USDA Cattle on Feed 05/24



Cattle on Feed

ISSN: 1948-9080

Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

United States Cattle on Feed Up 2 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.8 million head on May
1, 2019. The inventory was 2 percent above May 1, 2018. This is the highest
May 1 inventory since the series began in 1996.

Placements in feedlots during April totaled 1.84 million head, 9 percent
above 2018. Net placements were 1.78 million head. During April, placements
of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 355,000 head,
600-699 pounds were 250,000 head, 700-799 pounds were 447,000 head,
800-899 pounds were 495,000 head, 900-999 pounds were 210,000 head,
and 1,000 pounds and greater were 85,000 head.

Marketings of fed cattle during April totaled 1.93 million head, 7 percent
above 2018.

Other disappearance totaled 60,000 head during April, 5 percent below 2018.

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots  United States: May 1, 2018 and 2019

                                                 Number              Percent of
Item
                          2018                     2019           previous year

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
On feed April 1
                        11,729                   11,964                     102
Placed on feed during April
                         1,695                    1,842                     109
Fed cattle marketed during April
                         1,803                    1,928                     107
Other disappearance during April
                            63                       60                      95
On feed May 1
                        11,558                   11,818                     102

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots  United States: April 1, 2018 and 2019

                                                 Number              Percent of
Item
                          2018                     2019           previous year

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
On feed March 1
                        11,715                   11,796                     101
Placed on feed during March
                         1,921                     2014                     105
Fed cattle marketed during March
                         1,840                    1,777                      97
Other disappearance during March
                            67                       69                     103
On feed April 1
                        11,729                   11,964                     102

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and
United States: 2018 and 2019

                                                                    May 1, 2019

State    May 1, 2018  April 1, 2019                                  Percent of
                                            Number  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ               298            314            313            105           100
CA               500            535            530            106            99
CO               940          1,060          1,060            113           100
ID               255            285            285            112           100
IA               730            710            680             93            96
KS             2,290          2,380          2,380            104           100
MN               155            150            140             90            93
NE             2,660          2,580          2,560             96            99
OK               310            315            305             98            97
SD               255            250            245             96            98
TX             2,630          2,850          2,790            106            98
WA               210            225            235            112           104

OtrSt            325            310            295             91            95

US            11,558         11,964         11,818            102            99

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Placed on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and United
States: 2018 and 2019

                                                              During April 2019
                             During
State     April 2018     March 2019                                  Percent of
                                            Number  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                26             31             25             96            81
CA                59             71             63            107            89
CO               145            200            170            117            85
ID                28             44             31            111            70
IA                80            104             85            106            82
KS               380            470            435            114            93
MN                12             17             11             92            65
NE               420            425            435            104           102
OK                60             60             58             97            97
SD                25             29             27            108            93
TX               385            480            415            108            86
WA                27             34             40            148           118

OtrSt             48             49             47             98            96

US             1,695           2014          1,842            109            91

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Placed on Feed by Weight Group on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots and Month 
States and United States: 2018 and 2019

                                                           During April 2018

State Under 600   6-699   7-799   8-899   9+ lbs1/ 9-999  1,000+ lbs   Total
lbs
                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          25       20       35       40       25      (D)      (D)      145
KS          40       55      105      110       70      (D)      (D)      380
NE          40       45       95      125      115      (D)      (D)      420
TX         115       70      100       75       25      (D)      (D)      385

OtrSt      100       40       80       95       50      (D)      (D)      365

US         320      230      415      445      (X)      205       80    1,695

                                                           During March 2019

State Under 600   6-699   7-799   8-899   9+ lbs1/ 9-999  1,000+ lbs   Total
lbs
                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          30       35       55       55       25      (D)      (D)      200
KS          45       55      170      140       60      (D)      (D)      470
NE          25       55      115      130      100      (D)      (D)      425
TX         115      100      140      100       25      (D)      (D)      480

OtrSt      110       55      115      114       45      (D)      (D)      439

US         325      300      595      539      (X)      185       70     2014

                                                           During April 2019

State Under 600   6-699   7-799   8-899   9+ lbs1/ 9-999  1,000+ lbs   Total
lbs
                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          30       30       40       45       25      (D)      (D)      170
KS          45       60      125      130       75      (D)      (D)      435
NE          40       50       95      130      120      (D)      (D)      435
TX         125       70      105       90       25      (D)      (D)      415

OtrSt      115       40       82      100       50      (D)      (D)      387

US         355      250      447      495      (X)      210       85    1,842

(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ The 900 pounds and greater weight group is the sum of 900-999 pounds and
1,000 pounds and greater weight groups.
Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Marketed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and United States:
2018 and 2019

                                                              During April 2019
                             During
State     April 2018     March 2019                                  Percent of
                                            Number  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                21             27             25            119            93
CA                56             57             65            116           114
CO               150            185            165            110            89
ID                21             32             30            143            94
IA                87            100            113            130           113
KS               420            375            420            100           112
MN                16             16             20            125           125
NE               430            425            440            102           104
OK                59             53             67            114           126
SD                27             37             30            111            81
TX               445            390            465            104           119
WA                26             33             28            108            85

OtrSt             45             47             60            133           128

US             1,803          1,777          1,928            107           108

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Other Disappearance on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and
United States: 2018 and 2019

                                                              During April 2019
                             During
State     April 2018     March 2019                                  Percent of
                                            Number  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                 1              1              1            100           100
CA                 3              4              3            100            75
CO                 5              5              5            100           100
ID                 2              2              1             50            50
IA                 3              4              2             67            50
KS                10             15             15            150           100
MN                 1              1              1            100           100
NE                20             20             15             75            75
OK                 1              2              1            100            50
SD                 3              2              2             67           100
TX                10             10             10            100           100
WA                 1              1              2            200           200

OtrSt              3              2              2             67           100

US                63             69             60             95            87



Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are steers and heifers being fed a ration of grain, silage,
hay and/or protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to
produce a carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle being
"backgrounded only" for later sale as feeders or later placement in another
feedlot.

Placements are steers and heifers put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will
produce a carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the
slaughter market.

Marketings are steers and heifers shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter
market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture,
and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the United
States with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for
cattle on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots from 16
States are surveyed. The 16 States account for approximately 98 percent of
the cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head.
Individual State estimates are published monthly for 12 of the 16 States.
Data collected from the remaining 4 States are used to establish the "Other
States" estimates. These 4 States include Illinois, New Mexico, Oregon, and
Wyoming. The "Other States" category represents all cattle on feed with a
capacity of 1,000 or more head for the rest of the United States.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by the
Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis
submitted by Regional Field Offices. Regional and State survey data were
reviewed for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the
previous month when establishing the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve month to
month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are subject to revision
in all States each month when current estimates are made. In February, all
monthly estimates for the previous year, and the number of feedlots and
annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed and subject to revisions.
The reviews are primarily based on slaughter data, state check-off or brand
data, and any other data that may have been received after the original
estimate was made. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the Census
of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date and
estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1,000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are subject to
sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and
processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly.
They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection
process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and
reasonableness.

To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report,
the "Root Mean Square Error" is shown for selected items in the table on the
following page. The "Root Mean Square Error" is a statistical measure based
on past performance and is computed using the differences between first and
latest estimates. The "Root Mean Square Error" for cattle on feed inventory
estimates over the past 24 months is 0.0 percent. This means that chances are
2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current
estimate of 11.8 million head by more than 0.0 percent. Chances are 9 out of
10 that the difference will not exceed 0.0 percent.

The table on the following page shows a 24 month record of the range of
differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using
estimates of number on feed as an example, changes between the first estimate
and the latest estimate during the past 24 months have averaged 1,000 head,
ranging from 0 to 10,000 head. During this period the initial estimate has
been above the latest estimate 0 times and has been below the latest estimate
2 times. This does not imply that the initial estimate is likely to
understate or overstate final inventory.

Cattle on Feed: Released May 24, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of Monthly Cattle on Feed Estimates
[Based on data for the past 24 months]

           mean90 percent     Difference between first and latest estimate
         square confidence
          error
                    level
Item                                                                Months

                           Average  Smallest   Largest Below latest Above latest

                        %                       (1,000)            (number)
Number on feed
              0         0         1         0        10         2         0

Placements
            0.1       0.2         1         0        10         2         0

Marketings
              0         0         0         0         0         0         0

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to contact
for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to
nass@nass.usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 720-3570

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ...........  (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Holly Brenize - Sheep and Goats .............. (202) 720-0585
   Donnie Fike - Dairy Products ................. (202) 720-4448
   Heidi Gleich - Cattle, Cattle on Feed ........ (202) 720-3040
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Seth Riggins - Hogs and Pigs ................. (202) 720-3106

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