USDA Chicken and Eggs 03/22

Chickens and Eggs
National Agricultural Statistics Service USDA
Washington, D.C.
  
Released March 22, 2004, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
For information on "Chickens and Eggs" call Tom Kruchten at (202)
690-4870, for "Hatch" call Jody Roberts at (202) 690-8632, office hours
7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET.
 
            February Egg Production Up 3 Percent
 
U.S. egg production totaled 6.89 billion during February 2004, up 3
percent from last year.  Production included 5.89 billion table eggs, and
1.00 billion hatching eggs, of which 948 million were broiler-type and
54.0 million were egg-type.  The total number of layers during
February 2004 averaged 339 million, down slightly from  a year earlier.
February egg production per 100 layers was 2,033 eggs, up 4 percent from
February 2003.
 
February 2004 contained 29 days due to the leap year. Both  February 2004
and February 2003 contained 20 weekdays, 1 holiday, and 4 Saturdays.
 
 
All layers in the U.S. on March 1, 2004, totaled 340 million, down
slightly from a year ago.  The 340 million layers consisted of 281
million layers producing table or commercial type eggs, 56.8 million
layers producing broiler-type hatching eggs, and 2.44 million layers
producing egg-type hatching eggs.  Rate of lay per day on March 1, 2004,
averaged 70.5 eggs per 100 layers, up 1 percent from a year ago.
 
Laying flocks in the 30 major egg producing States produced 6.44 billion
eggs during February 2004, up 3 percent from a year ago.  The average
number of layers during February, at 316 million, was down 1 percent from
a year ago.
 
Individual State estimates are available for the 30 major egg producing
States.  These States are listed on page 8 of this release and account
for approximately 94 percent of the total U.S. egg production.
Production for the other States are grouped into an "Other States"
category and combined with the 30 States published individually to obtain
a U.S. estimate.
 
                       Special Note
 
Preliminary 2002 Census data were used in the review process for the
revised 2002 and 2003 layer and egg estimates in this publication.  The
revised estimates may appear disjointed from historical data until the
release of the 5 - year Final Estimates publications which are scheduled
for April 29, 2004.
 
 
           Egg-Type Chicks Hatched Up 7 Percent
 
Egg-type chicks hatched during February totaled 32.1 million, up 7
percent from February 2003.  Eggs in incubators totaled 34.3 million on
March 1, 2004, up 12 percent from a year ago.
 
Domestic placements of egg-type pullet chicks for future hatchery supply
flocks by leading breeders totaled 285,000 during February 2004, up 29
percent from February 2003.
 
 
                Broiler Hatch Up 5 Percent
 
The February 2004 hatch of broiler-type chicks, at 728 million, was up 5
percent from February of the previous year.  There were 648 million eggs
in incubators on March 1, 2004, up 3 percent from a year earlier.
 
Leading breeders placed 7.3 million broiler-type pullet chicks for future
domestic hatchery supply flocks during February 2004, up 10 percent from
February 2003.
 
 
              All Layers:  Average Number on Hand During the Month,
                             United States, 2001-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Month  :      2001       :      2002      :      2003       :      2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         :                             1,000 Layers
         :
Dec 1/   :     332,283          339,970           340,316           338,243
Jan      :     333,748          340,815           340,910           337,749
Feb      :     335,763          339,857           340,575           338,948
Mar      :     336,822          339,329           339,885
Apr      :     337,141          338,647           338,182
May      :     335,163          337,377           336,164
Jun      :     332,928          337,133           334,789
Jul      :     332,244          337,610           334,179
Aug      :     332,808          338,119           334,332
Sep      :     335,276          339,197           334,198
Oct      :     337,593          340,111           335,333
Nov      :     338,366          340,118           338,283
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  December preceding year.
 
 
                   Eggs:  Production During the Month by Type,
                             United States, 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :     Total Eggs      :      Table Eggs      :     Hatching Eggs
   Month   :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   2003   :   2004   :   2003   :   2004    :   2003    :   2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :                            Million Eggs
           :
Dec 1/     :   7,451      7,520      6,392      6,466       1,058       1,055
Jan        :   7,390      7,371      6,301      6,315       1,088       1,056
Feb        :   6,665      6,891      5,673      5,890         991       1,002
Mar        :   7,424                 6,316                  1,108
Apr        :   7,187                 6,103                  1,084
May        :   7,327                 6,200                  1,127
Jun        :   7,105                 6,028                  1,077
Jul        :   7,403                 6,316                  1,086
Aug        :   7,367                 6,296                  1,070
Sep        :   7,112                 6,095                  1,017
Oct        :   7,439                 6,381                  1,058
Nov        :   7,326                 6,301                  1,025
During Year:  87,196     21,782     74,404     18,671      12,789       3,113
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  December preceding year.
 
 
           Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type,
            and Forced Molt, United States, January-February 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :          :          :   2004
                Item                :   Unit   :   2003   :   2004   : as % of
                                    :          :          :          :   2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :
Layers During Jan                   :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 340,910    337,749       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 282,062    279,743       99
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  58,848     58,006       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  56,125     55,564       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,723      2,442       90
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers During Jan      :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :   2,168      2,182      101
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   2,234      2,257      101
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,849      1,821       98
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :   1,823      1,793       98
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,387      2,457      103
                                    :          :
Eggs Produced During Jan            :  Million :
  All Layers                        :          :   7,390      7,371      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   6,301      6,315      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,088      1,056       97
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :   1,023        996       97
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :      65         60       92
                                    :          :
Layers on Feb 1                     :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 341,019    338,073       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 281,960    279,564       99
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  59,059     58,509       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  56,314     56,074      100
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,745      2,435       89
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers on Feb 1        :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :    69.9       69.7      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          :    72.0       72.1      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :    59.6       58.1       97
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :    58.8       57.2       97
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :    76.2       76.9      101
                                    :          :
Forced Molt Layers on Feb 1         :  Percent :
  Percent Being Molted              :          :     4.5        4.9      109
  Percent with Molt Completed       :          :    24.0       22.8       95
                                    :          :
Layers Sold for Slaughter During Jan:  1,000   :  15,600     14,625       94
                                    :          :
Layers Rendered, Died, Destroyed,   :          :
 Composted or Disappeared For Any   :          :
 Reason During Jan                  :  1,000   :   5,801      6,549      113
                                    :          :
Pullets Less Than 20 Weeks          :          :
 of Age, Feb 1                      :  1,000   :  95,879     97,935      102
                                    :          :
Pullets Added During Jan 1/         :  1,000   :  24,802     23,290       94
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Pullet chicks one day old added to pullet flocks.
 
 
           Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type,
             and Forced Molt, United States, February-March 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :          :          :   2004
                Item                :   Unit   : 2003 1/  :   2004   : as % of
                                    :          :          :          :   2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :
Layers During Feb                   :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 340,575    338,948      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 281,034    280,057      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  59,541     58,891       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  56,831     56,448       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,710      2,443       90
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers During Feb      :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :   1,957      2,033      104
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   2,019      2,103      104
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,664      1,701      102
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :   1,640      1,679      102
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,177      2,210      102
                                    :          :
Eggs Produced During Feb            :  Million :
  All Layers                        :          :   6,665      6,891      103
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   5,673      5,890      104
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :     991      1,002      101
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :     932        948      102
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :      59         54       92
                                    :          :
Layers on Mar 1                     :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 340,080    339,782      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 280,082    280,529      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  59,998     59,253       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  57,335     56,810       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,663      2,443       92
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers on Mar 1        :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :    69.8       70.5      101
    Table Egg Type                  :          :    72.1       72.9      101
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :    58.8       59.0      100
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :    58.0       58.3      101
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :    77.8       75.0       96
                                    :          :
Forced Molt Layers, Mar 1           :  Percent :
  Percent Being Molted              :          :     3.3        4.6      139
  Percent with Molt Completed       :          :    23.7       23.3       98
                                    :          :
Layers Sold for Slaughter During Feb:  1,000   :  14,162     13,931       98
                                    :          :
Layers Rendered, Died, Destroyed.   :          :
 Composted or Disappeared For Any   :          :
 Reason During Feb                  :  1,000   :   7,154      5,975       84
                                    :          :
Pullets Less Than 20 Weeks          :          :
 of Age, Mar 1                      :  1,000   :  96,933     97,169      100
                                    :          :
Pullets Added During Feb 2/         :  1,000   :  23,669     21,860       92
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Revised.
2/  Pullet chicks one day old added to pullet flocks.
 
 
     Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type, and Forced
             Molt, 30 Selected States, January-February, 2003-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :          :          :   2004
                Item                :   Unit   :   2003   :   2004   : as % of
                                    :          :          :          :   2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :
Layers During Jan                   :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 318,687    314,825       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 264,661    261,610       99
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  54,026     53,215       98
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  51,383     50,899       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,643      2,316       88
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers During Jan      :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :   2,170      2,183      101
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   2,235      2,258      101
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,853      1,819       98
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :   1,826      1,790       98
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,384      2,461      103
                                    :          :
Eggs Produced During Jan            :  Million :
  All Layers                        :          :   6,917      6,873       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   5,916      5,905      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,001        968       97
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :     938        911       97
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :      63         57       90
                                    :          :
Layers on Feb 1                     :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 318,942    315,176       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 264,627    261,483       99
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  54,315     53,693       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  51,652     51,384       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,663      2,309       87
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers on Feb 1        :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :    70.0       69.8      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          :    72.1       72.2      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :    59.7       57.9       97
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :    58.9       57.1       97
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :    76.3       77.0      101
                                    :          :
Forced Molt Layers on Feb 1         :  Percent :
  Percent Being Molted              :          :     4.3        4.8      112
  Percent with Molt Completed       :          :    23.9       22.5       94
                                    :          :
Layers Sold for Slaughter During Jan:  1,000   :  14,397     13,762       96
                                    :          :
Layers Rendered, Died, Destroyed,   :          :
 Composted or Disappeared For Any   :          :
 Reason During Jan                  :  1,000   :   5,435      5,992      110
                                    :          :
Pullets Less Than 20 Weeks          :          :
 of Age, Feb 1                      :  1,000   :  89,237     90,803      102
                                    :          :
Pullets Added During Jan  2/        :  1,000   :  23,796     21,689       91
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  The 30 States are listed in the table on page 8.
2/  Pullet chicks one day old added to pullet flocks.
 
 
     Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by Type, and Forced
              Molt, 30 Selected States, February-March, 2003-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :          :          :   2004
                Item                :   Unit   : 2003 2/  :   2004   : as % of
                                    :          :          :          :   2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                    :          :
Layers During Feb                   :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 318,257    316,082       99
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 263,510    262,078       99
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  54,747     54,004       99
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  52,122     51,695       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,625      2,309       88
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers During Feb      :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          :   1,957      2,036      104
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   2,017      2,105      104
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :   1,668      1,702      102
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :   1,642      1,679      102
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,171      2,209      102
                                    :          :
Eggs Produced During Feb            :  Million :
  All Layers                        :          :   6,229      6,437      103
    Table Egg Type                  :          :   5,316      5,518      104
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :     913        919      101
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :     856        868      101
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :      57         51       89
                                    :          :
Layers on Mar 1                     :  1,000   :
  All Layers                        :          : 317,532    316,958      100
    Table Egg Type                  :          : 262,372    262,658      100
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :  55,160     54,300       98
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :  52,584     51,997       99
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :   2,576      2,303       89
                                    :          :
Eggs per 100 Layers on Mar 1        :  Number  :
  All Layers                        :          :    69.7       70.5      101
    Table Egg Type                  :          :    72.0       72.9      101
    Hatching Egg Type               :          :    58.9       59.0      100
      Broiler-Type Hatching         :          :    58.0       58.3      101
      Egg-Type Hatching             :          :    77.8       76.0       98
                                    :          :
Forced Molt Layers, Mar 1           :  Percent :
  Percent Being Molted              :          :     3.4        4.6      135
  Percent with Molt Completed       :          :    23.5       23.6      100
                                    :          :
Layers Sold for Slaughter During Feb:  1,000   :  13,055     12,769       98
                                    :          :
Layers Rendered, Died, Destroyed,   :          :
 Composted or Disappeared For Any   :          :
 Reason During Feb                  :  1,000   :   6,863      5,695       83
                                    :          :
Pullets Less Than 20 Weeks          :          :
 of Age, Mar 1                      :  1,000   :  90,444     90,308      100
                                    :          :
Pullets Added During Feb 3/         :  1,000   :  21,981     20,282       92
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  The 30 States are listed in the table on page 8.
2/  Revised.
3/  Pullet chicks one day old added to pullet flocks.
 
 
           Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by State
                    and United States, During January 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  Table Egg Layers in   :                  :    Eggs per 100 for
           :Flocks 30,000 and Above :  All Layers 1/   :     All Layers 1/
   State   :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   2003    :    2004    :  2003  :  2004   :   2003    :    2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  ----------------- 1,000 ----------------     ----- Number ----
           :
AL         :    2,378       2,013      9,989     9,367     1,892       1,890
AR         :    4,582       4,131     14,849    14,416     1,899       1,894
CA         :   21,928      20,226     22,565    20,702     2,194       2,174
CO         :    3,419       3,613      3,894     4,086     2,286       2,349
CT         :    2,975       2,904      3,035     2,957     2,405       2,435
FL         :   10,053      10,530     10,601    11,039     2,170       2,292
GA         :   11,186      11,403     20,393    20,674     2,084       2,075
HI         :      484         455        526       492     1,939       1,972
IL         :    3,240       3,549      3,461     3,763     2,254       2,046
IN         :   22,323      22,464     22,949    23,195     2,227       2,250
IA         :   37,652      39,913     38,413    40,565     2,273       2,246
ME         :    4,291       4,024      4,343     4,069     1,957       2,261
MD         :    3,078       3,017      3,296     3,117     2,427       2,310
MI         :    6,947       7,185      7,198     7,436     2,223       2,179
MN         :   10,800      10,498     11,408    11,093     2,253       2,254
MS         :    1,838       1,868      6,737     6,898     1,989       1,943
MO         :    5,368       5,550      6,812     6,841     2,275       2,295
NE         :   11,610      11,691     11,710    11,766     2,195       2,269
NY         :    3,338       3,546      3,611     3,929     2,409       2,469
NC         :    3,330       3,399     10,845    10,839     1,973       1,947
OH         :   30,058      26,831     30,567    27,231     2,182       2,218
OK         :    2,016       1,959      4,285     4,120     1,937       1,942
OR         :    2,697       2,813      2,885     2,979     2,322       2,249
PA         :   23,479      21,882     25,321    23,643     2,341       2,301
SC         :    4,148       4,071      5,298     5,249     2,076       2,191
SD         :    2,263       3,140      2,463     3,340     2,071       2,216
TX         :   14,322      14,123     18,809    18,468     2,100       2,209
VA         :    1,342       1,315      3,358     3,253     2,025       1,937
WA         :    4,884       4,861      4,964     4,930     2,196       2,170
WI         :    3,591       3,844      4,102     4,368     2,194       2,266
           :
30 Sts     :  259,620     256,818    318,687   314,825     2,170       2,183
           :
Oth Sts 2/ :   16,259      16,940     22,223    22,924     2,128       2,172
           :
US         :  275,879     273,758    340,910   337,749     2,168       2,182
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Includes all layers and eggs produced in both table egg and hatching egg
    flocks regardless of size.
2/  Estimates for individual States are not available.
 
 
           Layers and Eggs:  Layers on Hand and Eggs Produced by State
                   and United States, During February 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  Table Egg Layers in   :                  :    Eggs per 100 for
           :Flocks 30,000 and Above :  All Layers 1/   :     All Layers 1/
   State   :--------------------------------------------------------------------
           :   2003    :    2004    :  2003  :  2004   :   2003    :    2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           :  ----------------- 1,000 ----------------     ----- Number ----
           :
AL         :    2,419       1,935      9,975     9,190     1,724       1,752
AR         :    4,559       4,270     15,271    14,919     1,716       1,756
CA         :   21,206      20,200     21,825    20,676     1,979       2,080
CO         :    3,401       3,527      3,911     3,998     2,020       2,126
CT         :    2,951       2,811      3,010     2,865     1,927       2,234
FL         :   10,323      10,763     10,868    11,275     1,969       2,146
GA         :   11,283      11,285     20,630    20,567     1,852       1,940
HI         :      466         462        509       501     1,768       1,856
IL         :    3,506       3,651      3,735     3,871     1,928       1,989
IN         :   22,229      22,330     22,872    23,084     2,007       2,071
IA         :   37,704      39,770     38,488    40,453     2,008       2,158
ME         :    4,248       3,948      4,300     3,993     2,023       2,079
MD         :    3,041       3,007      3,260     3,100     2,086       2,129
MI         :    6,969       7,162      7,220     7,413     2,036       2,023
MN         :   10,745      10,540     11,350    11,123     2,159       2,113
MS         :    1,871       1,862      6,846     7,066     1,811       1,797
MO         :    5,453       5,806      6,861     7,166     2,055       2,107
NE         :   11,622      11,764     11,722    11,839     2,022       2,145
NY         :    3,389       3,659      3,670     4,032     2,125       2,331
NC         :    3,368       3,341     11,141    10,894     1,741       1,781
OH         :   29,632      26,687     30,133    27,109     1,958       1,999
OK         :    2,015       1,942      4,159     4,118     1,755       1,821
OR         :    2,690       2,878      2,868     3,044     2,127       2,102
PA         :   23,020      22,165     24,803    23,938     2,130       2,168
SC         :    4,099       4,140      5,267     5,266     2,013       1,994
SD         :    2,299       3,136      2,499     3,336     1,961       2,158
TX         :   14,257      14,045     18,720    18,534     1,939       1,996
VA         :    1,279       1,366      3,309     3,388     1,753       1,830
WA         :    4,878       4,842      4,959     4,912     1,976       2,036
WI         :    3,562       3,890      4,076     4,412     1,963       2,131
           :
30 Sts     :  258,484     257,184    318,257   316,082     1,957       2,036
           :
Oth Sts 2/ :   16,382      16,786     22,318    22,866     1,954       1,985
           :
US         :  274,866     273,970    340,575   338,948     1,957       2,033
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Includes all layers and eggs produced in both table egg and hatching egg
    flocks regardless of size.
2/  Estimates for individual States are not available.
 
 
               Egg Production:  By Type, State, and United States,
                                 January 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  Total Production   :    Table Eggs 1/    :  Hatching Eggs 1/
     State     :----------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2003   :   2004   :   2003   :   2004   :  2003   :   2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                          Million Eggs
               :
AL             :   189        177         52         47         137       130
AR             :   282        273        101         94         181       179
CA             :   495        450
CO             :    89         96
CT             :    73         72
FL             :   230        253        221        243           9        10
GA             :   425        429        253        257         172       172
HI             :    10.2        9.7       10.2        9.7         0         0
IL             :    78         77         74         74           4         3
IN             :   511        522        499        510          12        12
IA             :   873        911
ME             :    85         92
MD             :    80         72         77         71           3         1
MI             :   160        162
MN             :   257        250        248        241           9         9
MS             :   134        134         42         42          92        92
MO             :   155        157
NE             :   257        267        257        267           0         0
NY             :    87         97
NC             :   214        211         81         85         133       126
OH             :   667        604
OK             :    83         80         47         45          36        35
OR             :    67         67         65         65           2         2
PA             :   593        544        575        528          18        16
SC             :   110        115         91         95          19        20
SD             :    51         74         51         74           0         0
TX             :   395        408
VA             :    68         63         31         29          37        34
WA             :   109        107
WI             :    90         99
               :
30 Sts         : 6,917      6,873      5,916      5,905       1,001       968
               :
Oth Sts 2/     :   473        498        385        410          87        88
               :
US             : 7,390      7,371      6,301      6,315       1,088     1,056
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing
    individual operations.
2/  Estimates for individual States are not available.
 
 
               Egg Production:  By Type, State, and United States,
                                February 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  Total Production   :    Table Eggs 1/    :  Hatching Eggs 1/
     State     :----------------------------------------------------------------
               :   2003   :   2004   :   2003   :   2004   :  2003   :   2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                          Million Eggs
               :
AL             :   172        161         49         41        123        120
AR             :   262        262         91         87        171        175
CA             :   432        430
CO             :    79         85
CT             :    58         64
FL             :   214        242        207        232          7         10
GA             :   382        399        226        238        156        161
HI             :     9.0        9.3        9.0        9.3        0          0
IL             :    72         77         68         74          4          3
IN             :   459        478        448        467         11         11
IA             :   773        873
ME             :    87         83
MD             :    68         66         65         65          3          1
MI             :   147        150
MN             :   234        235        226        227          8          8
MS             :   124        127         40         38         84         89
MO             :   141        151
NE             :   237        254        237        254          0          0
NY             :    78         94
NC             :   194        194         72         76        122        118
OH             :   590        542
OK             :    73         75         42         42         31         33
OR             :    61         64         59         62          2          2
PA             :   529        519        514        503         15         16
SC             :   106        105         88         87         18         18
SD             :    49         72         49         72          0          0
TX             :   363        370
VA             :    58         62         24         29         34         33
WA             :    98        100
WI             :    80         94
               :
30 Sts         : 6,229      6,437      5,316      5,518        913        919
               :
Oth Sts 2/     :   436        454        357        372         78         83
               :
US             : 6,665      6,891      5,673      5,890        991      1,002
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Data by type of flock not shown for some States to avoid disclosing
    individual operations.
2/  Estimates for individual States are not available.
 
 
 
                  Forced Molt:  Percent of All Layers by Month,
                            United States, 2003-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :       Percent Being Molted        :    Percent with Molt Completed
  Month :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
        :      2003       :      2004       :      2003       :      2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :                                Percent
        :
Jan     :       4.4               3.9              23.7              22.4
Feb     :       4.5               4.9              24.0              22.8
Mar     :       3.3               4.6              23.7              23.3
Apr     :       2.2                                24.6
May     :       4.3                                23.5
Jun     :       4.2                                23.4
Jul     :       4.3                                23.9
Aug     :       4.1                                23.5
Sep     :       3.9                                22.8
Oct     :       5.2                                23.1
Nov     :       3.4                                24.1
Dec     :       2.5                                22.7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  As of first of month.
 
 
                  Forced Molt:  Percent of All Layers by State
                       and United States, March 2003-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :       Percent Being Molted        :   Percent with Molt Completed
   State  :---------------------------------------------------------------------
          :      2003       :      2004       :      2003      :      2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          :                               Percent
          :
AL        :       0.5               0.0              10.0              3.5
AR        :       0.5               2.5              10.5              8.0
CA        :       5.5               2.5              39.5             31.0
CO        :       4.5               4.0              20.0             20.5
CT        :       3.5               2.0               4.0             10.0
FL        :       5.0               3.5              27.5             30.5
GA        :       1.0               2.5              16.0             13.0
HI        :       7.0               6.0              53.0             50.5
IL        :       8.5               0.0              32.5             38.0
IN        :       4.5               4.5              30.5             33.0
IA        :       4.0              12.0              34.0             40.0
ME        :       0.0               0.0               0.0              0.0
MD        :       3.5               9.5              24.5             26.5
MI        :       5.0               7.0              31.0             29.0
MN        :       0.5               2.5              23.0             27.5
MS        :       0.0               2.0              13.5             10.0
MO        :       1.5               5.0              16.0             15.0
NE        :       6.5               4.5              23.0             22.0
NY        :       0.0               3.0               6.0              2.0
NC        :       1.0               1.5              10.0              8.0
OH        :       8.0               7.0              23.5             21.5
OK        :       0.0               0.0               7.5              6.5
OR        :       0.0               4.0              28.5             36.0
PA        :       2.5               3.5              18.5             20.0
SC        :       1.5               1.5              25.5             24.0
SD        :       2.5              16.0              26.0             23.0
TX        :       0.5               1.5              25.5             23.0
VA        :       7.5               0.0              12.0             12.5
WA        :       9.5               4.0              42.0             49.0
WI        :       3.5               5.0              33.5             33.5
          :
30 Sts    :       3.4               4.6              23.5             23.6
          :
Oth Sts 2/:       2.3               4.1              26.1             19.3
          :
US        :       3.3               4.6              23.7             23.3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  As of first of month.
2/  Estimates for individual States are not available.
 
 
            Hatchery Production:  Eggs in Incubators, Chicks Hatched,
          and Placements by Type, United States, February-March 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :            :            :    2004
                   Item                  :    2003    :    2004    :  as % of
                                         :            :            :    2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         : -------- 1,000 -------     Percent
                                         :
Egg-Type                                 :
  Eggs in Incubators on Mar 1            :    30,547       34,263       112
  Chicks Hatched During Feb              :    29,988       32,078       107
  Chicks Hatched Jan thru Feb            :    63,487       67,428       106
  Pullets Hatched During Feb for Intended:
   Placements in Hatchery Supply Flocks  :       221          285       129
    7-18 Month Earlier  1/               :     2,916        2,918       100
                                         :
Broiler-Type                             :
  Eggs in Incubators on Mar 1            :   630,187      647,596       103
  Chicks Hatched During Feb              :   694,590      727,936       105
  Chicks Hatched Jan thru Feb            : 1,454,363    1,501,906       103
  Pullets Hatched During Feb for Intended:
   Placements in Hatchery Supply Flocks  :     6,659        7,340       110
    7-15 Months Earlier 2/               :    62,371       60,821        98
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  2004 includes pullet chicks hatched Aug 2002 through Jul 2003.
2/  2004 includes pullet chicks hatched Nov 2002 through Jul 2003.
 
 
           Egg-Type Eggs in Incubators:  By Region and United States,
                                March 1, 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :            :            :    2004
                Geographic               :    2003    :    2004    :  as % of
                 Division                :            :            :    2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         :   ------ 1,000 ------      Percent
                                         :
North Atlantic                           :    4,338        6,263        144
E North Central                          :    6,303        6,502        103
W North Central                          :    6,382        8,240        129
South Atlantic                           :    2,838        2,463         87
South Central                            :    5,332        5,586        105
West                                     :    5,354        5,209         97
                                         :
US                                       :   30,547       34,263        112
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Regional Listing:
  North Atlantic  = CT, ME, MA, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, VT.
  E North Central = IL, IN, MI, OH, WI.
  W North Central = IA, KS, MN, MO, NE, ND, SD.
  South Atlantic  = DE, FL, GA, MD, NC, SC, VA, WV.
  South Central   = AL, AR, KY, LA, MS, OK, TN, TX.
  West            = AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, WY.
 
 
              Egg-Type Chicks Hatched:  By State and United States,
                                February 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             :            February            :             Jan-Feb
             :------------------------------------------------------------------
    State    :          :          :   2004   :          :           :   2004
             :   2003   :   2004   : as % of  :   2003   :   2004    : as % of
             :          :          :   2003   :          :           :   2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
             :  ----- 1,000 -----    Percent     ----- 1,000 -----     Percent
             :
AR           :     814        939      115        1,620      1,762       109
FL           :     620        615       99        1,285      1,324       103
GA           :   2,229      2,327      104        4,729      4,846       102
IN           :   4,197      4,894      117        9,466      9,990       106
IA           :   5,101      5,675      111       10,503     11,693       111
MN           :   1,465      1,112       76        2,901      2,222        77
PA           :   3,709      4,849      131        8,062      9,784       121
             :
Oth Sts  1/  :  11,853     11,667       98       24,921     25,807       104
             :
US           :  29,988     32,078      107       63,487     67,428       106
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
 
 
           Egg-Type Chicks Hatched:  By Month, United States, 2002-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        :             By Months             :            Cumulative
        :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
  Month :        :        :        :  2004  :        :        :        :  2004
        :  2002  :  2003  :  2004  :as % of :  2002  :  2003  :  2004  :as % of
        :        :        :        :  2003  :        :        :        :  2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        : --------- 1,000 --------  Percent  --------- 1,000 ---------  Percent
        :
Jan     : 35,647   33,499   35,350    106     35,647   33,499   35,350    106
Feb     : 34,465   29,988   32,078    107     70,112   63,487   67,428    106
Mar     : 36,977   36,726                    107,089  100,213
Apr     : 38,088   37,531                    145,177  137,744
May     : 38,751   38,206                    183,928  175,950
Jun     : 35,136   36,344                    219,064  212,294
Jul     : 35,573   35,593                    254,637  247,887
Aug     : 35,681   33,179                    290,318  281,066
Sep     : 35,734   35,777                    326,052  316,843
Oct     : 32,149   34,999                    358,201  351,842
Nov     : 31,146   30,129                    389,347  381,971
Dec     : 31,973   33,856                    421,320  415,827
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
        Intended Placements:  Egg-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery Supply
              Flocks by Month and Total, United States, 2002-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         :                          :       :  Cumulative Potential Placements
         :  Pullet Chicks Hatched   : 2004  : Relative to Current Supply Flocks
  Month  :                          :as % of:      7-18 Months Earlier 2/
         :--------------------------: 2003  :-----------------------------------
         :  2002  :  2003  :  2004  :       :   2002    :   2003    :   2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         : -------- 1,000 -------    Percent    ----------- 1,000 -----------
         :
Jan      :   228      198     164       83      3,158       2,974       2,974
Feb      :   247      221     285      129      3,205       2,916       2,918
Mar      :   237      315                       3,239       2,886       2,881
Apr      :   295      276                       3,225       2,944       2,873
May      :   319      279                       3,134       2,980       2,993
Jun      :   221      305                       3,087       2,946       3,081
Jul      :   282      226                       3,048       2,927       3,136
Aug      :   221      184                       3,040       2,897       3,102
Sep      :   277      269                       3,073       2,871       3,166
Oct      :   186      306                       3,026       2,949
Nov      :   227      315                       3,010       2,930
Dec      :   187      242                       3,014       2,890
         :
Total    : 2,927    3,136
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Reported by leading breeders.  Coverage may not be 100 percent.  Includes
    expected pullet chicks from eggs sold during the preceding month at the rate
    of 125 pullet chicks per 30 dozen case of eggs.
2/  For February 2004, includes breeder pullet chicks hatched Aug 2002
    through Jul 2003.  The 7-18 months represent the first laying cycle.
    Molting and additional laying cycles will increase the cumulative potential
    placements.
 
 
                   Broiler-Type Eggs in Incubators:  By Region
                       and United States, March 1, 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :                   :                   :        2004
     Geographic    :       2003        :       2004        :      as % of
      Division     :                   :                   :        2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :      ---------- 1,000 ----------             Percent
                   :
North Atlantic     :       11,107              12,016               108
E North Central    :        7,362               9,185               125
W North Central    :       20,132              22,826               113
South Atlantic     :      233,214             232,310               100
South Central      :      334,647             346,259               103
West               :       23,725              25,000               105
                   :
US                 :      630,187             647,596               103
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
                     Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched:  By State
                       and United States, February 2003-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :          February           :           Jan-Feb
                    :-----------------------------------------------------------
        State       :         :         :  2004   :         :         :  2004
                    :  2003   :  2004   : as % of :  2003   :  2004   : as % of
                    :         :         :  2003   :         :         :  2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    : ----- 1,000 -----   Percent  ------ 1,000 ------  Percent
                    :
AL                  :  91,495   101,222     111      194,143   210,892    109
AR                  : 101,976   105,663     104      212,943   218,777    103
DE                  :  11,607    12,772     110       24,250    26,316    109
FL                  :   5,224     4,669      89       10,980     9,609     88
GA                  : 102,398   113,447     111      213,718   233,341    109
KY                  :  22,105    22,017     100       45,913    46,893    102
LA                  :  12,475    12,538     101       25,836    25,949    100
MD                  :  32,096    29,362      91       67,234    61,441     91
MS                  :  63,505    67,390     106      133,847   138,596    104
NC                  :  59,258    60,569     102      125,243   124,878    100
OK                  :  22,177    21,139      95       45,145    43,666     97
PA                  :  11,185    12,018     107       23,656    24,660    104
SC                  :  15,610    12,313      79       32,614    25,504     78
TX                  :  48,505    50,491     104      103,259   103,386    100
VA                  :  21,995    21,598      98       45,462    44,777     98
CA, MO, TN, & WV    :  52,172    58,395     112      109,743   119,663    109
                    :
19 Sts 1/           : 673,783   705,603     105    1,413,986 1,458,348    103
                    :
Oth Sts 2/          :  20,807    22,333     107       40,377    43,558    108
                    :
US                  : 694,590   727,936     105    1,454,363 1,501,906    103
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  States in the weekly hatchery production estimating program.
2/  Not published separately to avoid disclosing data for individual
    operations.
 
 
         Broiler-Type Chicks Hatched:  By Month, United States, 2002-04
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       :            By Months             :             Cumulative
       :------------------------------------------------------------------------
 Month :        :        :        : 2004  :        :         :         :  2004
       :  2002  :  2003  :  2004  :as % of:  2002  :  2003   :  2004   :as % of
       :        :        :        : 2003  :        :         :         :  2003
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       :--------- 1,000 ---------  Percent----------- 1,000 ----------- Percent
       :
Jan    :776,961  759,773  773,970    102    776,961   759,773   773,970   102
Feb    :703,323  694,590  727,936    105  1,480,284 1,454,363 1,501,906   103
Mar    :791,093  774,836                  2,271,377 2,229,199
Apr    :765,415  761,145                  3,036,792 2,990,344
May    :799,262  791,905                  3,836,054 3,782,249
Jun    :776,332  774,680                  4,612,386 4,556,929
Jul    :781,707  777,341                  5,394,093 5,334,270
Aug    :780,020  783,175                  6,174,113 6,117,445
Sep    :740,396  739,191                  6,914,509 6,856,636
Oct    :720,564  734,801                  7,635,073 7,591,437
Nov    :690,052  707,619                  8,325,125 8,299,056
Dec    :753,875  778,159                  9,079,000 9,077,215
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
          Intended Placements:  Broiler-Type Pullet Chicks for Hatchery
                  Supply Flocks by Month and Total, 2002-04 1/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         :                          :       :  Cumulative Potential Placements
         :  Pullet Chicks Hatched   : 2004  : Relative to Current Supply Flocks
  Month  :                          :as % of:      7-15 Months Earlier 2/
         :--------------------------: 2003  :-----------------------------------
         :  2002  :  2003  :  2004  :       :   2002    :   2003    :   2004
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         : -------- 1,000 --------   Percent   ------------ 1,000 -----------
         :
US       :
 Place-  :
 ments   :
Jan      :  6,264    6,269   6,811     109     60,750      62,473      60,015
Feb      :  7,275    6,659   7,340     110     60,382      62,371      60,821
Mar      :  6,775    6,329                     60,771      62,559      61,284
Apr      :  6,814    6,720                     60,989      62,658      61,463
May      :  7,597    7,612                     61,008      62,659      61,679
Jun      :  7,206    6,748                     61,521      62,322      61,966
Jul      :  6,602    7,071                     61,346      62,022      62,615
Aug      :  7,449    7,401                     61,212      61,477      62,706
Sep      :  6,676    6,654                     61,370      60,539      62,434
Oct      :  6,265    6,485                     61,323      59,662
Nov      :  6,938    6,946                     61,811      59,780
Dec      :  6,475    6,978                     61,914      59,943
         :
Annual   :
 Total   : 82,336   81,872
         :
Total    :
 Place-  :
 ments3/ :
Jan      :  7,415    7,388   7,812     106
Feb      :  8,491    8,094   8,251     102
Mar      :  7,997    7,391
Apr      :  8,119    8,000
May      :  8,982    8,920
Jun      :  8,802    8,341
Jul      :  8,083    8,555
Aug      :  8,913    8,756
Sep      :  8,002    8,338
Oct      :  7,438    7,856
Nov      :  8,202    8,246
Dec      :  8,016    8,185
         :
Annual   :
 Total   : 98,460   98,070
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/  Reported by leading breeders.  Coverage may not be 100 percent.  Includes
    expected pullet chicks from eggs sold during the preceding month at the rate
    of 125 pullet chicks per 30 dozen case of eggs.
2/  For Feb 2004, includes breeder pullet chicks hatched Nov 2002 through
    Jul 2003.
3/  U.S. production of intended placements worldwide.
 
 
                 Procedures and Reliability
 
Data Sources:  Primary data for the "Chickens and Eggs" report are from
weekly and/or monthly questionnaires sent to producers.  An attempt is
made to collect information for layer and egg estimates from each known
contractor and independent producer who has over 30,000 table egg layers.
Coverage for operations with less than 30,000 table egg layers are
estimated each month based on data reported in December.  Approximately
900 contractors, independent egg producers, and started pullet operations
are contacted each month.  All known hatcheries, approximately 330, are
contacted for information on a weekly and/or monthly basis.
 
Revisions:  The previous month's estimates are subject to revision if
late reports or corrected data indicates a different level.
Additionally, revisions needed after the monthly report will be made at
the end of the marketing year and published in the annual summaries of
"Chickens and Eggs Summary" and "Hatchery Production".
 
Procedures and Reliability:  Operations are mailed a questionnaire and
given adequate time to respond by mail.  Those that do not respond are
phoned.  Great care is exercised to ensure that all operations are
accounted for during each survey period.  However, there are usually
missing reports that must be accounted for in the estimates.
 
Sound statistical methodology is employed to derive estimates from the
reported data.  All data are checked for unusual values.  All operations'
data are compared to their own past operating profiles and also to trends
from other operations.  Data for missing operations are estimated based
on similar operations or historical data.  Survey data are subject to
non-sampling errors such as omissions and mistakes in reporting and in
processing.  While these errors cannot be measured directly, they are
minimized by reviewing all data for consistency and reasonableness.
 
Egg-type chicks hatched are comprised of all chicks of egg-type
domesticated breeds including males and chicks destined for hatchery
supply flocks and research purposes.  The relationship of chicks hatched
to chicken inventory and poultry marketings is carefully monitored.  The
disposition of egg-type chicks hatched prior to placement into the laying
flock can vary significantly, which can make comparisons to changes in
layer inventory inconsistent over time.
 
Intended placement data reported by leading breeders include pullet
chicks expected from eggs sold the preceding month.  The breeders in this
report account for a large percentage of replacement pullets for hatchery
supply flocks.  Production of replacement pullets by these breeders
indicates the number of pullets available to hatchery supply flocks
several months before the pullets will actually move into the flocks.
"Hatchery Supply Flocks" include all generations of layers which could
lay eggs to supply a hatchery.  This includes the generations of parents,
grandparents, great-grandparents, pedigree, etc.  Also included are
research flocks, vaccine flocks, and specific pathogen-free flocks.  The
broiler cumulative potential placements are a moving total of the
intended placements 7-15 months earlier.  The egg-type cumulative
potential placements of 7-18 months represent the first laying cycle.
Molting and additional laying cycles will increase the cumulative
potential placements of egg-type hatching flocks.
 
 
The next "Chickens and Eggs" report will be released at 3 p.m. ET on
April 23, 2004.



© 2019 CHS Inc.