USDA Quarterly Hogs & Pigs 12/23



Quarterly Hogs and Pigs

ISSN: 1949-1921

Released December 23, 2020, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

United States Hog Inventory Down 1 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2020 was
77.5 million head. This was down 1 percent from
December 1, 2019, and down 1 percent from September 1, 2020.

Breeding inventory, at 6.28 million head, was down 3 percent from last year,
and down 1 percent from the previous quarter.

Market hog inventory, at 71.2 million head, was down 1 percent from last
year, and down 1 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2020 pig crop, at 35.0 million head, was down
1 percent from 2019. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.16 million
head, down 1 percent from 2019. The sows farrowed during this quarter
represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per
litter was 11.05 for the September-November period, compared to 11.09 last year.

United States hog producers intend to have 3.12 million sows farrow during
the December 2020-February 2021 quarter, up 2 percent from the actual
farrowings during the same period one year earlier, and up 1 percent from the
same period two years earlier. Intended farrowings for March-May 2021, at
3.12 million sows, are down 1 percent from the same period one year earlier,
and down slightly from the same period two years earlier.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000
head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 48 percent of the total United
States hog inventory, unchanged from the previous year.

Revisions

All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2019 through September 2020
were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and
updated import and export data. The revision made to the September 2020 all
hogs and pigs inventory was 0.8 percent. A revision of 2.7 percent was made
to the June-August 2020 pig crop. The net revision made to the June 2020 all
hogs and pigs inventory was 2.9 percent. A net revision of 0.8 percent was
made to the March-May
2020 pig crop. The net revision made to the March 2020 all hogs and pigs
inventory was 1.9 percent. A net revision of
2.8 percent was made to the December 2019-February 2020 pig crop. The net
revision made to the December 2019 all hogs and pigs inventory was 1.2
percent. A net revision of 1.0 percent was made to the September-November
2019 pig crop.

Records

Record highs for all hogs and pigs, market hogs, pig crop and pigs per
litter, by quarter, can be found on page 15.
This report was approved on December 23, 2020.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Robert Johansson

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Hogs and Pigs Inventory by Class, Weight Group, and Quarter  United States:
2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                                                                        2020 as
Item                      2019                     2020                 percent
                                                                        of 2019

                                           (1,000 head)                        %
Mar
  All hogs and pigs
                        74,661                   76,179                     102
    Kept,breeding
                         6,349                    6,375                     100
    Market
                        68,313                   69,804                     102

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        21,373                   21,571                     101
    50-119 pounds
                        19,168                   19,353                     101
    120-179 pounds
                        15,001                   15,086                     101
    180 pounds and over
                        12,771                   13,793                     108

Jun
  All hogs and pigs
                        75,725                   77,364                     102
    Kept,breeding
                         6,410                    6,326                      99
    Market
                        69,316                   71,038                     102

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        22,210                   22,110                     100
    50-119 pounds
                        19,693                   19,890                     101
    120-179 pounds
                        14,396                   15,240                     106
    180 pounds and over
                        13,017                   13,797                     106

Sep
  All hogs and pigs
                        78,583                   78,434                     100
    Kept,breeding
                         6,431                    6,333                      98
    Market
                        72,153                   72,101                     100

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        23,376                   23,144                      99
    50-119 pounds
                        21,224                   21,020                      99
    120-179 pounds
                        14,654                   14,867                     101
    180 pounds and over
                        12,899                   13,069                     101

Dec
  All hogs and pigs
                        78,228                   77,502                      99
    Kept,breeding
                         6,471                    6,276                      97
    Market
                        71,757                   71,226                      99

  Market hogs and pigs by weight groups
    Under 50 pounds
                        22,048                   21,739                      99
    50-119 pounds
                        20,636                   20,260                      98
    120-179 pounds
                        15,256                   15,246                     100
    180 pounds and over
                        13,816                   13,980                     101

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pig Crop, and Pigs per Litter  United States: 2019-2021
[December preceding year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not
yet begun]

                                                          2020 as          2021
Item            2019           2020           2021                      percent
                                                          of 2019       of 2020

                                      (1,000 head)                             %
Sows farrowing
  Dec 2/
               3,098          3,068          3,118             99           102
  Mar 2/
               3,132          3,149          3,123            101            99
  Dec 1/
               6,231          6,217          6,241            100           100

  Jun          3,274          3,260                           100
  Sep          3,197          3,164                            99
  Jun 1/
               6,471          6,424                            99

Pig crop
  Dec         33,164         33,745                           102
  Mar         34,455         34,644                           101
  Dec 1/
              67,619         68,389                           101

  Jun         36,370         36,056                            99
  Sep         35,459         34,973                            99
  Jun 1/
              71,829         71,030                            99

                                          (number)                             %
Pigs per litter
  Dec          10.70             11                           103
  Mar             11             11                           100
  Dec          10.85             11                           101

  Jun          11.11          11.06                           100
  Sep          11.09          11.05                           100
  Jun          11.10          11.06                           100

1/ May not add due to rounding.
2/ Intentions for 2021.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Monthly Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  United States:
December-November 2019 and 2020
[December preceding year]

            Sows farrowing 1/         Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/
Month
             2019        2020        2019        2020        2019       2020

                 (1,000 head)                (number)            (1,000 head)
Dec         1,041       1,049       10.72       10.98      11,153      11,517
Jan         1,036       1,026       10.68       10.95      11,071      11,235
Feb         1,021         993       10.71       11.07      10,939      10,994
Mar         1,074       1,085       10.86       10.72      11,662      11,636
Apr         1,027       1,039       11.02       11.13      11,310      11,556
May         1,031       1,025       11.13       11.17      11,482      11,452
Jun         1,115       1,100       11.03       10.94      12,294      12,038
Jul         1,086       1,086       11.10       11.05      12,048      11,999
Aug         1,073       1,074       11.21       11.19      12,027      12,020
Sep         1,097       1,085          11       10.89      12,075      11,820
Oct         1,064       1,044       11.10       11.07      11,806      11,561
Nov         1,036       1,034       11.18       11.21      11,577      11,592

Total      12,701      12,641       10.98       11.03     139,449     139,418

1/ Monthly values may not add to quarterly or annual totals due to rounding.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: December 1,
2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

                      2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
AL         10       4      40      26       8      31      36      12      33
AK        0.3     0.4     133     1.6     1.5      94     1.9     1.9     100
AZ         16      15      94     145     126      87     161     141      88
AR         39      43     110      78      83     106     117     126     108
CA         12       9      75      94      90      96     106      99      93
CO        155     155     100     605     475      79     760     630      83
CT        0.7     0.5      71     3.3     3.5     106       4       4     100
DE        2.5     2.5     100     4.5     4.5     100       7       7     100
FL          4       4     100       6       9     150      10      13     130
GA         20      10      50      42      28      67      62      38      61

HI          3       3     100       8       7      88      11      10      91
ID          7       7     100      28      25      89      35      32      91
IL        590     570      97   4,860   4,880     100   5,450   5,450     100
IN        250     250     100   4,150   4,200     101   4,400   4,450     101
IA      1,010     980      97  23,890  23,820     100  24,900  24,800     100
KS        180     170      94   1,980   1,870      94   2,160   2,040      94
KY         50      45      90     385     415     108     435     460     106
LA          2       2     100       4       4     100       6       6     100
ME        1.1     1.2     109     3.5     3.8     109     4.6       5     109
MD        3.5       3      86    16.5    15.5      94      20    18.5      93

MA          2       2     100       6       7     117       8       9     113
MI        120     120     100   1,120   1,180     105   1,240   1,300     105
MN        570     540      95   8,830   8,860     100   9,400   9,400     100
MS         53      49      92     137      61      45     190     110      58
MO        490     450      92   2,860   3,300     115   3,350   3,750     112
MT         37      41     111     173     164      95     210     205      98
NE        440     430      98   3,360   3,220      96   3,800   3,650      96
NV        0.2     0.1      50     4.8     2.4      50       5     2.5      50
NH        0.8     0.6      75     2.6     3.2     123     3.4     3.8     112
NJ          1       1     100     6.5     6.5     100     7.5     7.5     100

NM        0.7     0.4      57     1.3     0.9      69       2     1.3      65
NY          5       8     160      48      61     127      53      69     130
NC        900     840      93   8,500   8,160      96   9,400   9,000      96
ND         35      36     103     107     107     100     142     143     101
OH        210     210     100   2,540   2,440      96   2,750   2,650      96
OK        450     465     103   1,820   1,615      89   2,270   2,080      92
OR          2       2     100       9       7      78      11       9      82
PA        140     150     107   1,190   1,240     104   1,330   1,390     105
RI        0.3     0.2      67     1.3     1.3     100     1.6     1.5      94
SC         10       8      80     185     180      97     195     188      96

SD        280     285     102   1,720   1,735     101   2,000  2020.0     101
TN         26      25      96     224     235     105     250     260     104
TX        155     140      90     985     940      95   1,140   1,080      95
UT         80      90     113     880     910     103     960   1,000     104
VT          1       1     100     2.6       3     115     3.6       4     111
VA          5       4      80     335     306      91     340     310      91
WA          3       3     100      14      14     100      17      17     100
WV          1       1     100       2       2     100       3       3     100
WI         60      58      97     305     342     112     365     400     110
WY         37      41     111      57      54      95      94      95     101

US    6,471.1 6,275.9      9771,756.571,226.1      9978,227.6  77,502      99

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: December 1, 2019
and 2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
AL          15        1        2        1        5        1        4        5
AK         0.5      0.5      0.5      0.4      0.3      0.3      0.3      0.3
AZ          49       37       32       29       32       29       32       31
AR          63       66        8        9        3        2        4        6
CA          26       24       22       23       24       20       22       23
CO         280      255      130      100      100       50       95       70
CT         1.5      1.5      0.4      0.5      0.3      0.3      1.1      1.2
DE           3        3      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5
FL           3        5        1        2        1        1        1        1
GA          27       12        5        5        6        4        4        7

HI           3      2.5        2      1.5        2      1.5        1      1.5
ID          16       14        5        4        4        4        3        3
IL       1,455    1,440    1,630    1,550      965    1,040      810      850
IN       1,100    1,030    1,170    1,260      920      860      960    1,050
IA       5,840    5,800    7,720    7,620    5,750    5,790    4,580    4,610
KS         475      435      475      485      420      360      610      590
KY         119      123      106      115       77       75       83      102
LA           1        1        1        1        1        1        1        1
ME         1.4      1.4      0.8      0.9      0.7      0.8      0.6      0.7
MD         4.5        4        4        4        4      3.5        4        4

MA           2      2.5      1.4        2      0.8      1.1      1.8      1.4
MI         340      360      310      330      220      245      250      245
MN       2,750    2,840    2,770    2,760    1,860    1,840    1,450    1,420
MS         116       43        6        7        5        7       10        4
MO       1,250    1,540      620      640      520      640      470      480
MT          82       83       34       34       27       23       30       24
NE       1,180    1,100      875      860      640      710      665      550
NV         0.2      0.1      1.7      0.9      1.6      0.8      1.3      0.6
NH         0.4      0.4      0.8        1      0.7      0.8      0.7        1
NJ         1.3      1.4      1.9      1.5      1.5      1.3      1.8      2.3

NM         0.4      0.2      0.5      0.2      0.1      0.2      0.3      0.3
NY          11       23     10.5       12     12.5       16       14       10
NC       3,350    2,985    2,030    1,915    1,610    1,570    1,510    1,690
ND          56       54       23       23       15       15       13       15
OH         690      750      710      660      550      480      590      550
OK         780      740      470      350      255      205      315      320
OR         2.5        2      2.5        2      1.5        1      2.5        2
PA         305      335      340      360      275      275      270      270
RI         0.3      0.3      0.4      0.5      0.2      0.2      0.4      0.3
SC          24       21       54       52       54       54       53       53

SD         680      690      400      400      320      325      320      320
TN          78       48       39       66       55       54       52       67
TX         300      280      275      225      170      185      240      250
UT         320      350      185      185      185      185      190      190
VT         0.7      0.8      0.7      0.9      0.6      0.6      0.6      0.7
VA          79       56       84       83       83       81       89       86
WA           4        5        4        4        3        2        3        3
WV         0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5      0.5
WI         110      122       68       72       72       83       55       65
WY          52       50        3        1        1        1        1        2

US    22,048.2 21,739.1 20,636.1 20,260.3 15,255.8 15,246.4 13,816.4 13,980.3

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: March 1, 2019
and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        155     155     100     645     555      86     800     710      89
IL        560     580     104   4,690   4,570      97   5,250   5,150      98
IN        260     250      96   3,940   3,750      95   4,200   4,000      95
IA      1,030     980      95  22,670  23,420     103  23,700  24,400     103
KS        170     180     106   1,880   1,910     102   2,050   2,090     102
MI        120     120     100   1,110   1,120     101   1,230   1,240     101
MN        580     560      97   8,220   8,440     103   8,800   9,000     102
MO        470     470     100   3,080   3,130     102   3,550   3,600     101
NE        450     440      98   3,150   3,310     105   3,600   3,750     104
NC        900     870      97   8,100   8,230     102   9,000   9,100     101

OH        190     200     105   2,460   2,450     100   2,650   2,650     100
OK        450     450     100   1,720   1,800     105   2,170   2,250     104
PA        120     150     125   1,150   1,200     104   1,270   1,350     106
SD        245     285     116   1,595   1,725     108   1,840    2010     109
TX        150     155     103     940     955     102   1,090   1,110     102
UT         80      80     100     670     870     130     750     950     127

OtrSt 1/
          419     450     108   2,293   2,369     103   2,711   2,819     104

US      6,349   6,375     100  68,313  69,804     102  74,661  76,179     102

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: March 1, 2019 and
2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         290      280      135      100      105       60      115      115
IL       1,415    1,260    1,555    1,515    1,000      995      720      800
IN       1,040      910    1,100    1,050      920      920      880      870
IA       5,510    5,830    7,510    7,460    5,630    5,500    4,020    4,630
KS         480      455      440      495      395      390      565      570
MI         330      335      300      300      225      230      255      255
MN       2,590    2,700    2,400    2,460    1,890    1,850    1,340    1,430
MO       1,555    1,440      560      630      505      565      460      495
NE       1,060    1,130      880      885      690      690      520      605
NC       3,190    3,150    1,700    1,780    1,590    1,690    1,620    1,610

OH         720      680      640      640      520      550      580      580
OK         800      825      360      360      210      250      350      365
PA         315      335      325      350      245      250      265      265
SD         590      695      390      385      320      335      295      310
TX         275      280      260      265      180      185      225      225
UT         295      325      120      180      130      180      125      185

OtrSt 1/
           918      941      493      498      446      446      436      483

US      21,373   21,571   19,168   19,353   15,001   15,086   12,771   13,793

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: June 1, 2019
and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        160     155      97     620     545      88     780     700      90
IL        590     570      97   4,760   4,780     100   5,350   5,350     100
IN        260     250      96   4,040   4,150     103   4,300   4,400     102
IA      1,000     960      96  22,900  23,340     102  23,900  24,300     102
KS        175     180     103   1,845    2010     109    2020   2,190     108
MI        120     120     100   1,130   1,060      94   1,250   1,180      94
MN        570     550      96   8,230   8,450     103   8,800   9,000     102
MO        480     475      99   3,170   3,325     105   3,650   3,800     104
NE        460     440      96   3,290   3,360     102   3,750   3,800     101
NC        900     880      98   8,300   8,420     101   9,200   9,300     101

OH        200     210     105   2,550   2,540     100   2,750   2,750     100
OK        445     460     103   1,715   1,720     100   2,160   2,180     101
PA        120     150     125   1,100   1,260     115   1,220   1,410     116
SD        265     280     106   1,605   1,780     111   1,870   2,060     110
TX        155     130      84     935     920      98   1,090   1,050      96
UT         80      80     100     750     910     121     830     990     119

OtrSt 1/
          430     436     102   2,376   2,468     104   2,805   2,904     104

US      6,410   6,326      99  69,316  71,038     102  75,725  77,364     102

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: June 1, 2019 and
2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         295      275      130       95      100       70       95      105
IL       1,465    1,400    1,530    1,555      945    1,035      820      790
IN       1,090    1,010    1,180    1,310      840      910      930      920
IA       5,920    5,780    7,520    7,520    5,430    5,500    4,030    4,540
KS         460      510      490      480      385      395      510      625
MI         320      310      320      290      230      220      260      240
MN       2,630    2,800    2,590    2,430    1,730    1,820    1,280    1,400
MO       1,590    1,690      530      565      525      600      525      470
NE       1,135    1,160      875      865      630      690      650      645
NC       3,370    3,100    1,830    1,920    1,500    1,730    1,600    1,670

OH         730      710      660      650      590      580      570      600
OK         800      770      365      380      220      230      330      340
PA         305      375      345      385      235      270      215      230
SD         580      725      430      420      290      340      305      295
TX         285      220      235      295      145      185      270      220
UT         325      365      150      180      140      180      135      185

OtrSt 1/
           910      910      513      550      461      485      492      522

US      22,210   22,110   19,693   19,890   14,396   15,240   13,017   13,797

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Breeding, Market, and Total Inventory  States and United States: September 1,
2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                     Breeding                  Market                  Total

State                 2020 as                 2020 as                2020 as
         2019    2020 percent    2019    2020 percent    2019    2020percent
                      of 2019                 of 2019                of 2019

         (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %    (1,000 head)       %
CO        160     165     103     630     485      77     790     650      82
IL        590     580      98   4,910   4,820      98   5,500   5,400      98
IN        250     250     100   4,150   4,200     101   4,400   4,450     101
IA      1,010     980      97  23,990  23,820      99  25,000  24,800      99
KS        175     175     100   1,915   1,915     100   2,090   2,090     100
MI        120     120     100   1,120   1,100      98   1,240   1,220      98
MN        580     530      91   8,620   8,570      99   9,200   9,100      99
MO        490     470      96   3,160   3,430     109   3,650   3,900     107
NE        450     430      96   3,350   3,370     101   3,800   3,800     100
NC        900     870      97   8,700   8,730     100   9,600   9,600     100

OH        200     220     110   2,600   2,580      99   2,800   2,800     100
OK        460     450      98   1,790   1,650      92   2,250   2,100      93
PA        120     150     125   1,140   1,290     113   1,260   1,440     114
SD        265     285     108   1,735   1,765     102   2,000   2,050     103
TX        155     140      90   1,045     920      88   1,200   1,060      88
UT         80      85     106     880     955     109     960   1,040     108

OtrSt 1/
          426     433     102   2,418   2,501     103   2,843   2,934     103

US      6,431   6,333      98  72,153  72,101     100  78,583  78,434     100

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Market Inventory by Weight Group  States and United States: September 1, 2019
and 2020
[Weight groups may not add to market inventory due to rounding]

                  Under            50-119           120-179       180 pounds
              50 pounds                              pounds         and over
State
          2019     2020     2019     2020     2019     2020     2019    2020

                                                                 (1,000 head)
CO         305      260      130      100       95       50      100       75
IL       1,510    1,390    1,650    1,540      900    1,070      850      820
IN       1,110    1,040    1,230    1,380      860      820      950      960
IA       6,360    6,440    8,010    7,780    5,520    5,480    4,100    4,120
KS         490      500      510      475      375      410      540      530
MI         310      325      310      305      225      225      275      245
MN       2,950    2,850    2,850    2,820    1,710    1,720    1,110    1,180
MO       1,530    1,600      590      690      545      690      495      450
NE       1,190    1,170      890      890      670      690      600      620
NC       3,440    3,350    2,140    2,130    1,580    1,610    1,540    1,640

OH         780      770      690      760      540      490      590      560
OK         805      765      465      350      225      185      295      350
PA         315      355      330      410      265      275      230      250
SD         655      700      450      435      305      320      325      310
TX         345      305      290      215      185      140      225      260
UT         355      370      175      195      175      195      175      195

OtrSt 1/
           926      954      514      545      479      497      499      504

US      23,376   23,144   21,224   21,020   14,654   14,867   12,899   13,069

1/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Annual Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
 December-November 2019 and 2020
[December preceding year. May not add due to rounding]

                  Sows farrowing   Pigs per litter                  Pig crop

State                    2020 as                                     2020 as
          2019     2020  percent     2019     2020     2019     2020 percent
                         of 2019                                     of 2019

           (1,000 head)        %          (number)      (1,000 head)        %
AL          16    14.50       91    11.06    10.97      177      159       90
AK        0.40     0.40      100        8     7.57     2.80     2.80      100
AZ       30.50    27.50       90     9.77    10.11      298      278       93
AR          93       78       84    10.90    11.30    1,017      885       87
CA       12.50    14.50      116     4.72     4.14       59       60      102
CO         310      298       96    10.30    10.10    3,193    3,009       94
CT        0.60     0.50       83     8.17     7.80     4.90     3.90       80
DE           4        4      100       10       10       40       40      100
FL           4        4      100     6.25        6       25       24       96
GA          36       28       78     9.86    10.04      355      281       79

HI           2        2      100     5.30        6       11       12      109
ID        9.90       12      121     8.79     9.58       87      115      132
IL       1,115    1,145      103    10.83    10.81   12,074   12,380      103
IN         485      490      101    10.60    10.88    5,139    5,332      104
IA       2,120    2,120      100    11.34    11.31   24,037   23,981      100
KS         354      349       99    10.74    10.63    3,802    3,709       98
KY          99       97       98     9.80     9.96      970      966      100
LA        0.40     0.40      100     7.25     6.75     2.90     2.70       93
ME        0.90     0.90      100     7.10     7.20     6.40     6.50      102
MD        3.70        4      108       10       10       37       40      108

MA        1.60     1.60      100     8.13     7.50       13       12       92
MI         221      221      100    10.96    11.15    2,423    2,465      102
MN       1,195    1,160       97    11.83    11.81   14,131   13,703       97
MS          89      117      131    11.50       11    1,021    1,283      126
MO       1,012    1,000       99    10.86    11.08   10,990   11,075      101
MT          64    69.50      109    10.92    11.04      699      767      110
NE         769      760       99    11.60    11.52    8,920    8,753       98
NV        0.40     0.40      100     6.25        4     2.50     1.60       64
NH        0.60     0.40       67        8        8     4.80     3.20       67
NJ        0.80     0.80      100        7     6.88     5.60     5.50       98

NM        0.40     0.40      100     8.50        6     3.40     2.40       71
NY        5.20        6      115     9.04     7.83       47       47      100
NC       1,885    1,820       97    10.37    10.53   19,544   19,156       98
ND          73       72       99    10.99    11.18      802      805      100
OH         396      405      102    11.16    10.79    4,420    4,369       99
OK         870      845       97    10.74    10.68    9,345    9,023       97
OR        1.30     1.60      123     7.69     8.13       10       13      130
PA         217      218      100    11.09    11.06    2,407    2,410      100
RI        0.40     0.40      100     7.25        8     2.90     3.20      110
SC       18.50    15.50       84     8.54     8.58      158      133       84

SD         509      562      110    11.90    12.20    6,065    6,857      113
TN       54.50    60.50      111    10.29    11.16      561      675      120
TX         270      261       97    10.51    10.44    2,837    2,726       96
UT         168      167       99    10.62    10.92    1,784    1,824      102
VT        0.80     0.80      100     6.75     6.50     5.40     5.20       96
VA        6.70        6       90       10    10.67       67       64       96
WA        3.20     3.20      100     8.13     8.13       26       26      100
WV        0.70     0.60       86     7.71     8.17     5.40     4.90       91
WI          99      105      106       11    11.40    1,085    1,197      110
WY       72.50    70.50       97    10.01    10.24      726      722       99

US   12,701.4512,640.87      100    10.98    11.03  139,449 139,417.90      100

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
December-February 2019-2021
[December preceding year. May not add due to rounding]

                       Sows farrowing Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/

                              2021 as                                2020 as
State    2019    2020 2021 2/ percent    2019    2020    2019    2020percent
                              of 2020                                of 2019

                 (1,000 head)       %        (number)    (1,000 head)       %
CO         78      72      70      97    9.20   10.30     718     742     103
IL        270     285     290     102   10.65   10.95   2,876   3,121     109
IN        125     115     120     104   10.20   10.60   1,275   1,219      96
IA        530     500     530     106   11.20   11.25   5,936   5,625      95
KS         86      87      84      97   10.60   10.40     912     905      99
MI         56      57      55      96   10.90   11.10     610     633     104
MN        300     270     275     102   11.60   11.90   3,480   3,213      92
MO        245     250     235      94   10.55      11   2,585   2,750     106
NE        185     190     190     100   11.55   11.60   2,137   2,204     103
NC        455     430     440     102    9.90   10.50   4,505   4,515     100

OH         93      96     105     109   10.70      11     995   1,056     106
OK        205     205     210     102   10.65   10.40   2,183   2,132      98
PA         55      53      53     100   10.80      11     594     583      98
SD        119     141     138      98   11.85   12.10   1,410   1,706     121
TX         66      68      66      97   10.20   10.35     673     704     105
UT         40      40      45     113    9.20      11     368     440     120

OtrSt 3/
          190     209     212     101   10.02   10.51   1,907   2,197     115

US      3,098   3,068   3,118     102   10.70      11  33,164  33,745     102

1/ Number of pigs born December-February that were still on hand March 1, or had
been sold.
2/ Intentions.
3/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
March-May 2019-2021
[May not add due to rounding]

                       Sows farrowing Pigs per litter            Pig crop 1/

State                         2021 as                                2020 as
         2019    2020 2021 2/ percent    2019    2020    2019    2020percent
                              of 2020                                of 2019

                 (1,000 head)       %        (number)    (1,000 head)       %
CO         78      74      71      96   10.70   10.10     835     747      89
IL        275     275     285     104   10.75   10.80   2,956   2,970     100
IN        120     125     120      96   10.70   10.60   1,284   1,325     103
IA        530     500     530     106   11.45   11.40   6,069   5,700      94
KS         86      89      84      94   10.70   10.70     920     952     103
MI         54      54      54     100      11   10.60     594     572      96
MN        295     290     260      90   11.85   11.60   3,496   3,364      96
MO        242     255     245      96   10.65      11   2,577   2,805     109
NE        200     200     190      95   11.50   11.10   2,300   2,220      97
NC        460     460     440      96   10.50   10.60   4,830   4,876     101

OH         98      96     105     109   11.20   11.10   1,098   1,066      97
OK        215     215     215     100   10.55   10.80   2,268   2,322     102
PA         54      57      53      93   11.10   11.10     599     633     106
SD        123     139     138      99   11.95   12.30   1,470   1,710     116
TX         66      68      68     100   10.50      11     693     748     108
UT         43      43      45     105   10.70   10.80     460     464     101

OtrSt 3/
          193     209     220     105   10.37   10.39   2,006   2,170     108

US      3,132   3,149   3,123      99      11      11  34,455  34,644     101

1/ Number of pigs born March-May that were still on hand June 1, or had been
sold.
2/ Intentions.
3/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
June-August 2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                  Sows farrowing   Pigs per litter               Pig crop 1/

                         2020 as                                     2020 as
State     2019     2020  percent     2019     2020     2019     2020 percent
                         of 2019                                     of 2019

           (1,000 head)        %          (number)      (1,000 head)        %
CO          79       79      100    10.70       10      845      790       93
IL         290      290      100    10.95    10.70    3,176    3,103       98
IN         120      125      104       11    11.30    1,320    1,413      107
IA         550      560      102    11.35    11.30    6,243    6,328      101
KS          90       88       98    10.90    10.70      981      942       96
MI          55       54       98    11.10    11.40      611      616      101
MN         300      310      103    11.95    11.90    3,585    3,689      103
MO         260      255       98    11.10    11.20    2,886    2,856       99
NE         194      180       93    11.65    11.70    2,260    2,106       93
NC         500      490       98    10.50    10.50    5,250    5,145       98

OH         102      108      106    11.30    10.50    1,153    1,134       98
OK         230      215       93    10.90    10.80    2,507    2,322       93
PA          51       56      110    11.30    11.10      576      622      108
SD         129      143      111    11.85    12.20    1,529    1,745      114
TX          71       61       86    10.90    10.60      774      647       84
UT          44       43       98       11       11      484      473       98

OtrSt 2/
           209      203       97    10.47    10.46    2,190    2,125       97

US       3,274    3,260      100    11.11    11.06   36,370   36,056       99

1/ Number of pigs born June-August that were still on hand September 1, or had
been sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Sows Farrowing, Pigs per Litter, and Pig Crop  States and United States:
September-November 2019 and 2020
[May not add due to rounding]

                  Sows Farrowing   Pigs per litter               Pig crop 1/

                         2020 as                                     2020 as
State     2019     2020  percent     2019     2020     2019     2020 percent
                         of 2019                                     of 2019

           (1,000 head)        %          (number)      (1,000 head)        %
CO          75       73       97    10.60       10      795      730       92
IL         280      295      105    10.95    10.80    3,066    3,186      104
IN         120      125      104    10.50       11    1,260    1,375      109
IA         510      560      110    11.35    11.30    5,789    6,328      109
KS          92       85       92    10.75    10.70      989      910       92
MI          56       56      100    10.85    11.50      608      644      106
MN         300      290       97    11.90    11.85    3,570    3,437       96
MO         265      240       91    11.10    11.10    2,942    2,664       91
NE         190      190      100    11.70    11.70    2,223    2,223      100
NC         470      440       94    10.55    10.50    4,959    4,620       93

OH         103      105      102    11.40    10.60    1,174    1,113       95
OK         220      210       95    10.85    10.70    2,387    2,247       94
PA          57       52       91    11.20       11      638      572       90
SD         138      139      101       12    12.20    1,656    1,696      102
TX          67       64       96    10.40     9.80      697      627       90
UT          41       41      100    11.50    10.90      472      447       95

OtrSt 2/
           213      199       94    10.51    10.83    2,234    2,154       96

US       3,197    3,164       99    11.09    11.05   35,459   34,973       99

1/ Number of pigs born September-November that were still on hand December 1, or
had been sold.
2/ Individual State estimates not available for the 34 Other States.
Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Reliability of Quarterly Hog Estimates
[Based on data for the previous 20 quarters]

           mean90 percent     Difference between first and latest estimate
         square confidence
          error
                    level
Item                                                              Quarters

                           Average  Smallest   Largest Below latest Above latest

                        %                       (1,000)            (number)
All hogs and pigs
            1.2       2.1       712        60     2,270         9        11

Pig crop
            1.7       2.9       461        13     1,064        11         9

Expected farrowings

  Second intentions
            2.2       3.8        54         2       137        16         4

  First intentions
            2.3         4        56         2       145        15         5


Quarterly Hogs and Pigs: Released December 23, 2020, by the National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United
States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Records by Quarter  United States: 1866 to Present
[This table provides data users with record high estimates of all hogs and pigs,
market hogs, pig crop, and pigs per litter since each data series began]

Item                  Estimate              Record high            Series began

                  (1,000 head)                                            (year)
All hogs and pigs
  Mar                   76,179                     2020                   1,988
  Jun                   77,364                     2020                   1,964
  Sep                   78,583                     2019                   1,988
  Dec                   83,741                    1,943                   1,866

Market
  Mar                   69,804                     2020                   1,988
  Jun                   71,038                     2020                   1,964
  Sep                   72,153                     2019                   1,988
  Dec                   71,757                     2019                   1,963

Pig crop
  Decy1/
                        33,745                     2020                   1,970
  Mar                   34,644                     2020                   1,970
  Jun                   36,370                     2019                   1,970
  Sep                   35,459                     2019                   1,970

                      (number)                                            (year)
Pigs per litter
  Decy1/
                            11                     2020                   1,970
  Mar                       11                     2020                   1,970
  Jun                    11.11                     2019                   1,970
  Sep                    11.09                     2019                   1,970

1/ December preceding year.

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