Nov              974            804            846            904
Dec              974            797            846            901
Final            974            797            846            901

NC 1/
Sep              558            637            601           (NA)          (NA)
Oct              599            705            641           (NA)          (NA)
Nov              660            769            714           (NA)
Dec              660            769            719           (NA)
Final            660            769            719           (NA)

TX
Sep              467            592            570            458           576
Oct              474            602            576            438           581
Nov              528            603            553            456
Dec              547            615            583            459
Final            546            614            582            461

4-State 2/
Sep              532            633            627            551           645
Oct              554            635            661            562           661
Nov              604            649            640            579
Dec              618            656            659            580
Final            618            656            657            593

(NA)  Not available.
1/ Objective yield survey discontinued in 2019.
2/ 6-State total prior to 2019.
Crop Production: Released October 9, 2020, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of October 1 Crop Production Forecasts
[Based on data for the past twenty years]

                                             Difference between forecast
                                                      and final estimate

                            90 percent           Production        Years
Crop                  Root mean confidence
                   square error interval                       Below Above
                                      Average SmallestLargest        final

                                     %           (millions)      (number)
Corn,grain       bushels    1.8    3.1    177      3    437      9     10
Hay
 Alfalfa            tons    5.1    8.8      2    (Z)      7      3     16
 Other              tons    4.3    7.4      3    (Z)      6      3     16
Oranges 1/          tons    7.5     13    449      2  1,676      3     16
Peanut 1/         pounds    6.8   11.8    280     16    729     11      8
Rice                 cwt    1.9    3.3      3    (Z)     12     10      9
Sorghum,grain    bushels    5.2      9     15      3     31      9     10
Soybeans,beans   bushels    2.6    4.5     63      1    261     13      6
Sugarbeets,sugar    tons    5.5    9.6      1    (Z)      5      8     11
Sugarcane           tons    5.9   10.2      1    (Z)      4     10      9
Upland cotton 1/   bales    5.5    9.5    822     76  1,754      8     11

(Z)  Less than half of the unit shown.
1/ Quantity is in thousands of units.

© 2020 CHS Inc.

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