USDA Cattle on Feed 05/21



Cattle on Feed

ISSN: 1948-9080

Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

United States Cattle on Feed Up 5 Percent

Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for
feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.7 million head on
May 1, 2021. The inventory was 5 percent above May 1, 2020. This is the
second highest May 1 inventory since the series began in 1996.

Placements in feedlots during April totaled 1.82 million head, 27 percent
above 2020. Net placements were 1.77 million head. During April, placements
of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 380,000 head,
600-699 pounds were 250,000 head, 700-799 pounds were 420,000 head,
800-899 pounds were 481,000 head, 900-999 pounds were 220,000 head, and
1,000 pounds and greater were 70,000 head.

Marketings of fed cattle during April totaled 1.94 million head, 33 percent
above 2020.

Other disappearance totaled 55,000 head during April, 21 percent below 2020.
Other disappearance was the lowest for April since the series began in 1996.

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots  United States: May 1, 2020 and 2021

                                                                     Percent of
Item                      2020                     2021           previous year

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
On feed April 1
                        11,297                   11,897                     105
Placed on feed during April
                         1,432                    1,821                     127
Fed cattle marketed during April
                         1,459                    1,938                     133
Other disappearance during April
                            70                       55                      79
On feed May 1
                        11,200                   11,725                     105

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory, Placements, Marketings, and Other Disappearance on
1,000+ Capacity Feedlots  United States: April 1, 2020 and 2021

                                                                     Percent of
Item                      2020                     2021           previous year

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
On feed March 1
                        11,811                   12,000                     102
Placed on feed during March
                         1,557                    1,998                     128
Fed cattle marketed during March
                          2010                    2,041                     102
Other disappearance during March
                            61                       60                      98
On feed April 1
                        11,297                   11,897                     105

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle on Feed Inventory on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and
United States: 2020 and 2021

                                                                    May 1, 2021

State    May 1, 2020  April 1, 2021                                  Percent of
                                         Inventory  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ               265            272            275            104           101
CA               530            555            545            103            98
CO               950          1,060          1,040            109            98
ID               280            290            295            105           102
IA               620            630            630            102           100
KS             2,320          2,480          2,470            106           100
MN               130            115            110             85            96
NE             2,370          2,580          2,530            107            98
OK               295            300            275             93            92
SD               205            240            235            115            98
TX             2,690          2,870          2,820            105            98
WA               245            205            200             82            98

OtrSt            300            300            300            100           100

US            11,200         11,897         11,725            105            99

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Placed on Feed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and United
States: 2020 and 2021

                                                              During April 2021
                             During
State     April 2020     March 2021                                  Percent of
                                        Placements  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                25             30             27            108            90
CA                68             63             62             91            98
CO               115            180            160            139            89
ID                26             35             43            165           123
IA                62            112            101            163            90
KS               355            490            435            123            89
MN                13             16             13            100            81
NE               310            440            425            137            97
OK                37             55             39            105            71
SD                23             39             36            157            92
TX               330            465            410            124            88
WA                34             19             26             76           137

OtrSt             34             54             44            129            81

US             1,432          1,998          1,821            127            91

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Placed on Feed by Weight Group on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots and Month 
States and United States: 2020 and 2021

                                                           During April 2020

State Under600lbs 6-699lbs 7-799lbs 8-899lbs 900+lbs 1/ 9-999lbs 1,000+lbs Total

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          25       15       25       30       20      (D)      (D)      115
KS          35       45      100      115       60      (D)      (D)      355
NE          20       30       65      105       90      (D)      (D)      310
TX         110       55       65       70       30      (D)      (D)      330

OtrSt      105       35       60       72       50      (D)      (D)      322

US         295      180      315      392      (X)      180       70    1,432

                                                           During March 2021

State Under600lbs 6-699lbs 7-799lbs 8-899lbs 900+lbs 1/ 9-999lbs 1,000+lbs Total

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          35       30       45       45       25      (D)      (D)      180
KS          45       75      160      150       60      (D)      (D)      490
NE          30       60      115      145       90      (D)      (D)      440
TX         170      100       95       80       20      (D)      (D)      465

OtrSt      125       60       95      103       40      (D)      (D)      423

US         405      325      510      523      (X)      175       60    1,998

                                                           During April 2021

State Under600lbs 6-699lbs 7-799lbs 8-899lbs 900+lbs 1/ 9-999lbs 1,000+lbs Total

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO          30       25       35       40       30      (D)      (D)      160
KS          45       55      130      135       70      (D)      (D)      435
NE          30       45       95      145      110      (D)      (D)      425
TX         150       80       85       70       25      (D)      (D)      410

OtrSt      125       45       75       91       55      (D)      (D)      391

US         380      250      420      481      (X)      220       70    1,821

(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
(X)  Not applicable.
1/ The 900 pounds and greater weight group is the sum of 900-999 pounds and
1,000 pounds and greater weight groups.
Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Marketed on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and United States:
2020 and 2021

                                                              During April 2021
                             During
State     April 2020     March 2021                                  Percent of
                                        Marketings  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                21             27             23            110            85
CA                62             66             65            105            98
CO               120            215            175            146            81
ID                30             34             37            123           109
IA                68            109             98            144            90
KS               310            470            435            140            93
MN                12             15             17            142           113
NE               315            455            465            148           102
OK                46             69             63            137            91
SD                30             41             38            127            93
TX               390            455            450            115            99
WA                23             38             30            130            79

OtrSt             32             47             42            131            89

US             1,459          2,041          1,938            133            95

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Cattle Other Disappearance on 1,000+ Capacity Feedlots by Month  States and
United States: 2020 and 2021

                                                              During April 2021
                             During
State     April 2020     March 2021          Other                   Percent of
                                     disappearance  previous yearprevious month

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
AZ                 1              1              1            100           100
CA                11              7              7             64           100
CO                 5              5              5            100           100
ID                 1              1              1            100           100
IA                 4              3              3             75           100
KS                15             10             10             67           100
MN                 1              1              1            100           100
NE                15             15             10             67            67
OK                 1              1              1            100           100
SD                 3              3              3            100           100
TX                10             10             10            100           100
WA                 1              1              1            100           100

OtrSt              2              2              2            100           100

US                70             60             55             79            92



Terms and Definitions of Cattle on Feed Estimates

Cattle on feed are steers and heifers being fed a ration of grain, silage,
hay and/or protein supplement for slaughter market that are expected to
produce a carcass that will grade select or better. It excludes cattle being
"backgrounded only" for later sale as feeders or later placement in another
feedlot.

Placements are steers and heifers put into a feedlot, fed a ration which will
produce a carcass that will grade select or better, and are intended for the
slaughter market.

Marketings are steers and heifers shipped out of feedlots to a slaughter
market.

Other disappearance includes death loss, movement from feedlots to pasture,
and shipments to other feedlots for further feeding.

Statistical Methodology

Survey Procedures: During January and July all known feedlots in the United
States with capacity of 1,000 or more head are surveyed to provide data for
cattle on feed estimates. During the other months, all known feedlots from 16
States are surveyed. The 16 States account for approximately 98 percent of
the cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head.
Individual State estimates are published monthly for 12 of the 16 States.
Data collected from the remaining 4 States are used to establish the "Other
States" estimates. These 4 States include Illinois, New Mexico, Oregon, and
Wyoming. The "Other States" category represents all cattle on feed with a
capacity of 1,000 or more head for the rest of the United States.

Estimating Procedures: These cattle on feed estimates were prepared by the
Agricultural Statistics Board after reviewing recommendations and analysis
submitted by Regional Field Offices. Regional and State survey data were
reviewed for reasonableness with each other and with estimates from the
previous month when establishing the current estimates.

Revision Policy: Revisions to previous estimates are made to improve month to
month relationships. Estimates for the previous month are subject to revision
in all States each month when current estimates are made. In February, all
monthly estimates for the previous year, and the number of feedlots and
annual marketings from two years ago are reviewed and subject to revisions.
The reviews are primarily based on slaughter data, state check-off or brand
data, and any other data that may have been received after the original
estimate was made. Estimates will also be reviewed after data from the Census
of Agriculture are available. No revisions will be made after that date and
estimates become final.

Reliability: Since all 1,000+ capacity cattle on feed operators in every
State are not included in the monthly survey, survey estimates are subject to
sampling variability. Survey results are also subject to non-sampling errors
such as omissions, duplications, and mistakes in reporting, recording, and
processing the data. The effects of these errors cannot be measured directly.
They are minimized through rigid quality controls in the data collection
process and through a careful review of all reported data for consistency and
reasonableness.

To assist users in evaluating the reliability of estimates in this report,
the "Root Mean Square Error" is shown for selected items in the table on the
following page. The "Root Mean Square Error" is a statistical measure based
on past performance and is computed using the differences between first and
latest estimates. The "Root Mean Square Error" for cattle on feed inventory
estimates over the past 24 months is 0.0 percent. This means that chances are
2 out of 3 that the final estimate will not be above or below the current
estimate of 11.7 million head by more than 0.0 percent. Chances are 9 out of
10 that the difference will not exceed 0.1 percent.

The table on the following page shows a 24 month record of the range of
differences between first and latest estimates for selected items. Using
estimates of number on feed as an example, changes between the first estimate
and the latest estimate during the past 24 months have averaged 3,000 head,
ranging from 0 to 15,000 head. During this period the initial estimate has
been above the latest estimate 4 times and has been below the latest estimate
3 times. This does not imply that the initial estimate is likely to
understate or overstate final inventory.

Cattle on Feed: Released May 21, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics
Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of Monthly Cattle on Feed Estimates
[Based on data for the past 24 months]

           mean90 percent     Difference between first and latest estimate
         square confidence
          error
                    level
Item                                                                Months

                            verage  Smallest   Largest Below latest Above latest

                        %                       (1,000)            (number)
On feed
              0       0.1         3         0        15         3         4

Placements
            0.3       0.4         3         0        15         8         3

Marketings
            0.2       0.4         1         0        15         4         2

Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity specialists in the Livestock
Branch of the National Agricultural Statistics Service to
contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent
to nass@usda.gov.

Travis Averill, Chief, Livestock Branch ......... (202) 692-0069

Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section ........... (202) 690-2424
   Sherry Bertramsen - Livestock Slaughter ...... (202) 690-8632
   Ryan Cowen - Cattle, Cattle on Feed .......... (202) 720-3040
   Anthony Fischer - Hogs and Pigs .............. (202) 720-3106
   Logan Hartley-Sanguinett - Sheep and Goats ... (202) 690-3236
   Mike Miller - Milk Production and Milk Cows .. (202) 720-3278
   Suzanne Richards - Dairy Products ............ (202) 720-4448

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