USDA Quarterly Hogs & Pigs 03/25



Quarterly Hogs and Pigs

ISSN: 1949-1921

Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

United States Hog Inventory Down 2 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2021 was
74.8 million head. This was down 2 percent from
March 1, 2020, and down 3 percent from December 1, 2020.

Breeding inventory, at 6.21 million head, was down 3 percent from last year,
and down 1 percent from the previous quarter.

Market hog inventory, at 68.6 million head, was down 2 percent from last
year, and down 3 percent from last quarter.

The December 2020-February 2021 pig crop, at 33.3 million head, was down
1 percent from last year. Sows farrowing during this period totaled
3.04 million head, down 1 percent from previous year. The sows farrowed
during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average
pigs saved per litter was 10.94 for the December 2020-February 2021 period,
compared to 11.00 last year.

United States hog producers intend to have 3.07 million sows farrow during
the March-May 2021 quarter, down 3 percent from the actual farrowings during
the same period one year earlier, and down 2 percent from the same period two
years earlier. Intended farrowings for June-August 2021, at 3.12 million
sows, are down 4 percent from the same period one year earlier, and down
5 percent from the same period two years earlier.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000
head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 50 percent of the total United
States hog inventory, up 1 percent from the previous year.

Revisions

All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2020 through December 2020
were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and
updated import and export data. The revision made to the December 2020 all
hogs and pigs inventory was 0.2 percent.

Records

Record highs for all hogs and pigs, market hogs, pig crop and pigs per
litter, by quarter, can be found on page 13.
This report was approved on March 25, 2021.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Seth Meyer

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Hogs and Pigs Inventory by Class, Weight Group, and Quarter  United States:
2020 and 2021
[May not add due to rounding. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has
not yet begun]

                                                                        2021 as
Item                      2020                     2021                 percent
                                                                        of 2020

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
Mar
  All hogs and pigs
                        76,179                   74,773                      98
    Kept,breeding
                         6,375                    6,215                      97
    Market
                        69,804                   68,558                      98

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        21,571                   21,288                      99
    50-119 pounds
                        19,353                   19,118                      99
    120-179 pounds
                        15,086                   14,705                      97
    180 pounds and over
                        13,793                   13,446                      97

Jun
  All hogs and pigs
                        77,364
    Kept,breeding
                         6,326
    Market
                        71,038

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        22,110
    50-119 pounds
                        19,890
    120-179 pounds
                        15,240
    180 pounds and over
                        13,797

Sep
  All hogs and pigs
                        78,434
    Kept,breeding
                         6,333
    Market
                        72,101

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        23,144
    50-119 pounds
                        21,020
    120-179 pounds
                        14,867
    180 pounds and over
                        13,069

Dec
  All hogs and pigs
                        77,312
    Kept,breeding
                         6,276
    Market
                        71,036

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        21,739
    50-119 pounds
                        20,260
    120-179 pounds
                        15,346
    180 pounds and over
                        13,690

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pig Crop, and Pigs per Litter  United States: 2019-2021
[December preceding year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]

                                                             2021 as percent of
Item            2019           2020           2021
                                                             2019          2020

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
Sows farrowing
  Dec          3,098          3,068          3,041             98            99
  Mar 2/
               3,132          3,149          3,070             98            97
  Dec 1/ 3/
               6,231          6,217          6,111             98            98

  Jun 2/
               3,274          3,260          3,124             95            96
  Sep          3,197          3,164
  Jun 1/
               6,471          6,424

Pig crop
  Dec         33,164         33,745         33,270            100            99
  Mar         34,455         34,644
  Dec 1/
              67,619         68,389

  Jun         36,370         36,056
  Sep         35,459         34,964
  Jun 1/
              71,829         71,021


                                          (number)                             %
Pigs per litter
  Dec          10.70             11          10.94            102            99
  Mar             11             11
  Dec          10.85             11

  Jun          11.11          11.06
  Sep          11.09          11.05
  Jun          11.10          11.06

1/ May not add due to rounding.
2/ Intentions for 2021.
3/ Actual farrowings for December 2020-February 2021 plus intentions for
March-May 2021.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Monthly Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  United States:
December-November 2020 and 2021
[December preceding year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]

            Sows farrowing 1/         Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/
Month
             2020        2021        2020        2021        2020       2021

                 (1,000 head)                (number)            (1,000 head)
Dec         1,049       1,037       10.98       10.83      11,517      11,228
Jan         1,026       1,020       10.95       10.89      11,235      11,106
Feb           993         984       11.07       11.11      10,994      10,936
Mar         1,085                   10.72                  11,636
Apr         1,039                   11.13                  11,556
May         1,025                   11.17                  11,452
Jun         1,100                   10.94                  12,038
Jul         1,086                   11.05                  11,999
Aug         1,074                   11.19                  12,020
Sep         1,085                   10.89                  11,817
Oct         1,044                   11.07                  11,558
Nov         1,034                   11.21                  11,589

Total      12,641                   11.03                 139,409

1/ Monthly values may not add to quarterly or annual totals due to rounding.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: March 1, 2020
and 2021
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2021 as                 2021 as                2021 as
         2020    2021 percent    2020    2021 percent    2020    2021percent
                      of 2020                 of 2020                of 2020

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        155     150      97     555     510      92     710     660      93
IL        580     580     100   4,570   4,670     102   5,150   5,250     102
IN        250     260     104   3,750   4,090     109   4,000   4,350     109
IA        980     940      96  23,420  22,860      98  24,400  23,800      98
KS        180     170      94   1,910   1,810      95   2,090   1,980      95
MI        120     120     100   1,120   1,190     106   1,240   1,310     106
MN        560     530      95   8,440   8,470     100   9,000   9,000     100
MO        470     430      91   3,130   3,070      98   3,600   3,500      97
NE        440     440     100   3,310   3,210      97   3,750   3,650      97
NC        870     830      95   8,230   7,670      93   9,100   8,500      93

OH        200     200     100   2,450   2,350      96   2,650   2,550      96
OK        450     460     102   1,800   1,580      88   2,250   2,040      91
PA        150     140      93   1,200   1,210     101   1,350   1,350     100
SD        285     285     100   1,725   1,705      99    2010   1,990      99
TX        155     160     103     955     900      94   1,110   1,060      95
UT         80      85     106     870     885     102     950     970     102

OtrSt 1/
          450     435      97   2,369   2,378     100   2,819   2,813     100

US      6,375   6,215      97  69,804  68,558      98  76,179  74,773      98

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: March 1, 2020 and
2021
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2020     2021     2020     2021     2020     2021     2020    2021

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         280      270      100      100       60       50      115       90
IL       1,260    1,305    1,515    1,530      995    1,060      800      775
IN         910    1,010    1,050    1,230      920      890      870      960
IA       5,830    5,640    7,460    7,210    5,500    5,500    4,630    4,510
KS         455      455      495      420      390      340      570      595
MI         335      355      300      300      230      255      255      280
MN       2,700    2,680    2,460    2,660    1,850    1,710    1,430    1,420
MO       1,440    1,480      630      565      565      595      495      430
NE       1,130    1,100      885      850      690      710      605      550
NC       3,150    2,990    1,780    1,660    1,690    1,520    1,610    1,500

OH         680      660      640      610      550      515      580      565
OK         825      740      360      345      250      195      365      300
PA         335      335      350      360      250      270      265      245
SD         695      685      385      390      335      315      310      315
TX         280      290      265      200      185      150      225      260
UT         325      360      180      175      180      175      185      175

OtrSt 1/
           941      933      498      513      446      455      483      476

US      21,571   21,288   19,353   19,118   15,086   14,705   13,793   13,446

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: June 1, 2019
and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        160     155      97     620     545      88     780     700      90
IL        590     570      97   4,760   4,780     100   5,350   5,350     100
IN        260     250      96   4,040   4,150     103   4,300   4,400     102
IA      1,000     960      96  22,900  23,340     102  23,900  24,300     102
KS        175     180     103   1,845    2010     109    2020   2,190     108
MI        120     120     100   1,130   1,060      94   1,250   1,180      94
MN        570     550      96   8,230   8,450     103   8,800   9,000     102
MO        480     475      99   3,170   3,325     105   3,650   3,800     104
NE        460     440      96   3,290   3,360     102   3,750   3,800     101
NC        900     880      98   8,300   8,420     101   9,200   9,300     101

OH        200     210     105   2,550   2,540     100   2,750   2,750     100
OK        445     460     103   1,715   1,720     100   2,160   2,180     101
PA        120     150     125   1,100   1,260     115   1,220   1,410     116
SD        265     280     106   1,605   1,780     111   1,870   2,060     110
TX        155     130      84     935     920      98   1,090   1,050      96
UT         80      80     100     750     910     121     830     990     119

OtrSt 1/
          430     436     102   2,376   2,468     104   2,805   2,904     104

US      6,410   6,326      99  69,316  71,038     102  75,725  77,364     102

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: June 1, 2019 and
2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         295      275      130       95      100       70       95      105
IL       1,465    1,400    1,530    1,555      945    1,035      820      790
IN       1,090    1,010    1,180    1,310      840      910      930      920
IA       5,920    5,780    7,520    7,520    5,430    5,500    4,030    4,540
KS         460      510      490      480      385      395      510      625
MI         320      310      320      290      230      220      260      240
MN       2,630    2,800    2,590    2,430    1,730    1,820    1,280    1,400
MO       1,590    1,690      530      565      525      600      525      470
NE       1,135    1,160      875      865      630      690      650      645
NC       3,370    3,100    1,830    1,920    1,500    1,730    1,600    1,670

OH         730      710      660      650      590      580      570      600
OK         800      770      365      380      220      230      330      340
PA         305      375      345      385      235      270      215      230
SD         580      725      430      420      290      340      305      295
TX         285      220      235      295      145      185      270      220
UT         325      365      150      180      140      180      135      185

OtrSt 1/
           910      910      513      550      461      485      492      522

US      22,210   22,110   19,693   19,890   14,396   15,240   13,017   13,797

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: September 1,
2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        160     165     103     630     485      77     790     650      82
IL        590     580      98   4,910   4,820      98   5,500   5,400      98
IN        250     250     100   4,150   4,200     101   4,400   4,450     101
IA      1,010     980      97  23,990  23,820      99  25,000  24,800      99
KS        175     175     100   1,915   1,915     100   2,090   2,090     100
MI        120     120     100   1,120   1,100      98   1,240   1,220      98
MN        580     530      91   8,620   8,570      99   9,200   9,100      99
MO        490     470      96   3,160   3,430     109   3,650   3,900     107
NE        450     430      96   3,350   3,370     101   3,800   3,800     100
NC        900     870      97   8,700   8,730     100   9,600   9,600     100

OH        200     220     110   2,600   2,580      99   2,800   2,800     100
OK        460     450      98   1,790   1,650      92   2,250   2,100      93
PA        120     150     125   1,140   1,290     113   1,260   1,440     114
SD        265     285     108   1,735   1,765     102   2,000   2,050     103
TX        155     140      90   1,045     920      88   1,200   1,060      88
UT         80      85     106     880     955     109     960   1,040     108

OtrSt 1/
          426     433     102   2,418   2,501     103   2,843   2,934     103

US      6,431   6,333      98  72,153  72,101     100  78,583  78,434     100

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: September 1, 2019
and 2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         305      260      130      100       95       50      100       75
IL       1,510    1,390    1,650    1,540      900    1,070      850      820
IN       1,110    1,040    1,230    1,380      860      820      950      960
IA       6,360    6,440    8,010    7,780    5,520    5,480    4,100    4,120
KS         490      500      510      475      375      410      540      530
MI         310      325      310      305      225      225      275      245
MN       2,950    2,850    2,850    2,820    1,710    1,720    1,110    1,180
MO       1,530    1,600      590      690      545      690      495      450
NE       1,190    1,170      890      890      670      690      600      620
NC       3,440    3,350    2,140    2,130    1,580    1,610    1,540    1,640

OH         780      770      690      760      540      490      590      560
OK         805      765      465      350      225      185      295      350
PA         315      355      330      410      265      275      230      250
SD         655      700      450      435      305      320      325      310
TX         345      305      290      215      185      140      225      260
UT         355      370      175      195      175      195      175      195

OtrSt 1/
           926      954      514      545      479      497      499      504

US      23,376   23,144   21,224   21,020   14,654   14,867   12,899   13,069

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: December 1,
2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        155     155     100     605     475      79     760     630      83
IL        590     570      97   4,860   4,880     100   5,450   5,450     100
IN        250     250     100   4,150   4,200     101   4,400   4,450     101
IA      1,010     980      97  23,890  23,720      99  24,900  24,700      99
KS        180     170      94   1,980   1,880      95   2,160   2,050      95
MI        120     120     100   1,120   1,180     105   1,240   1,300     105
MN        570     540      95   8,830   8,860     100   9,400   9,400     100
MO        490     450      92   2,860   3,300     115   3,350   3,750     112
NE        440     430      98   3,360   3,220      96   3,800   3,650      96
NC        900     840      93   8,500   8,060      95   9,400   8,900      95

OH        210     210     100   2,540   2,440      96   2,750   2,650      96
OK        450     465     103   1,820   1,615      89   2,270   2,080      92
PA        140     150     107   1,190   1,240     104   1,330   1,390     105
SD        280     285     102   1,720   1,735     101   2,000    2020     101
TX        155     140      90     985     940      95   1,140   1,080      95
UT         80      90     113     880     910     103     960   1,000     104

OtrSt 1/
          451     431      96   2,467   2,381      97   2,918   2,812      96

US      6,471   6,276      97  71,757  71,036      99  78,228  77,312      99

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: December 1, 2019
and 2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         280      255      130      100      100       50       95       70
IL       1,455    1,440    1,630    1,550      965    1,040      810      850
IN       1,100    1,030    1,170    1,260      920      910      960    1,000
IA       5,840    5,800    7,720    7,620    5,750    5,790    4,580    4,510
KS         475      435      475      485      420      360      610      600
MI         340      360      310      330      220      245      250      245
MN       2,750    2,840    2,770    2,760    1,860    1,840    1,450    1,420
MO       1,250    1,540      620      640      520      640      470      480
NE       1,180    1,100      875      860      640      710      665      550
NC       3,350    2,985    2,030    1,915    1,610    1,620    1,510    1,540

OH         690      750      710      660      550      480      590      550
OK         780      740      470      350      255      205      315      320
PA         305      335      340      360      275      275      270      270
SD         680      690      400      400      320      325      320      320
TX         300      280      275      225      170      185      240      250
UT         320      350      185      185      185      185      190      190

OtrSt 1/
           953      809      526      560      496      486      491      525

US      22,048   21,739   20,636   20,260   15,256   15,346   13,816   13,690

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
December-February 2020 and 2021
[December preceding year. May not add due to rounding]

                  Sows farrowing   Pigs per litter               Pig crop 1/

                         2021 as                                     2021 as
State     2020     2021  percent     2020     2021     2020     2021 percent
                         of 2020                                     of 2020

           (1,000 head)        %          (number)      (1,000 head)        %
CO          72       77      107    10.30     9.90      742      762      103
IL         285      275       96    10.95    10.95    3,121    3,011       96
IN         115      125      109    10.60    10.70    1,219    1,338      110
IA         500      530      106    11.25    11.30    5,625    5,989      106
KS          87       85       98    10.40    10.50      905      893       99
MI          57       53       93    11.10    10.90      633      578       91
MN         270      260       96    11.90    11.80    3,213    3,068       95
MO         250      225       90       11       11    2,750    2,475       90
NE         190      185       97    11.60    11.80    2,204    2,183       99
NC         430      420       98    10.50    10.50    4,515    4,410       98

OH          96       95       99       11    10.40    1,056      988       94
OK         205      210      102    10.40    10.10    2,132    2,121       99
PA          53       48       91       11    11.10      583      533       91
SD         141      138       98    12.10    11.90    1,706    1,642       96
TX          68       71      104    10.35    10.10      704      717      102
UT          40       44      110       11    10.10      440      444      101

OtrSt 2/
           209      200       96    10.51    10.59    2,197    2,118       96

US       3,068    3,041       99       11    10.94   33,745   33,270       99

1/ Number of pigs born December-February that were still on hand March 1, or had
been sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
March-May 2019-2021
[May not add due to rounding]

                       Sows farrowing Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/

State                         2021 as                                2020 as
         2019    2020 2021 3/ percent    2019    2020    2019    2020percent
                              of 2020                                of 2019

                 (1,000 head)       %        (number)    (1,000 head)       %
CO         78      74      72      97   10.70   10.10     835     747      89
IL        275     275     285     104   10.75   10.80   2,956   2,970     100
IN        120     125     125     100   10.70   10.60   1,284   1,325     103
IA        530     500     510     102   11.45   11.40   6,069   5,700      94
KS         86      89      84      94   10.70   10.70     920     952     103
MI         54      54      57     106      11   10.60     594     572      96
MN        295     290     270      93   11.85   11.60   3,496   3,364      96
MO        242     255     230      90   10.65      11   2,577   2,805     109
NE        200     200     190      95   11.50   11.10   2,300   2,220      97
NC        460     460     430      93   10.50   10.60   4,830   4,876     101

OH         98      96     100     104   11.20   11.10   1,098   1,066      97
OK        215     215     210      98   10.55   10.80   2,268   2,322     102
PA         54      57      52      91   11.10   11.10     599     633     106
SD        123     139     139     100   11.95   12.30   1,470   1,710     116
TX         66      68      66      97   10.50      11     693     748     108
UT         43      43      44     102   10.70   10.80     460     464     101

OtrSt 2/
          193     209     206      99   10.37   10.39   2,006   2,170     108

US      3,132   3,149   3,070      97      11      11  34,455  34,644     101

1/ Number of pigs born March-May that were still on hand June 1, or had been
sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
3/ Intentions.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
June-August 2019-2021
[May not add due to rounding]

                       Sows farrowing Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/

                              2021 as                                2020 as
State    2019    2020 2021 3/ percent    2019    2020    2019    2020percent
                              of 2020                                of 2019

                 (1,000 head)       %        (number)    (1,000 head)       %
CO         79      79      73      92   10.70      10     845     790      93
IL        290     290     290     100   10.95   10.70   3,176   3,103      98
IN        120     125     130     104      11   11.30   1,320   1,413     107
IA        550     560     510      91   11.35   11.30   6,243   6,328     101
KS         90      88      84      95   10.90   10.70     981     942      96
MI         55      54      54     100   11.10   11.40     611     616     101
MN        300     310     270      87   11.95   11.90   3,585   3,689     103
MO        260     255     245      96   11.10   11.20   2,886   2,856      99
NE        194     180     190     106   11.65   11.70   2,260   2,106      93
NC        500     490     440      90   10.50   10.50   5,250   5,145      98

OH        102     108     105      97   11.30   10.50   1,153   1,134      98
OK        230     215     215     100   10.90   10.80   2,507   2,322      93
PA         51      56      50      89   11.30   11.10     576     622     108
SD        129     143     138      97   11.85   12.20   1,529   1,745     114
TX         71      61      72     118   10.90   10.60     774     647      84
UT         44      43      45     105      11      11     484     473      98

OtrSt 2/
          209     203     213     105   10.47   10.46   2,190   2,125      97

US      3,274   3,260   3,124      96   11.11   11.06  36,370  36,056      99

1/ Number of pigs born June-August that were still on hand September 1, or had
been sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
3/ Intentions.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
September-November 2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                  Sows Farrowing   Pigs per litter               Pig crop 1/

                         2020 as                                     2020 as
State     2019     2020  percent     2019     2020     2019     2020 percent
                         of 2019                                     of 2019

           (1,000 head)        %          (number)      (1,000 head)        %
CO          75       73       97    10.60       10      795      730       92
IL         280      295      105    10.95    10.80    3,066    3,186      104
IN         120      125      104    10.50       11    1,260    1,375      109
IA         510      560      110    11.35    11.30    5,789    6,328      109
KS          92       85       92    10.75    10.70      989      910       92
MI          56       56      100    10.85    11.50      608      644      106
MN         300      290       97    11.90    11.85    3,570    3,437       96
MO         265      240       91    11.10    11.10    2,942    2,664       91
NE         190      190      100    11.70    11.70    2,223    2,223      100
NC         470      440       94    10.55    10.50    4,959    4,620       93

OH         103      105      102    11.40    10.60    1,174    1,113       95
OK         220      210       95    10.85    10.70    2,387    2,247       94
PA          57       52       91    11.20       11      638      572       90
SD         138      139      101       12    12.20    1,656    1,696      102
TX          67       64       96    10.40     9.80      697      627       90
UT          41       41      100    11.50    10.90      472      447       95

OtrSt 2/
           213      199       94    10.51    10.78    2,234    2,145       96

US       3,197    3,164       99    11.09    11.05   35,459   34,964       99

1/ Number of pigs born September-November that were still on hand December 1, or
had been sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of Quarterly Hog Estimates
[Based on data for the previous 20 quarters]

           mean90 percent     Difference between first and latest estimate
         square confidence
          error
                    level
Item                                                              Quarters

                          Average  Smallest   Largest Below latest Above latest

                        %                       (1,000)            (number)
All hogs and pigs
            1.1       1.9       685        60     2,270         8        12

Pig crop
            1.6       2.8       431         9     1,064        10        10

Expected farrowings

  Second intentions
            2.3         4        56         2       137        16         4

  First intentions
            2.3         4        57         2       145        15         5


Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released March 25, 2021, by the National Agricultural
Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Records by Quarter  United States: 1866 to Present
[This table provides data users with record high estimates of all hogs and pigs,
market hogs, pig crop, and pigs per litter since each data series began]

Item                  Estimate              Record high            Series began

                  (1,000 head)                                            (year)
All hogs and pigs
  Mar                   76,179                     2020                   1,988
  Jun                   77,364                     2020                   1,964
  Sep                   78,583                     2019                   1,988
  Dec                   83,741                    1,943                   1,866

Market
  Mar                   69,804                     2020                   1,988
  Jun                   71,038                     2020                   1,964
  Sep                   72,153                     2019                   1,988
  Dec                   71,757                     2019                   1,963

Pig crop
  Decy1/
                        33,745                     2020                   1,970
  Mar                   34,644                     2020                   1,970
  Jun                   36,370                     2019                   1,970
  Sep                   35,459                     2019                   1,970

                      (number)                                            (year)
Pigs per litter
  Decy1/
                            11                     2020                   1,970
  Mar                       11                     2020                   1,970
  Jun                    11.11                     2019                   1,970
  Sep                    11.09                     2019                   1,970

1/ December preceding year.

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