USDA Crop Production 03/08



Crop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Orange Production Up Slightly from February Forecast

The United States all orange forecast for the 2018-2019 season is
5.56 million tons, up slightly from last month and up 42 percent from the
2017-2018 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at
77.0 million boxes (3.47 million tons), is unchanged from last month but
up 71 percent from last season's final utilization. Early, midseason, and
Navel varieties in Florida are forecast at 31.0 million boxes
(1.40 million tons), down 3 percent from last month but up 64 percent from
last season's final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at
46.0 million boxes (2.07 million tons), is up 2 percent from last month and
up 77 percent from last season's final utilization.

The California Valencia orange forecast is 9.50 million boxes (380,000 tons),
up 6 percent from last month but unchanged from the previous season. This
results in a California all orange forecast of 49.5 million boxes
(1.98 million tons), up 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 9 percent
from last season's final utilization. The forecast for Texas is carried
forward from the previous forecast.

This report was approved on March 8, 2019.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Warren P. Preston

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Sugarcane Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Use  States and United
States: 2017 and 2018

Use and State          Area harvested       Yield per acre 1/          
Production 1/

             2017        2018        2017        2018        2017       2018

                (1,000 acres)                  (tons)            (1,000 tons)
For sugar
FL            397         397        40.9        41.7      16,237      16,555
LA            414         425        32.5        35.3      13,455      15,003
TX           40.5        37.6        36.8        36.6       1,490       1,376

US          851.5       859.6        36.6        38.3      31,182      32,934

For seed
FL           15.7        15.3        44.9        45.8         705         701
LA           35.6        23.5        36.2        36.5       1,289         858
TX            1.3         1.3          48        37.9          62          49

US           52.6        40.1        39.1        40.1       2,056       1,608

For sugar and seed
FL          412.7       412.3        41.1        41.9      16,942      17,256
LA          449.6       448.5        32.8        35.4      14,744      15,861
TX           41.8        38.9        37.1        36.6       1,552       1,425

US          904.1       899.7        36.8        38.4      33,238      34,542

1/ Net tons.
Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Utilized Production of Citrus Fruits by Crop  States and United States:
2017-2018 and
Forecasted March 1, 2019
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the
completion of harvest the following year]

                        Utilized prod. boxes 1/Utilized prod. ton equivalent
Crop and State
                         2017-18          18-19          17-18         18-19

                                  (1,000 boxes)                  (1,000 tons)
Oranges
CA                        45,400         49,500          1,816          1,980
 Early, mid, and Navel 2/ 3/
                          35,900         40,000          1,436          1,600
 Valencia                  9,500          9,500            380            380

FL                        44,950         77,000           2023          3,465
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                          18,950         31,000            853          1,395
 Valencia                 26,000         46,000          1,170          2,070

TX 2/                      1,880          2,600             80            111
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                           1,530          2,000             65             85
 Valencia                    350            600             15             26

US                        92,230        129,100          3,919          5,556
 Early, mid, and Navel 3/
                          56,380         73,000          2,354          3,080
 Valencia                 35,850         56,100          1,565          2,476

Grapefruit
CA 2/                      4,000          4,000            160            160
FL                         3,880          5,400            165            230
 Red                       3,180          4,600            135            196
 White                       700            800             30             34
TX 2/                      4,800          6,300            192            252

US                        12,680         15,700            517            642

Tangerines and mandarins 4/
CA 2/                     19,200         23,000            768            920
FL                           750            950             36             45

US                        19,950         23,950            804            965

Lemons 2/
AZ                         1,000          1,400             40             56
CA                        21,200         20,000            848            800

US                        22,200         21,400            888            856

1/ Net pounds per box: oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85;
grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; tangerines and mandarins in
California-80, Florida-95; lemons-80.
2/ Estimates for current year carried forward from previous forecast.
3/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and
midseason varieties in Florida and Texas.
4/ Includes tangelos and tangors.
Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                (1,000 acres)
Grains and hay
Barley                     2,543                         1,978
Corn,grain 1/             89,129                        81,740
Corn,silage                 (NA)                         6,113
Hay, all                    (NA)                        52,839
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                        16,608
  All other                 (NA)                        36,231
Oats                       2,746                           865
Proso millet                 443                           403
Rice                       2,946                         2,915
Rye                         2011                           273
Sorghum,grain 1/           5,690                         5,061
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                           264
Wheat, all                47,800                        39,605
  Winter                  32,535         31,290         24,742
  Durum                    2,065                         1,967
  Other spring            13,200                        12,896

Oilseeds
Canola                   1,990.7                       1,943.5
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                     208                           198
Mustard seed               102.5                          97.5
Peanuts                  1,425.5                       1,368.5
Rapeseed                     5.7                           5.4
Safflower                  167.5                         156.4
Soybeans,beans            89,196                        88,110
Sunflower                  1,301                       1,222.5

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all               14,099                      10,530.5
  Upland                  13,850                        10,283
  American Pima              249                         247.5
Sugarbeets               1,113.1                       1,095.4
Sugarcane                   (NA)                         899.7
Tobacco                     (NA)                         291.4

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas           16.4                          10.9
Dry edible beans           2,081                        2016.0
  Chickpeas, all           859.6                         842.8
   Large                   636.9                         623.2
   Small                   222.7                         219.6
Dry edi. peas              856.5                         807.9
Lentils                      780                           718
Wrnkld seed peas            (NA)                          (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                            55
Maple syrup                 (NA)                          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                          58.5
Potatoes, all            1,033.2                       1,023.3
  Spring                      53                          51.8
  Summer                    55.3                          52.9
  Fall                     924.9                         918.6
Spearmint oil               (NA)                          20.8
Sweet potatoes             150.2                         144.4
Taro (Hawaii)               (NA)                           0.3

Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units 
United States: 2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                       Yield per acre             Production
Crop
                                     2018        2019        2018       2019

                                                          (1,000)
Grains and hay
Barley                bushels        77.4                 153,082
Corn,grain            bushels       176.4              14,420,101
Corn,silage              tons        19.9                 121,361
Hay, all                 tons        2.34                 123,600
  Alfalfa                tons        3.17                  52,634
  All other              tons        1.96                  70,966
Oats                  bushels        64.9                  56,130
Proso millet          bushels        29.8                  11,991
Rice 2/                   cwt       7,692                 224,211
Rye                   bushels        30.9                   8,432
Sorghum,grain         bushels        72.1                 364,986
Sorghum,silage           tons        12.6                   3,326
Wheat, all            bushels        47.6               1,884,458
  Winter              bushels        47.9               1,183,939
  Durum               bushels        39.3                  77,287
  Other spring        bushels        48.3                 623,232

Oilseeds
Canola                 pounds       1,861               3,616,560
Cottonseed               tons         (X)                   5,794
Flaxseed              bushels        22.6                   4,466
Mustard seed           pounds         750                  73,078
Peanuts                pounds       3,991               5,461,600
Rapeseed               pounds       1,524                   8,230
Safflower              pounds       1,511                 236,380
Soybeans,beans        bushels        51.6               4,543,883
Sunflower              pounds       1,731               2,116,410

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/          bales         838                  18,390
  Upland 2/             bales         821                  17,596
  American Pima 2/
                        bales       1,540                     794
Sugarbeets               tons        30.3                  33,145
Sugarcane                tons        38.4                  34,542
Tobacco                pounds       1,830                 533,241

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas 2/
                          cwt       1,138                     124
Dry edible beans 2/
                          cwt       1,860                  37,494
  Chickpeas, all 2/
                          cwt       1,512                  12,742
   Large 2/               cwt       1,520                   9,472
   Small 2/               cwt       1,489                   3,270
Dry edi. peas 2/          cwt       1,972                  15,929
Lentils 2/                cwt       1,171                   8,408
Wrnkld seed peas          cwt        (NA)                     389

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                   pounds       1,943               106,906.7
Maple syrup           gallons        (NA)                   4,159
Mushrooms              pounds        (NA)                 917,235
Peppermint oil         pounds          92                   5,377
Potatoes, all             cwt         444                 454,314
  Spring                  cwt         343                  17,757
  Summer                  cwt         308                  16,276
  Fall                    cwt         458                 420,281
Spearmint oil          pounds         124                   2,571
Sweet potatoes            cwt         190                  27,378
Taro (Hawaii)          pounds       9,630                   2,985

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Yield in pounds.
Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                                   Area planted               Area harvested
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                   (hectares)
Grains and hay
Barley                 1,029,130                       800,480
Corn,grain 1/         36,069,620                    33,079,360
Corn,silage                 (NA)                     2,473,870
Hay, all 2/                 (NA)                    21,383,410
  Alfalfa                   (NA)                     6,721,090
  All other                 (NA)                    14,662,320
Oats                   1,111,280                       350,060
Proso millet             179,280                       163,090
Rice                   1,192,220                     1,179,670
Rye                      813,830                       110,480
Sorghum,grain 1/       2,302,690                     2,048,140
Sorghum,silage              (NA)                       106,840
Wheat, all 2/         19,344,180                    16,027,750
  Winter              13,166,590     12,662,750     10,012,840
  Durum                  835,680                       796,030
  Other spring         5,341,910                     5,218,880

Oilseeds
Canola                   805,620                       786,520
Cottonseed                   (X)                           (X)
Flaxseed                  84,180                        80,130
Mustard seed              41,480                        39,460
Peanuts                  576,890                       553,820
Rapeseed                   2,310                         2,190
Safflower                 67,790                        63,290
Soybeans,beans        36,096,730                    35,657,240
Sunflower                526,500                       494,730

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/         5,705,720                     4,261,590
  Upland               5,604,960                     4,161,430
  American Pima          100,770                       100,160
Sugarbeets               450,460                       443,300
Sugarcane                   (NA)                       364,100
Tobacco                     (NA)                       117,940

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas          6,640                         4,410
Dry edible beans         842,160                       815,860
  Chickpeas 2/           347,870                       341,070
   Large                 257,750                       252,200
   Small                  90,120                        88,870
Dry edi. peas            346,620                       326,950
Lentils                  315,660                       290,570
Wrnkld seed peas            (NA)                          (NA)

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        (NA)                        22,270
Maple syrup                 (NA)                          (NA)
Mushrooms                   (NA)                          (NA)
Peppermint oil              (NA)                        23,670
Potatoes, all 2/         418,130                       414,120
  Spring                  21,450                        20,960
  Summer                  22,380                        21,410
  Fall                   374,300                       371,750
Spearmint oil               (NA)                         8,420
Sweet potatoes            60,780                        58,440
Taro (Hawaii)               (NA)                           130

Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units  United
States: 2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]

                              Yield per hectare                   Production
Crop
                            2018           2019           2018          2019

                                                                (metric tons)
Grains and hay
Barley                      4.16                     3,332,970
Corn,grain                 11.07                   366,287,440
Corn,silage                44.50                   110,096,850
Hay, all 2/                 5.24                   112,128,030
  Alfalfa                   7.10                    47,748,760
  All other                 4.39                    64,379,270
Oats                        2.33                       814,720
Proso millet                1.67                       271,950
Rice                        8.62                    10,170,040
Rye                         1.94                       214,180
Sorghum,grain               4.53                     9,271,070
Sorghum,silage             28.24                     3,017,300
Wheat, all 2/               3.20                    51,286,540
  Winter                    3.22                    32,221,540
  Durum                     2.64                     2,103,410
  Other spring              3.25                    16,961,600

Oilseeds
Canola                      2.09                     1,640,440
Cottonseed                   (X)                     5,256,230
Flaxseed                    1.42                       113,440
Mustard seed                0.84                        33,150
Peanuts                     4.47                     2,477,340
Rapeseed                    1.71                         3,730
Safflower                   1.69                       107,220
Soybeans,beans              3.47                   123,664,230
Sunflower                   1.94                       959,990

Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops
Cotton, all 2/              0.94                     4,003,950
  Upland                    0.92                     3,831,080
  American Pima             1.73                       172,870
Sugarbeets                 67.83                    30,068,640
Sugarcane                  86.06                    31,335,980
Tobacco                     2.05                       241,870

Dry beans, peas, and lentils
Austrian wtr peas           1.28                         5,620
Dry edible beans            2.08                     1,700,700
  Chickpeas, all 2/
                            1.69                       577,970
   Large                    1.70                       429,640
   Small                    1.67                       148,320
Dry edi. peas               2.21                       722,530
Lentils                     1.31                       381,380
Wrnkld seed peas            (NA)                        17,640

Potatoes and miscellaneous
Hops                        2.18                        48,490
Maple syrup                 (NA)                        20,800
Mushrooms                   (NA)                       416,050
Peppermint oil              0.10                         2,440
Potatoes, all 2/           49.76                    20,607,340
  Spring                   38.42                       805,440
  Summer                   34.49                       738,270
  Fall                     51.28                    19,063,630
Spearmint oil               0.14                         1,170
Sweet potatoes             21.25                     1,241,850
Taro (Hawaii)              10.80                         1,350

(NA)  Not available.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ Area planted for all purposes.
2/ Total may not add due to rounding.
Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units  United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                     Production
Crop
                                                       2018                2019


Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                  1,000 tons                  517                 642
Lemons                      1,000 tons                  888                 856
Oranges                     1,000 tons                3,919               5,556
Tangerines and mandarins
                            1,000 tons                  804                 965

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                        million pounds             11,452.2
Apricots                          tons               39,800
Avocados                          tons
Bananas (Hawaii)          1,000 pounds
Blackberries (Oregon)
                          1,000 pounds
Blueberries, Cultivated
                          1,000 pounds
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
                          1,000 pounds
Boysenberries (Oregon)
                          1,000 pounds
Cherries, Sweet                   tons              319,900

Cherries, Tart          million pounds                352.7
Coffee (Hawaii)           1,000 pounds
Cranberries                     barrel            8,634,000
Dates                             tons
Figs (California)                 tons
Grapes                            tons            7,659,000
Kiwifruit (California)
                                  tons
Nectarines                        tons
Olives (California)
                                  tons
Papayas (Hawaii)          1,000 pounds

Peaches                           tons              732,050
Pears                             tons              739,200
Plums (California)
                                  tons
Prunes (California)
                                  tons               80,000
Raspberries, all          1,000 pounds
Strawberries                 1,000 cwt             31,764.9

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                          1,000 pounds            2,450,000
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                  tons               52,000
Macadamias (Hawaii)
                          1,000 pounds
Pecans, in-shell          1,000 pounds              278,900
Pistachios (California)
                          1,000 pounds
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                  tons              690,000

1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.
Crop Production: Released March 8, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units  United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2018 crop year, except
citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate estimation
period has not yet begun]

                                                                    Production
Crop
                                            2018                          2019

                                                                  (metric tons)
Citrus 1/
Grapefruit                               469,010                        582,410
Lemons                                   805,580                        776,550
Oranges                                3,555,260                      5,040,320
Tangerines and mandarins
                                         729,380                        875,430

Noncitrus
Apples, commercial
                                       5,194,630
Apricots                                  36,110
Avocados
Bananas (Hawaii)
Blackberries (Oregon)
Blueberries, Cultivated
Blueberries, Wild (Maine)
Boysenberries (Oregon)
Cherries, Sweet                          290,210

Cherries, Tart                           159,980
Coffee (Hawaii)
Cranberries                              391,630
Dates
Figs (California)
Grapes                                 6,948,130
Kiwifruit (California)
Nectarines
Olives (California)
Papayas (Hawaii)

Peaches                                  664,100
Pears                                    670,590
Plums (California)
Prunes (California)
                                          72,570
Raspberries, all
Strawberries                           1,440,830

Nuts and miscellaneous
Almonds, shelled (California)
                                       1,111,300
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon)
                                          47,170
Macadamias (Hawaii)
Pecans, in-shell                         126,510
Pistachios (California)
Walnuts, in-shell (California)
                                         625,960

1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.

© 2019 CHS Inc.